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Effect of Baclofen on Marijuana Withdrawal and Relapse

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00373295
First Posted: September 8, 2006
Last Update Posted: May 10, 2017
The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
Collaborator:
National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
New York State Psychiatric Institute
  Purpose
The purpose of this study is to determine if baclofen dose-dependently decreases marijuana's direct effects and symptoms of marijuana withdrawal and thus decreases marijuana relapse.

Condition Intervention Phase
Marijuana Dependence Drug: Baclofen Drug: Marijuana Drug: Placebo Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment
Masking: Double (Participant, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Basic Science
Official Title: Effect of Baclofen on Marijuana Withdrawal and Relapse

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by New York State Psychiatric Institute:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Measure of Relapse: Change in Money Spent Between Baseline and Relapse Phase [ Time Frame: Days 1-3 (Baseline) and Days 6-8 (Relapse Phase) ]

    This is a measure of marijuana self-administration and relapse since each initial puff costs $7 and is a burden to overcome just to smoke.

    Over each 3 day period, the puffs chosen by each participant is averaged for a single value.



Enrollment: 13
Study Start Date: May 2006
Study Completion Date: January 2010
Primary Completion Date: January 2008 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Baclofen 60 mg, Placebo, Baclofen 90 mg

Baclofen (60mg/day or 90 mg/day): Packaged medication in size 00 opaque capsules with riboflavin filler. Study capsules (0, 20, 30mg) were administered 3 times per day (0900, 1530, 2200).

Marijuana: Participants each received a single marijuana cigarette (provided by the National Institute on Drug Abuse) at each smoking occasion. Marijuana cigarettes were stored frozen in an airtight container and humidified at room temperature for 24 h prior to use.

Drug: Baclofen
Baclofen (60mg/day or 90 mg/day): Packaged medication in size 00 opaque capsules with riboflavin filler. Study capsules (0, 20, 30mg) were administered 3 times per day (0900, 1530, 2200).
Other Name: Lioresal
Drug: Marijuana
Marijuana: Participants each received a single marijuana cigarette (provided by the National Institute on Drug Abuse) at each smoking occasion. Marijuana cigarettes were stored frozen in an airtight container and humidified at room temperature for 24 h prior to use.
Other Name: cannabis
Drug: Placebo
Experimental: Baclofen 90 mg, Placebo, Baclofen 60 mg

Baclofen (60mg/day or 90 mg/day): Packaged medication in size 00 opaque capsules with riboflavin filler. Study capsules (0, 20, 30mg) were administered 3 times per day (0900, 1530, 2200).

Marijuana: Participants each received a single marijuana cigarette (provided by the National Institute on Drug Abuse) at each smoking occasion. Marijuana cigarettes were stored frozen in an airtight container and humidified at room temperature for 24 h prior to use.

Drug: Baclofen
Baclofen (60mg/day or 90 mg/day): Packaged medication in size 00 opaque capsules with riboflavin filler. Study capsules (0, 20, 30mg) were administered 3 times per day (0900, 1530, 2200).
Other Name: Lioresal
Drug: Marijuana
Marijuana: Participants each received a single marijuana cigarette (provided by the National Institute on Drug Abuse) at each smoking occasion. Marijuana cigarettes were stored frozen in an airtight container and humidified at room temperature for 24 h prior to use.
Other Name: cannabis
Drug: Placebo
Experimental: Baclofen 60 mg, Baclofen 90 mg, Placebo

Baclofen (60mg/day or 90 mg/day): Packaged medication in size 00 opaque capsules with riboflavin filler. Study capsules (0, 20, 30mg) were administered 3 times per day (0900, 1530, 2200).

Marijuana: Participants each received a single marijuana cigarette (provided by the National Institute on Drug Abuse) at each smoking occasion. Marijuana cigarettes were stored frozen in an airtight container and humidified at room temperature for 24 h prior to use.

Drug: Baclofen
Baclofen (60mg/day or 90 mg/day): Packaged medication in size 00 opaque capsules with riboflavin filler. Study capsules (0, 20, 30mg) were administered 3 times per day (0900, 1530, 2200).
Other Name: Lioresal
Drug: Marijuana
Marijuana: Participants each received a single marijuana cigarette (provided by the National Institute on Drug Abuse) at each smoking occasion. Marijuana cigarettes were stored frozen in an airtight container and humidified at room temperature for 24 h prior to use.
Other Name: cannabis
Drug: Placebo
Experimental: Baclofen 90 mg, Baclofen 60 mg, Placebo

Baclofen (60mg/day or 90 mg/day): Packaged medication in size 00 opaque capsules with riboflavin filler. Study capsules (0, 20, 30mg) were administered 3 times per day (0900, 1530, 2200).

Marijuana: Participants each received a single marijuana cigarette (provided by the National Institute on Drug Abuse) at each smoking occasion. Marijuana cigarettes were stored frozen in an airtight container and humidified at room temperature for 24 h prior to use.

Drug: Baclofen
Baclofen (60mg/day or 90 mg/day): Packaged medication in size 00 opaque capsules with riboflavin filler. Study capsules (0, 20, 30mg) were administered 3 times per day (0900, 1530, 2200).
Other Name: Lioresal
Drug: Marijuana
Marijuana: Participants each received a single marijuana cigarette (provided by the National Institute on Drug Abuse) at each smoking occasion. Marijuana cigarettes were stored frozen in an airtight container and humidified at room temperature for 24 h prior to use.
Other Name: cannabis
Drug: Placebo
Experimental: Placebo, Baclofen 90 mg, Baclofen 60 mg

Baclofen (60mg/day or 90 mg/day): Packaged medication in size 00 opaque capsules with riboflavin filler. Study capsules (0, 20, 30mg) were administered 3 times per day (0900, 1530, 2200).

