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Emergency Department Telephone Quitline

This study has been completed.
Information provided by:
Mayo Clinic Identifier:
First received: October 31, 2006
Last updated: January 19, 2010
Last verified: January 2010
The purpose of this preliminary study was to evaluate the intervention completion rate among cigarette smokers enrolled through the Emergency Department (ED) in a tobacco quitline (QL) and to assess the feasibility of a randomized controlled trial assessing the efficacy of this intervention.

Condition Intervention
Tobacco Dependence Behavioral: Telephone Quitline

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Telephone Quitline Intervention for Smoking Cessation Through the Emergency Department

Further study details as provided by Mayo Clinic:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • The primary outcome was completion of the QL intervention.

Estimated Enrollment: 40
Study Start Date: September 2003
Study Completion Date: April 2006
Primary Completion Date: April 2006 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Detailed Description:

This pilot study was a prospective, randomized, controlled, un-blinded study using a convenience sample of cigarettes smokers recruited through the ED.

Utilizing a computerized block randomization schedule, subjects were randomized in blocks of four to receive a proactive QL intervention through an established QL or a United States Public Health Service (USPHS) self-help manual. Proactive telephone counseling describes counseling that is initiated by a counselor rather than the subject. Both groups received strong advice to quit from study personnel.

Names and telephone numbers of patients randomized to the QL group were faxed to the QL which then initiated contact with the patient. Multiple contact attempts were made over the following week by telephone. Patients in the QL were instructed to call the QL if they had not been reached in one week. QL counseling involved an initial 45-minute telephone session followed by up to four 10 to 15 minute follow-up sessions around their identified quit date. QL patients not successfully contacted within one week of enrollment were sent a letter inviting them to call as well as information on strategies to help them quit.


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes

Inclusion Criteria:

  • We enrolled patients aged 18 or older who reported current daily cigarette smoking for at least one year and who indicated an interest in attempting to quit smoking.
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00394420

United States, Minnesota
Mayo Clinic
Rochester, Minnesota, United States, 55905
Sponsors and Collaborators
Mayo Clinic
Principal Investigator: Nicola E. Schiebel, M.D. Mayo Clinic
  More Information Identifier: NCT00394420     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 1321-03
Study First Received: October 31, 2006
Last Updated: January 19, 2010

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Tobacco Use Disorder
Disease Attributes
Pathologic Processes
Substance-Related Disorders
Chemically-Induced Disorders
Mental Disorders processed this record on September 21, 2017