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Stereotactic Radiation Therapy With or Without Whole-Brain Radiation Therapy in Treating Patients With Brain Metastases

This study is ongoing, but not recruiting participants.
Sponsor:
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00377156
First Posted: September 15, 2006
Last Update Posted: August 24, 2017
The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
Collaborator:
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Alliance for Clinical Trials in Oncology
  Purpose

RATIONALE: Stereotactic radiation therapy can send x-rays directly to the tumor and cause less damage to normal tissue. Radiation therapy uses high-energy x-rays to kill tumor cells. It is not yet known whether stereotactic radiation therapy is more effective with or without whole-brain radiation therapy in treating patients with brain metastases.

PURPOSE: This randomized phase III trial is studying stereotactic radiation therapy and whole-brain radiation therapy to see how well they work compared with stereotactic radiation therapy alone in treating patients with brain metastases.


Condition Intervention Phase
Breast Cancer Cognitive/Functional Effects Lung Cancer Metastatic Cancer Prostate Cancer Radiation: radiation therapy Radiation: stereotactic radiosurgery Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Phase III Randomized Trial of the Role of Whole Brain Radiation Therapy in Addition to Radiosurgery in Patients With One to Three Cerebral Metastases

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Alliance for Clinical Trials in Oncology:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Neurocognitive Progression as Measured by the Number of Participants With Cognitive Deterioration by 3 Months [ Time Frame: 3 months post radiosurgery ]
    The primary endpoint was cognitive deterioration (progression), defined as a decline of greater than 1 SD from baseline on at least 1 of 7 cognitive tests (all tests are standardized based on published norms and transformed so that higher values represent improved cognition) at the 3-month post-SRS evaluation. The number of participants who experienced cognitive deterioration by 3 months is reported for each arm below. For primary analysis of the 3-month cognitive deterioration endpoint, the Fisher exact 2-group binomial test was used to compare the proportion of evaluable patients with 3-month cognitive deterioration between the 2 groups.


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Number of Participants With Local and Distant Tumor Control up to 3 Months [ Time Frame: Up to 3 months ]
    Number of Participants with Local and Distant Tumor Control up to 3 months is defined as....

  • Overall Quality of Life, as Measured by Mean Change From Baseline [3 Month] [ Time Frame: From Baseline to 3-Month Evaluation ]
    Quality of Life was assessed using the Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy-Brain, for which the range is from 0 to 200 and higher scores indicate better QOL. The Quality of Life (QOL) scores were transformed to a 0- to 100-point scale (with 100 being most favorable), in which a 10-point change was considered clinically significant. Intergroup changes in QOL scores were compared using a 2-sample t test.

  • Long-Term Neurocognitive Status (Long-Term Cognitive Status), as Measured by Percentage of Long-term Survivors With Cognitive Deterioration at 12 Months [ Time Frame: From baseline to 12 months ]

    Long-Term Neurocognitive Status

    > To ascertain in patients with one to three brain metastases whether there is better long-term neurocognitive status in patients who receive SRS alone (Arm A) compared to patients who receive SRS combined with WBRT (Arm B). Long-term survival status is defined as evaluable patients who survived for at least 12 months and had at least one cognitive assessment on or after 365 days.


  • Overall Survival [ Time Frame: Up to 5 years ]
    Overall survival, defined as the time from randomization until death due to any cause, was compared between the groups using stratified log-rank tests.


Enrollment: 213
Study Start Date: July 2006
Primary Completion Date: October 2014 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Active Comparator: Arm I
Patients undergo stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS)
Radiation: stereotactic radiosurgery
Experimental: Arm II
Patients undergo SRS as in arm I. Within 14 days, patients then undergo whole-brain radiotherapy 5 days a week for 2.5 weeks.
Radiation: radiation therapy
Patients undergo radiation therapy 5 days a week for 2.5 weeks
Radiation: stereotactic radiosurgery

Detailed Description:

OBJECTIVES:

Primary

  • Compare the overall survival of patients with 1 to 3 cerebral metastases treated with stereotactic radiosurgery with vs without whole-brain radiotherapy.

