Mitochondrial Dysfunction in Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus and Capacity for Fat Oxidation During Exercise
The purpose of this study is to compare the effects of an 8-week aerobic training program upon fat oxidation in vivo and markers of skeletal muscle mitochondrial content and oxidative capacity in sedentary obese subjects with and without type 2 diabetes. We will also investigate if mitochondrial content in muscle predicts success of weight loss.
The specific aims are:
- To compare systemic fat oxidation rates;
- To measure mitochondrial content in muscle before and after aerobic training;
- To determine if decreased mitochondrial content is also associated with decreased mitochondrial oxidative capacity;
- To measure non-plasma fatty acid oxidation in vivo during submaximal exercise conditions both prior and after aerobic training;
- To determine whether increases in fat oxidation due to physical activity predict weight loss success when a reduced calorie diet is added to a physical activity program.
|Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 Overweight||Behavioral: Aerobic exercise program - 8 weeks|
|Study Design:||Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Basic Science
|Official Title:||Mitochondrial Dysfunction in Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus and Capacity for Fat Oxidation During Exercise|
- The degree of improvement in fat oxidation during submaximal exercise obtained by indirect calorimetry after subjects have completed an eight week aerobic exercise program. [ Time Frame: 8 weeks ]
- The degree of improvement in muscle mitochondrial content after eight week exercise program. [ Time Frame: 8 weeks ]
- The amount of improvement in muscle mitochondrial oxidative capacity after eight week exercise program. [ Time Frame: 8 weeks ]
- Increase in fat oxidation from non-plasma sources after the eight week intervention. [ Time Frame: 8 weeks ]
|Study Start Date:||September 2006|
|Study Completion Date:||December 2010|
|Primary Completion Date:||December 2010 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Behavioral: Aerobic exercise program - 8 weeks
No drugs. Regular aerobic exercise in structured prescription format
During prolonged moderate-intensity exercise, skeletal muscle gradually increases its metabolic reliance on fat oxidation. In healthy subjects, this adaptation is enhanced by aerobic training and is associated with increased mitochondrial capacity in muscle. Whether or not subjects with type-2 diabetes (T2DM) respond to exercise training with similar metabolic and mitochondrial adaptations is yet to be demonstrated. Skeletal muscle mitochondrial oxidative capacity has been shown to be deficient in T2DM, suggesting a compromised physiologic reserve that might have implications for the metabolic plasticity of muscle during exercise.
This study will test the hypothesis that fat oxidation rates during exercise are poorly responsive to training in T2DM, being correlated to the degree of muscle mitochondrial adaptation. The effects of a 16-week intervention (8 weeks of exercise intervention followed by 10-12 weeks of weight loss intervention) on systemic fat oxidation during exercise and mitochondrial capacity will be compared between 3 sedentary subject groups; 15 lean subjects, 15 overweight subjects with T2DM, and 15 overweight subjects without diabetes. The first aim is to compare the degree of improvement in fat oxidation during submaximal exercise obtained by indirect calorimetry. The second and third aims are, respectively, to compare the degree of improvement in mitochondrial content and oxidative capacity in muscle biopsy samples. The fourth aim is to determine whether fat oxidation from non-plasma sources is increased by the intervention. The final aim is to examine whether improvements in fat oxidation predict degree off success in a subsequent weight loss program.
The results of this study will be relevant to the understanding of the mechanisms by which exercise training confers metabolic improvements in T2DM. In addition, this study will address whether perturbations in mitochondria could explain why obese individuals with T2DM might have difficulty with fat disposal.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00382473
|United States, Pennsylvania|
|University of Pittsburgh, Montefiore Hospital|
|Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States, 15213|
|Principal Investigator:||Frederico G Toledo, MD||University of Pittsburgh|