Marijuana: Participants each received a single marijuana cigarette (provided by the National Institute on Drug Abuse) at each smoking occasion. Marijuana cigarettes were stored frozen in an airtight container and humidified at room temperature for 24 h prior to use.

Drug: Baclofen
Baclofen (60mg/day or 90 mg/day): Packaged medication in size 00 opaque capsules with riboflavin filler. Study capsules (0, 20, 30mg) were administered 3 times per day (0900, 1530, 2200).
Other Name: Lioresal
Drug: Marijuana
Marijuana: Participants each received a single marijuana cigarette (provided by the National Institute on Drug Abuse) at each smoking occasion. Marijuana cigarettes were stored frozen in an airtight container and humidified at room temperature for 24 h prior to use.
Other Name: cannabis
Drug: Placebo
Experimental: Placebo, Baclofen 60 mg, Baclofen 90 mg

Baclofen (60mg/day or 90 mg/day): Packaged medication in size 00 opaque capsules with riboflavin filler. Study capsules (0, 20, 30mg) were administered 3 times per day (0900, 1530, 2200).

Marijuana: Participants each received a single marijuana cigarette (provided by the National Institute on Drug Abuse) at each smoking occasion. Marijuana cigarettes were stored frozen in an airtight container and humidified at room temperature for 24 h prior to use.

Drug: Baclofen
Baclofen (60mg/day or 90 mg/day): Packaged medication in size 00 opaque capsules with riboflavin filler. Study capsules (0, 20, 30mg) were administered 3 times per day (0900, 1530, 2200).
Other Name: Lioresal
Drug: Marijuana
Marijuana: Participants each received a single marijuana cigarette (provided by the National Institute on Drug Abuse) at each smoking occasion. Marijuana cigarettes were stored frozen in an airtight container and humidified at room temperature for 24 h prior to use.
Other Name: cannabis
Drug: Placebo

Detailed Description:
Only a small percentage of dependent-marijuana smokers who are seeking treatment for their marijuana use are able to achieve sustained abstinence. The objective of this study is to investigate the interaction between marijuana and the potential treatment medication, baclofen, with the direct goal of using this information to improve marijuana treatment outcome. GABAB agonists such as baclofen have been shown to attenuate the self-administration of cocaine, heroin, alcohol and nicotine (see Cousins et al., 2002; Haney et al., 2006). Baclofen also appears to decrease withdrawal symptoms in heroin and alcohol abusers (Akhondzadeh et al., 2000; Addolorato et al., 2000). The purpose of this study is to determine if baclofen dose-dependently decreases marijuana's direct effects and symptoms of marijuana withdrawal and thus decreases marijuana relapse in our laboratory model. For the purposes of this model, relapse is defined as a return to marijuana use after a period of abstinence. The study will utilize an inpatient/outpatient, counter-balanced design, with each participant maintained on each of three medication conditions for 16 days: placebo and baclofen (60, 90 mg/day). Participants will begin taking capsules during the outpatient phase so that the dose can be incremented up to the maintenance dose prior to the first inpatient day. Further, clinical studies have shown that baclofen is most effective at decreasing cocaine's effects when administered for several weeks. During the inpatient study phases, participants will have the opportunity to self-administer placebo or active marijuana 6 times per day. This study will provide important information of the effect of baclofen as a potential treatment medication for marijuana dependence.
  Eligibility

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


Ages Eligible for Study:   21 Years to 45 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Current marijuana use: average of 3 marijuana cigarettes at least 4 times per week for the past 4 weeks
  • Able to perform study procedures
  • 21-45 years of age
  • Women practicing an effective form of birth control (condoms, diaphragm, birth control pill, IUD)

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Current, repeated illicit drug use (other than marijuana)
  • Presence of significant medical illness(e.g., diabetes, cardiovascular disease, hypertension, examination, laboratory clinically significant laboratory abnormalities)
  • History of heart disease
  • Request for drug treatment
  • Current parole or probation
  • Pregnancy or current lactation
  • Recent history of significant violent behavior
  • Major current Axis I psychopathology(e.g., major depressive disorder, bipolar disorder, suicide risk, schizophrenia)
  • Current use of any prescription or over-the-counter medication
  Contacts and Locations
Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT00373295


Locations
United States, New York
New York State Psychiatric Institute
New York, New York, United States, 10032
Sponsors and Collaborators
New York State Psychiatric Institute
National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA)
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Margaret Haney, Ph.D. New York State Psychiatric Institute
  More Information

Publications:
Responsible Party: New York State Psychiatric Institute
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00373295     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 5232
5P50DA009236 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
First Submitted: September 7, 2006
First Posted: September 8, 2006
Results First Submitted: October 20, 2016
Results First Posted: May 10, 2017
Last Update Posted: May 10, 2017
Last Verified: March 2017

Keywords provided by New York State Psychiatric Institute:
Baclofen
Marijuana Dependence
Marijuana Withdrawal

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Marijuana Abuse
Substance-Related Disorders
Chemically-Induced Disorders
Mental Disorders
Riboflavin
Vitamin B Complex
Vitamins
Micronutrients
Growth Substances
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Photosensitizing Agents
Dermatologic Agents


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