Vaccine Therapy, Incomplete Freund's Adjuvant, and GM-CSF in Treating Patients With HIV
RATIONALE: Vaccines made from peptides may help the body build an effective immune response. Incomplete Freund's adjuvant may stimulate the immune system in different ways and may help the vaccine work better. Colony-stimulating factors, such as GM-CSF, may increase the number of immune cells found in bone marrow or peripheral blood. Giving vaccine therapy together with incomplete Freund's adjuvant and GM-CSF may be an effective treatment for patients with HIV.
PURPOSE: This clinical trial is studying how well giving vaccine therapy together with incomplete Freund's adjuvant and GM-CSF works in treating patients with HIV.
|Nonneoplastic Condition||Biological: E1M184V peptide vaccine Biological: incomplete Freund's adjuvant Biological: sargramostim Other: immunoenzyme technique||Phase 1|
|Study Design:||Primary Purpose: Treatment|
|Official Title:||A Pilot Study to Investigate the Safety and Immunogenicity of a Peptide Vaccine for HIV Infected HLA-A2 Individuals Designed to Impede the Development of Antiretroviral Resistance|
- Impact of treatment on immune response, in terms of the difference between cytotoxic T-lymphocyte effector frequency, as measured by enzyme-linked immunospot (ELISPOT) at baseline and at week 20
- Effects of treatment on viral load
- Sequencing of any resultant HIV strains
- CD4 counts for assessment of effects on HIV disease
|Study Start Date:||July 2006|
|Study Completion Date:||February 2011|
|Primary Completion Date:||February 2011 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
- Assess the safety of vaccination comprising E1M184V peptide with incomplete Freund's adjuvant in combination with sargramostim (GM-CSF) in patients with HIV who are HLA-A2 positive.
- Assess, preliminarily, the ability of E1M184V peptide vaccine to induce a cytotoxic T-cell response, defined by ELISPOT assay, in these patients.
- Explore, preliminarily, the effect of this regimen on HIV viral load and CD4 count in these patients.
- Explore, preliminarily, the development of lamivudine or emtricitabine resistance in patients who subsequently receive lamivudine or emtricitabine.
- Explore, preliminarily, the ability of E1M184V peptide vaccine to induce a cytotoxic T-cell response as assessed by HLA-A2 class I tetramers and intracellular interferon gamma production after stimulation with E1M184V.
OUTLINE: This is a pilot study.
Patients receive vaccination comprising E1M184V peptide and incomplete Freund's adjuvant subcutaneously (SC) on day 1 in weeks 0, 4, 8, 12, and 16. Patients also receive sargramostim (GM-CSF) SC immediately after vaccination and once daily on days 1-4. Some patients do not receive GM-CSF after the first 2 doses of vaccine. Treatment continues in the absence of unacceptable toxicity.
Patients undergo blood collection at baseline and at 4, 12, 20, 36, and 52 weeks for biomarker/laboratory analysis. Assays may include immunoenzyme techniques and viral genotyping.
After completion of study treatment, patients are followed periodically for up to 2 years.
PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 40 patients will be accrued for this study.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00381875
|United States, Maryland|
|Warren Grant Magnuson Clinical Center - NCI Clinical Trials Referral Office|
|Bethesda, Maryland, United States, 20892-1182|
|OverallOfficial:||Kathleen M. Wyvill, BSN, RN||NCI - HIV and AIDS Malignancy Branch|