Secondary

  • Compare time to CNS (brain) failure in patients treated with these regimens.
  • Compare quality of life, duration of functional independence, and long-term neurocognitive status of patients treated with these regimens.
  • Compare post-treatment toxicity in these patients.

OUTLINE: This is a randomized, multicenter study. Patients are stratified according to age (18 to 59 vs 60 and over), extracranial disease (controlled for ≤ 3 months vs controlled for > 3 months), and number of brain metastases (1 vs 2 vs 3). Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 treatment arms.

  • Arm I: Patients undergo stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS).
  • Arm II: Patients undergo SRS as in arm I. Within 14 days, patients then undergo whole-brain radiotherapy 5 days a week for 2.5 weeks.

Quality of life, functional independence, and neurocognitive status are assessed at baseline, at the beginning of each treatment, at weeks 6 and 12, and then at 6, 9, 12, 16, 24 , 36, 48, and 60 months.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 238 patients will be accrued for this protocol.

  Eligibility

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS:

  • Diagnosis of cerebral metastases meeting the following criteria:

    • One to three presumed brain metastases
    • Metastases must be from a histologically confirmed extracerebral site (e.g., lung, breast, prostate)

      • Histologic confirmation may have been from the primary tumor site, from another metastatic site (e.g., osseous metastasis, adrenal metastasis), or from the metastatic brain lesion(s)
    • Each lesion must measure less than 3.0 cm by contrast MRI of the brain performed within the past 21 days
    • Lesions must not be within 5 mm of the optic chiasm or within the brainstem
  • Eligibility for treatment with gamma knife or linear accelerator-based radiosurgery confirmed by a radiation oncologist
  • No primary germ cell tumor, small cell carcinoma, or lymphoma
  • No leptomeningeal metastases
  • Hormone receptor status not specified

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS:

  • Male or female
  • Menopausal status not specified
  • ECOG performance status 0-2
  • Not pregnant
  • Negative pregnancy test
  • Fertile patients must use effective contraception

    • Male patients must continue to use contraception for 3 months after the completion of radiotherapy
  • No pacemaker or other MRI-incompatible metal in the body
  • No known allergy to gadolinium

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY:

  • More than 7 days since prior and no concurrent chemotherapy
  • No prior cranial radiotherapy
  • No prior resection of cerebral metastases
  • Concurrent hormonal agents, steroids, and/or anticonvulsants allowed
  Contacts and Locations
Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT00377156


  Show 64 Study Locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
Alliance for Clinical Trials in Oncology
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Investigators
Study Chair: Paul D. Brown, MD Mayo Clinic
  More Information

Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
Responsible Party: Alliance for Clinical Trials in Oncology
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00377156     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: N0574
NCCTG-N0574
ACOSOG-N0574
CDR0000499633 ( Registry Identifier: PDQ (Physician Data Query) )
NCI-2009-00653 ( Registry Identifier: CTRP (Clinical Trials Reporting System) )
First Submitted: September 13, 2006
First Posted: September 15, 2006
Results First Submitted: February 27, 2017
Results First Posted: August 24, 2017
Last Update Posted: August 24, 2017
Last Verified: July 2017

Keywords provided by Alliance for Clinical Trials in Oncology:
cognitive/functional effects
tumors metastatic to brain
stage IV breast cancer
stage IV prostate cancer
stage IV non-small cell lung cancer
male breast cancer
recurrent breast cancer
recurrent prostate cancer
recurrent non-small cell lung cancer

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Breast Neoplasms
Lung Neoplasms
Prostatic Neoplasms
Neoplasm Metastasis
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplasms
Breast Diseases
Skin Diseases
Respiratory Tract Neoplasms
Thoracic Neoplasms
Lung Diseases
Respiratory Tract Diseases
Genital Neoplasms, Male
Urogenital Neoplasms
Genital Diseases, Male
Prostatic Diseases
Neoplastic Processes
Pathologic Processes