Music in Reducing Anxiety and Pain in Adult Patients Undergoing Bone Marrow Biopsy for Hematologic Cancers or Other Diseases
RATIONALE: Listening to relaxing music during a bone marrow biopsy may be effective in reducing anxiety and pain.
PURPOSE: This randomized clinical trial is studying how well music works in reducing anxiety and pain in adult patients undergoing bone marrow biopsy for hematologic cancers or other diseases.
Chronic Myeloproliferative Disorders
Multiple Myeloma and Plasma Cell Neoplasm
Psychosocial Effects of Cancer and Its Treatment
Procedure: music therapy
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Supportive Care
|Official Title:||Use of Music to Reduce Anxiety & Perceived Pain for Adult Patients With Hematological Malignancies Undergoing Bone Marrow Biopsy|
- State anxiety as measured by the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) questionnaire [ Time Frame: day 1 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
- Perceived pain level as measured by the Visual Analogue Scale [ Time Frame: day 1 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
- Patient satisfaction as measured by a post-procedure questionnaire [ Time Frame: day 1 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
|Study Start Date:||June 2006|
|Study Completion Date:||May 2010|
|Primary Completion Date:||May 2007 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
|No Intervention: usual care|
|Experimental: Music therapy||
Procedure: music therapy
music played for patient during bone marrow biopsy collection
- Determine the feasibility of using music as an intervention to reduce anxiety and perceived pain in adult patients who are undergoing bone marrow biopsy for hematologic cancers or other diseases.
- Compare differences in state anxiety and perceived pain level between patients treated with or without music intervention.
OUTLINE: This is a randomized, feasibility study. Patients are stratified according to the practitioner performing the procedure. Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 treatment arms.
- Arm I (music intervention): Patients complete baseline questionnaires that measure anxiety and anticipated pain prior to bone marrow biopsy (BMB). Patients also provide demographic and clinical information, including pre-procedure medications and previous BMB experience. Patients then choose from music compact discs with various types of relaxing music (e.g., classical, country, soft rock, and R&B) and listen to the music through headphones during the bone marrow biopsy for approximately 30 minutes. After the biopsy, patients complete questionnaires that measure their response to the music, in terms of anxiety and perceived pain experienced during the procedure, and their overall level of satisfaction.
- Arm II (usual care [control]): Patients complete pre-procedure questionnaires, as in arm I, and undergo BMB without music intervention. Post-procedure questionnaires assess patient response to BMB in the absence of music and their level of satisfaction with the procedure.
PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 60 patients will be accrued for this study.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00376922
|United States, North Carolina|
|Wake Forest University Comprehensive Cancer Center|
|Winston-Salem, North Carolina, United States, 27157|
|Principal Investigator:||Suzanne C. Danhauer, PhD||Wake Forest University Health Sciences|