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Structuring the Integration of Care Management Services For Medicaid Enrollees Recipients With Chronic Illness, Substance Abuse Problems and Possible Psychiatric Disorders

This study has been terminated.
Sponsor:
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00399373
First Posted: November 14, 2006
Last Update Posted: December 7, 2017
The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Johns Hopkins University
  Purpose
The study seeks to measure the effect of increased coordination of care on medical costs, treatment utilization and selected clinical indicators among a Medicaid population with chronic medical conditions and substance abuse problems? We shall address this question by conducting a demonstration project consisting of the provision of integrated care management (somatic and behavioral) to Medicaid enrollees living on the Eastern Shore of Maryland and who have both chronic medical conditions and problems with substance abuse. A specific component of the study will be the participation of Maryland's Mental Health Administration (MHA) and MAPS, the administrator of psychiatric services for the Medicaid enrollees in Maryland. We shall compare the results of the integrated care management for the study sample on the Eastern Shore with a control group from the counties of western Maryland.

Condition
Chronic Illness

Study Type: Observational
Study Design: Observational Model: Cohort
Time Perspective: Prospective
Official Title: Structuring the Integration of Services For Medicaid Recipients With Chronic Illness, Substance Abuse Problems and Possible Psychiatric Disorders

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Johns Hopkins University:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Total medical costs (per member per month) [ Time Frame: monthly average, calculated at the end of 12 months ]

Enrollment: 258
Study Start Date: November 2005
Study Completion Date: October 2008
Primary Completion Date: October 2008 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Groups/Cohorts
Quality Improvement Initiative
The initial step in the quality improvement initiative was a letter sent from JHHC Care Management Department to the quality improvement initiative group, inviting them to take advantage of the case management services that are part of their current benefits in the Priority Partners MCO. It is similar to the standard letter sent to PPMCO members who are appropriate for a JHHC disease or case management program. A substance abuse outreach staff initiated telephonic contact with the members in the intervention group. The staff member then refered to substance abuse treatment when possible and appropriate and refered to medical case management.
Control group
No additional improvement modalities

Detailed Description:

Problem in context. In an environment of increased competition for governmental funding, Medicaid programs in every state are bracing for decreased resources being available for the care of their enrollees. A possible result of less funding is reduced quality of healthcare. In response to this threat, The Center for Health Care Strategies, Inc, (CHCS) a non-profit organization dedicated to improving the quality of publicly financed health care, issued an RFP for participation in a multisite project to expand or enhance existing efforts to improve the way care for Medicaid enrollees with multiple chronic conditions is delivered, integrated, measured and financed.

Present knowledge. While there is strong documentation of improved population health status with care management, the evidence for the immediate economic effects of care management initiatives is mixed for commercial and absent for Medicaid populations. CHCS is presently conducting a multisite study (in which we participate) of whether or not a business case (return on investment) can be made for quality improvement initiatives in a Medicaid population.

Research question. What is the effect of increased coordination of care on medical costs, treatment utilization and selected clinical indicators among a Medicaid population with chronic medical conditions and substance abuse problems? We shall address this question by conducting a demonstration project consisting of the provision of integrated care management (somatic and behavioral) to Medicaid enrollees living on the Eastern Shore of Maryland and who have both chronic medical conditions and problems with substance abuse. A specific component of the study will be the participation of Maryland's Mental Health Administration (MHA) and MAPS, the administrator of psychiatric services for the Medicaid enrollees in Maryland. We shall compare the results of the integrated care management for the study sample on the Eastern Shore with a control group from the counties of western Maryland.

The primary goal of the project will be to improve the coordination of medical, substance abuse and mental health services for a group of Medicaid beneficiaries with chronic medical conditions. We hypothesize that the recipients of integrated care management (on the Eastern Shore) will have lower total medical costs (pharmacy, inpatient and outpatient), higher utilization of mental health and substance abuse services and lower use of emergency department services than those who received customary care (in western Maryland).

The secondary goal of this project will be to assist in the further development and piloting of information systems within MHA that will facilitate sharing of clinical information necessary for the coordination of behavioral (mental health and substance abuse) and medical care management between a Medicaid MCO (JHHC's PPMCO) and the mental health carve-out ASO, MAPS-MD. The outcome measurement for the secondary objective will be the extent to which an information system for coordination of care and population based queries has been established within MHA and is, with proper oversight by MHA, accessible to responsible entities.

Significance. The project targets a vulnerable population within Medicaid enrollees that are challenged when accessing care and are responsible for high total medical costs. The results of the project should be helpful to other the MCOs in Maryland's Health Partners, as well as to states with similar Medicaid systems as they seek to provide integrated healthcare services to their populations.

  Eligibility

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Ages Eligible for Study:   21 Years to 65 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Sampling Method:   Probability Sample
Study Population
We determined the size of the quality improvement initiative sample by the case management resources available at JHHC. Without adding personnel, the maximum number of new cases that can be assumed by the 3.5 (FTE) JHHC case managers for the Eastern Shore is 130.
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. 21 years of age or older;
  2. Resident of one of the following Maryland counties: Caroline, Cecil, Kent, Queen Anne's, Talbot, Dorchester, Somerset, Wicomico, Worcester, Allegheny, Frederick, Garrett, Washington, Calvert, Charles, or St. Mary's; or
  3. Chronic medical condition(s) identified by ACG Case Mix software (e.g. an ACG score => 0.10) as likely to incur high costs in the following year; and
  4. Substance use problem in the past 27 months as indicated by an ICD-9 code or CPT code on DHMH list for Special Needs Population.

Exclusion Criterion.

1) Enrolled in or eligible for enrollment in a Special Needs disease management program at JHHC: HIV/AIDS, Partners with Mom, Omega Life. It is necessary to exclude these programs because PPMCO members are already receiving intensive care management.

  Contacts and Locations
Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT00399373


Locations
United States, Maryland
Johns Hopkins HealthCare LLC
Glen Burnie, Maryland, United States, 21060
Sponsors and Collaborators
Johns Hopkins University
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Peter J Fagan, PhD Johns Hopkins School of Medicine
  More Information

Responsible Party: Johns Hopkins University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00399373     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: NA_00001352
100326 (CHCS)
First Submitted: November 13, 2006
First Posted: November 14, 2006
Last Update Posted: December 7, 2017
Last Verified: December 2017

Keywords provided by Johns Hopkins University:
disease management
substance abuse

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Substance-Related Disorders
Mental Disorders
Problem Behavior
Chronic Disease
Chemically-Induced Disorders
Behavioral Symptoms
Disease Attributes
Pathologic Processes