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Study of the Effects of Risperdal Consta on Brain Reward Circuitry Function, Craving and Cocaine Use in Active Cocaine Dependence

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00385801
First Posted: October 11, 2006
Last Update Posted: April 28, 2017
The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
Collaborator:
Janssen, LP
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
A. Eden Evins, Massachusetts General Hospital
  Purpose
The purpose of this study is to examine the effects of the administration of Risperidal-Consta on the brain's reward circuitry using Magnetic resonance Imaging (MRI), behavioral tests and measuring cocaine craving and use among people with active cocaine dependence.

Condition Intervention Phase
Cocaine Dependence Drug: Risperidone Drug: Placebo Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Triple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Study of the Effects of Risperdal Consta on Brain Reward Circuitry, Craving and Cocaine Use in Active Cocaine Dependence

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by A. Eden Evins, Massachusetts General Hospital:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Functional MRI Activation Patterns in the Nucleus Accumbens and Amygdala in Response to Cocaine Cues [ Time Frame: 12 weeks ]
    Measure of Dispersion/Precision not calculated, and raw data are no longer available

  • Cocaine Use by Quantitative Urine Samples [ Time Frame: 12 weeks ]
    After randomization, participants provided urine samples every week for the first 3 weeks and then every 2 weeks for 8 weeks, up to 7 samples per participant. The average visits with cocaine negative urine samples per participant are reported below


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Cocaine Craving [ Time Frame: 12 weeks ]
    The University of Minnesota Cocaine Craving Scale was performed to assess cocaine craving. The scale contains 1 continuous scale for intensity and 2 categorical scales for frequency and duration of craving episodes. The continuous scale for craving intensity ranges from 0 (no craving at all in the past week) to 10 (a great deal of craving in the past week)

  • Amygdala Volume by MRI [ Time Frame: 12 weeks ]
    Measure of Dispersion/Precision not calculated, and raw data are no longer available


Enrollment: 31
Study Start Date: September 2005
Study Completion Date: September 2010
Primary Completion Date: September 2010 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Placebo Comparator: Placebo
Identical placebo tablets and injections
Drug: Placebo
Active Comparator: risperidone consta
Risperidone 1-2 mg tablets and Risperidone 25 mg injections
Drug: Risperidone

  Eligibility

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 60 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Male
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • current cocaine dependence who use cocaine at least every 2 weeks
  • Non-treatment seekers who intend to continue using cocaine
  • Male 18-60 years of age
  • Potential participants must be literate in the English language, and be able to understand and complete rating scales and questionnaires accurately
  • Able to provide informed consent
  • Potential participants must be able to identify at least one "locator" person to assist in tracking the participant for follow-up assessments

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Other current substance dependence requiring immediate detoxification
  • Diagnosis of schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, current major depressive disorder
  • Currently suicidal or at high risk for suicide in the judgment of the investigator
  • Carrying a medical device incompatible with MRI (e.g., metal implants such as surgical clips or pacemakers and extensive dental work such as bridges) or suffering from significant claustrophobia that would make MRI unfeasible.
  • Size incompatible with MRI procedures
  • Serious medical illness including HIV-1 infection
  • Hepatitis C + titer with liver enzymes more than 2x normal or a Mini-Mental Status Exam Score of <25/30
  • Insulin dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM) or non- insulin dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM) and abnormal Hemoglobin A1C
  • Severe hepatic or renal impairment
  • History of seizure disorder, delirium, dementia, or mental disorders due to general medical conditions
  • History of head trauma or stroke with lasting neurological sequelae
  • Tardive dyskinesia, extrapyramidal movement disorder, Parkinson's Disease or history of Neuroleptic Malignant Syndrome
  • Clinical or laboratory evidence of uncontrolled hypothyroidism/hyperthyroidism
  • Orthostatic hypotension, defined as a decrease of at > 10 mm Hg in systolic blood pressure and/or an increase in heart rate of > 20 beats per minute, measured one minute following transition from a supine to a standing position.
  • History of allergy or hypersensitivity to Risperidone
  • Treatment with: Neuroleptics, Antidepressants, Antiarrhythmics, Carbamazepine, Phenytoin, Valproate, Rifampin, Phenobarbital, Levodopa and other dopamine agonists, Fluoxetine, Interferon, Propylthiouracil, Methimazole, Opiates.
  • Treatment within 30 days prior to screening with an investigational drug or medication with the potential to influence cocaine use outcomes
  Contacts and Locations
Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT00385801


Locations
United States, Massachusetts
MGH Addiction Research Program
Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02114
Sponsors and Collaborators
Massachusetts General Hospital
Janssen, LP
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Eden A Evins, MD MPH Massachusetts General Hospital
  More Information

Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
Responsible Party: A. Eden Evins, PI, Massachusetts General Hospital
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00385801     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: RIS-EMR-4021
First Submitted: October 6, 2006
First Posted: October 11, 2006
Results First Submitted: April 30, 2015
Results First Posted: April 28, 2017
Last Update Posted: April 28, 2017
Last Verified: March 2017

Keywords provided by A. Eden Evins, Massachusetts General Hospital:
cocaine
dependence
risperidal
MRI

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Cocaine-Related Disorders
Substance-Related Disorders
Chemically-Induced Disorders
Mental Disorders
Risperidone
Cocaine
Serotonin Antagonists
Serotonin Agents
Neurotransmitter Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Antipsychotic Agents
Tranquilizing Agents
Central Nervous System Depressants
Psychotropic Drugs
Dopamine Antagonists
Dopamine Agents
Anesthetics, Local
Anesthetics
Sensory System Agents
Peripheral Nervous System Agents
Vasoconstrictor Agents
Dopamine Uptake Inhibitors
Neurotransmitter Uptake Inhibitors
Membrane Transport Modulators