Low Dose Irradiation for Small Bowel Transplant

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00382486
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : September 29, 2006
Last Update Posted : December 17, 2007
Information provided by:
University of Pittsburgh

Brief Summary:
The specific aims of this study is to improve short and long-term patient and graft survival, to reduce the incidence and severity of allograft rejection, to reduce the incidence of infection and to reduce and/or eventually eliminate the need for long-term immunosuppression.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment
Irreversible Intestinal Failure Allograft Rejection Procedure: Reduce the risk of allograft rejection

Detailed Description:

The rationale behind this study involves the need to better manage rejection in the intestinal allograft recipient. Although tacrolimus based immunosuppression has made intestinal transplantation feasible, the requisite need for chronic high dose immunosuppression in order to control rejection has inhibited the wide spread clinical use and practicality of intestinal/multivisceral transplantation. The measures needed to prevent graft loss have frequently resulted in lethal infections, the leading cause of death. This trial is significant for determining if this new strategy of allograft immune-modulation with low dose ex-vivo irradiation and simultaneous done bone marrow cell infusion will favorably affect short and long term outcomes by reducing the risk of allograft rejection.

This trial is offered to all patients with irreversible intestinal failure who must undergo intestinal, combined liver-intestinal, and multivisceral transplantation at the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center. Patients are recruited through the referral system and no cold calling is carried out. Patient confidentiality is maintained by the use of codes to identify the study participants. All data is stored in a locked filing cabinets as a means to protect participants against a breach of confidentiality. This trial involves ex-vivo low dose irradiation of the intestinal allograft with or without adjunct donor bone marrow cell infusion. An intravenous bone marrow cell infusion is prepared form the thoracolumbar vertebral bodies harvested from cadaveric donors. Control subjects will be those who refuse to be enrolled in the study or those for whom donor bone marrow is not available. All patients will be treated perioperatively with thymoglobulin, a rabbit polyclonal anti-lymphocyte globulin at a dose of 5-10 mg/kg. Tacrolimus will be given in a standard fashion and from the outset as a single monotherapeutic agent to prevent early allograft rejection and promote graft acceptance. All patients will be monitored for rejection, graft function, opportunistic infections and GVHD. Surveillance endoscopy with guided mucosal biopsies will be obtained according to the standard protocol. Attention will be paid for any clinicopathologic changes suggestive of acute or chronic irradiation injuries.

The study closed for enrollment as of 9/30/03.

Study Type : Observational
Enrollment : 100 participants
Time Perspective: Prospective
Official Title: Low Dose Ex-Vivo X-Irradiation of the Allograft and Simultaneous Bone Marrow Cell Infusion to Enhance Intestinal/Multivisceral Allograft Survival
Study Start Date : July 2001
Actual Study Completion Date : September 2003

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   17 Years to 70 Years   (Child, Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • all patients between 17 and 70 who are diagnosed with intestinal failure awaiting intestinal/multivisceral transplant

Exclusion Criteria:

  • active systemic/abdominal infections
  • incurable malignancy
  • acquired immune deficiency syndrome
  • severe cardiopulmonary insufficiency
  • current alcoholism
  • pregnant female

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00382486

United States, Pennsylvania
University of Pittsburgh Medical Center
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States, 15213
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Pittsburgh
Principal Investigator: Kareem M Abu-Elmagd, MD University of Pittsburgh Identifier: NCT00382486     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 0311041
First Posted: September 29, 2006    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: December 17, 2007
Last Verified: December 2007

Keywords provided by University of Pittsburgh:
Intestinal transplant
Bone marrow
Irradiation of allograft