Maintenance Azacitidine in Elderly Patients With Acute Myeloid Leukemia (AML) in CR After Induction Chemotherapy

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00387647
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : October 13, 2006
Results First Posted : June 30, 2014
Last Update Posted : August 22, 2014
Celgene Corporation
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute

Brief Summary:
The purpose of this study is to find out if patients older than 60, with acute myeloid leukemia, who are in complete remission following initial chemotherapy, will live longer and have a lower rate of leukemia relapse when treated with azacitidine.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Leukemia Drug: Azacitidine Phase 2

Detailed Description:
Patient activity will encompass approximately 48 months: an approximate 24 month enrollment period, followed by 6 to 12 months of patient treatment. Patients will be followed for 1 year following completion of study drug treatment. During follow-up, bone marrow biopsies to confirm disease status should be obtained if peripheral blood blasts are present or if there is development of unexpected blood abnormalities to warrant suspicion of relapse, or at a minimum of every 6 months.

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 24 participants
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Multicenter, Phase 2 Study of Maintenance Azacitidine in Elderly Patients With Acute Myeloid Leukemia in Complete Remission After Induction Chemotherapy
Study Start Date : August 2006
Actual Primary Completion Date : October 2013
Actual Study Completion Date : August 2014

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Azacitidine Treatment
Azacitidine 50 mg/m^2 subcutaneously daily for 5 days (Monday through Friday) on days 1 through 5, every 28 days for 6-12 cycles.
Drug: Azacitidine
Azacitidine given subcutaneously as outlined in treatment arm.
Other Name: Vidaza™

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Rate of Disease Free Survival at One Year [ Time Frame: 1 year ]
    The primary efficacy variable is disease free survival measured at one year, which is the percentage of patients who remain alive and disease free one year after the confirmation of remission by bone marrow biopsy. Relapse is defined by a bone marrow specimen with >5% blasts or the presence of Auer rods.

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Overall Survival (OS) [ Time Frame: 48 months ]
    The secondary efficacy variable is overall survival measured as time to death, which is the time from remission until death from any cause.

  2. Number of Participants With Adverse Events [ Time Frame: 48 months ]
    Safety and tolerability of treatment as measured by NCI Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) v3.0

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Ages Eligible for Study:   60 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Histologic or cytologic confirmation of AML with greater than 20% blasts in bone marrow. All AML subtypes of the World Health Organization (WHO) classification will be included with the exception of promyelocytic leukemia and cytogenetics showing the (15;17) translocation or AML secondary to chemotherapy.
  • Achieved first morphologic complete remission (CR) or first morphologic complete remission with incomplete platelet recovery (CRp) after completion of induction chemotherapy using a standard induction regimen. Up to 2 induction cycles will be allowed. Confirmation of CR is defined as < 5% blasts in the bone marrow specimen, with a count of at least 100-200 nucleated cells and absence of Auer rods, along with peripheral blood neutrophil count >1.0 x 10^9/L and platelet count >100 x 10^9/L. Confirmation of CRp is defined as <5% blasts in the bone marrow specimen, with a count of at least 100-200 nucleated cells and absence of Auer rods, with incomplete platelet recovery (ANC ≥ 1000/µL and platelets 50-99,000/µL, along with transfusion-independence of red blood cells).
  • Received up to 2 cycles of any consolidation chemotherapy
  • Have an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status ≤2
  • Normal organ function at the time of screening: Total bilirubin ≤1.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN); aspartic transaminase (AST) and alanine transaminase (ALT) ≤2.5 x ULN; Serum creatinine ≤1.5 x ULN or creatinine clearance >60 mL/min for patients with creatinine levels above ULN
  • Men must agree to avoid fathering a child throughout the study.
  • Be capable of giving informed consent and have signed the informed consent form (ICF)

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Greater than 12 weeks since initiation of most recent cycle of consolidation chemotherapy
  • Women of childbearing potential
  • Prior relapse after complete remission for AML
  • AML secondary to previous exposure to cytotoxic chemotherapy known to induce leukemia
  • Active malignancy other than AML
  • Any diagnosis of metastatic disease
  • Have hepatic tumors
  • Radiation therapy, chemotherapy, or cytotoxic therapy, given to treat conditions other than AML <4 weeks prior to Day 1 or have not recovered from adverse events due to agents administered >4 weeks earlier
  • Known leukemic involvement of the central nervous system
  • Known or suspected hypersensitivity to azacitidine or mannitol
  • Prior or active disease that, in the opinion of the Investigator, may interfere with the procedures or evaluations to be conducted in the study (uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to, ongoing or active infection, symptomatic congestive heart failure, unstable angina pectoris, cardiac arrhythmia, or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements)
  • Active viral infection with known human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) or viral hepatitis type B or C
  • Treatment with other investigational drugs within the 30 days prior to Day 1, or ongoing adverse events from previous treatment with investigational drugs, regardless of the time period
  • Any prior treatment with azacitidine or decitabine

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00387647

United States, Florida
H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute
Tampa, Florida, United States, 33612
United States, North Carolina
Duke University Medical Center
Durham, North Carolina, United States, 27710
Sponsors and Collaborators
H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute
Celgene Corporation
Principal Investigator: Jeffrey E. Lancet, M.D. H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute

Responsible Party: H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute Identifier: NCT00387647     History of Changes
Obsolete Identifiers: NCT00365664
Other Study ID Numbers: MCC-14496
First Posted: October 13, 2006    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: June 30, 2014
Last Update Posted: August 22, 2014
Last Verified: August 2014

Keywords provided by H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute:

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Leukemia, Myeloid
Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antineoplastic Agents
Enzyme Inhibitors