Structuring the Integration of Care Management Services For Medicaid Enrollees Recipients With Chronic Illness, Substance Abuse Problems and Possible Psychiatric Disorders
|Study Design:||Observational Model: Natural History
Time Perspective: Longitudinal
Time Perspective: Retrospective/Prospective
|Official Title:||Structuring the Integration of Services For Medicaid Recipients With Chronic Illness, Substance Abuse Problems and Possible Psychiatric Disorders|
|Study Start Date:||November 2005|
|Estimated Study Completion Date:||January 2007|
Problem in context. In an environment of increased competition for governmental funding, Medicaid programs in every state are bracing for decreased resources being available for the care of their enrollees. A possible result of less funding is reduced quality of healthcare. In response to this threat, The Center for Health Care Strategies, Inc, (CHCS) a non-profit organization dedicated to improving the quality of publicly financed health care, issued an RFP for participation in a multisite project to expand or enhance existing efforts to improve the way care for Medicaid enrollees with multiple chronic conditions is delivered, integrated, measured and financed.
Present knowledge. While there is strong documentation of improved population health status with care management, the evidence for the immediate economic effects of care management initiatives is mixed for commercial and absent for Medicaid populations. CHCS is presently conducting a multisite study (in which we participate) of whether or not a business case (return on investment) can be made for quality improvement initiatives in a Medicaid population.
Research question. What is the effect of increased coordination of care on medical costs, treatment utilization and selected clinical indicators among a Medicaid population with chronic medical conditions and substance abuse problems? We shall address this question by conducting a demonstration project consisting of the provision of integrated care management (somatic and behavioral) to Medicaid enrollees living on the Eastern Shore of Maryland and who have both chronic medical conditions and problems with substance abuse. A specific component of the study will be the participation of Maryland’s Mental Health Administration (MHA) and MAPS, the administrator of psychiatric services for the Medicaid enrollees in Maryland. We shall compare the results of the integrated care management for the study sample on the Eastern Shore with a control group from the counties of western Maryland.
The primary goal of the project will be to improve the coordination of medical, substance abuse and mental health services for a group of Medicaid beneficiaries with chronic medical conditions. We hypothesize that the recipients of integrated care management (on the Eastern Shore) will have lower total medical costs (pharmacy, inpatient and outpatient), higher utilization of mental health and substance abuse services and lower use of emergency department services than those who received customary care (in western Maryland).
The secondary goal of this project will be to assist in the further development and piloting of information systems within MHA that will facilitate sharing of clinical information necessary for the coordination of behavioral (mental health and substance abuse) and medical care management between a Medicaid MCO (JHHC’s PPMCO) and the mental health carve-out ASO, MAPS-MD. The outcome measurement for the secondary objective will be the extent to which an information system for coordination of care and population based queries has been established within MHA and is, with proper oversight by MHA, accessible to responsible entities.
Significance. The project targets a vulnerable population within Medicaid enrollees that are challenged when accessing care and are responsible for high total medical costs. The results of the project should be helpful to other the MCOs in Maryland’s Health Partners, as well as to states with similar Medicaid systems as they seek to provide integrated healthcare services to their populations.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00399373
|United States, Maryland|
|Johns Hopkins HealthCare LLC|
|Glen Burnie, Maryland, United States, 21060|
|Principal Investigator:||Peter J Fagan, PhD||Johns Hopkins School of Medicine|