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Sirolimus as Treatment of Steroid-Refractory or Steroid-Dependent Chronic Graft-Versus-Host Disease

This study has been completed.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Laura Johnston, Stanford University Identifier:
First received: October 12, 2006
Last updated: March 13, 2017
Last verified: March 2017
To study the effectiveness of an immunosuppressive drug sirolimus, in the treatment of chronic graft versus host disease in combination with prednisone.

Condition Intervention Phase
Graft vs Host Disease
Drug: Sirolimus
Drug: Prednisone
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: No masking
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase II Trial of Sirolimus as Treatment of Steroid-Refractory or Steroid-Dependent Chronic Graft-Versus-Host Disease

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by Stanford University:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Clinical Activity [ Time Frame: 3 month intervals after the initiation of sirolimus until 2 years after the initiation of sirolimus ]
    Determined by discontinuation of immunosuppression with resolution of all reversible CGVHD manifestations. Evaluated at 2 years after enrollment

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Overall Survival [ Time Frame: 3 month intervals after the initiation of sirolimus until 2 years after the initiation of sirolimus ]
    Administration of Sirolimus and Prednisone

Enrollment: 36
Study Start Date: November 2005
Study Completion Date: August 2012
Primary Completion Date: November 2010 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Sirolimus Therapy
Administration of Sirolimus and Prednisone
Drug: Sirolimus
Patients will receive sirolimus at 2 mg/day orally with monitoring of trough drug levels weekly for 2 weeks to achieve trough drug levels 7-12 ng/ml. Along with prednisone therapy.
Other Name: Rapamune
Drug: Prednisone
Prednisone therapy will remain at the dose the patient received at the time sirolimus was begun. Withdrawal of prednisone will began after first evidence of improvement of chronic GVHD.
Other Name: Deltasone

Detailed Description:
The purpose of this trial is to study the effectiveness of an immunosuppressive drug, sirolimus, in the treatment of chronic graft versus host disease in combination with prednisone. Graft versus host disease (GVHD) is a common complication in patients who have received blood or marrow transplantation from a related or unrelated donor. Chronic GVHD occurs approximately 100 days after transplantation and is the result of the donor immune system recognizing the patient's tissues as foreign and creating harmful effects on the patient's organs. We hope the use of sirolimus will decrease the significant disabling effects and deaths caused by chronic GVHD.

Ages Eligible for Study:   13 Years and older   (Child, Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Age ≥ 13 years
  • Weight ≥ 40 kg.
  • Biopsy or clinical presentation diagnostic of chronic GVHD >100 days following allogeneic bone marrow/peripheral blood/umbilical cord blood transplantation that has failed prior corticosteroid therapy or corticosteroid taper. In the event that histological confirmation poses undue risk, clinical evaluation is sufficient.
  • Women of child-bearing potential must have a negative pregnancy test before sirolimus administration and agree to use a medically acceptable contraceptive throughout the treatment period until 3 months after discontinuation of sirolimus.
  • Any woman becoming pregnant during the treatment period must discontinue the use of sirolimus.
  • Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) > 1000/mm³, unless receiving G-CSF to maintain neutrophil count > 500/mm³.
  • At the time of initiating sirolimus the cyclosporine trough level is recommended to be < 100 mg/dl and FK506 level is recommended to be < 5 mg/dl. FK506 or cyclosporine is to be discontinued soon after initiation of sirolimus.
  • Karnofsky performance score ≥ 50 during pre-study screening.
  • Written, signed, and dated informed consent

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Uncontrolled systemic infection
  • Unstable disease states (i.e., hepatic failure, ventilatory-dependent respiratory failure, etc.)
  • Serum creatinine ≥ 3.0 mg/dL
  • Platelet count ≤ 50,000/mm³
  • History of Post-transplant microangiopathic hemolytic anemia
  • Uncontrolled hyperlipidemia
  • Use of any investigational drug within 4 weeks of entry into the study
  • Use of methotrexate or antibody therapies within 24 hours of sirolimus administration
  • Inability to tolerate oral therapy for any reason
  • Evidence of infiltrate, cavitation, or consolidation on chest x-ray during pre-study screening
  • Known hypersensitivity to macrolide antibiotics
  Contacts and Locations
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Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00388362

United States, California
Stanford University School of Medicine
Stanford, California, United States, 94305
Sponsors and Collaborators
Stanford University
Principal Investigator: Laura Johnston Stanford University
  More Information

Responsible Party: Laura Johnston, Associate Professor of Medicine, Stanford University Identifier: NCT00388362     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: IRB-3587
96589 ( Other Identifier: Stanford University Alternate IRB Approval Number )
BMT175 ( Other Identifier: OnCore Number )
Study First Received: October 12, 2006
Results First Received: December 7, 2016
Last Updated: March 13, 2017
Individual Participant Data  
Plan to Share IPD: No

Keywords provided by Stanford University:

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Graft vs Host Disease
Immune System Diseases
Anti-Bacterial Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Antibiotics, Antineoplastic
Antineoplastic Agents
Antifungal Agents
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Anti-Inflammatory Agents
Hormones, Hormone Substitutes, and Hormone Antagonists
Antineoplastic Agents, Hormonal processed this record on May 23, 2017