Noradrenalin vs Terlipressin in Hepatorenal Syndrome

This study has been completed.
Information provided by:
University of Turin, Italy Identifier:
First received: August 30, 2006
Last updated: April 9, 2008
Last verified: April 2008
The purpose of this study is to determine whether noradrenalin is as effective and safe as terlipressin in the treatment of hepatorenal syndrome

Condition Intervention Phase
Hepatorenal Syndrome
Drug: Terlipressin
Drug: Noradrenalin
Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Noradrenalin vs Terlipressin in Patients With Hepatorenal Syndrome.A Prospective, Randomized Study

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by University of Turin, Italy:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Renal function at the beginning and at the end of therapy [ Time Frame: two weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Circulatory function [ Time Frame: two weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Enrollment: 20
Study Start Date: September 2006
Study Completion Date: September 2007
Primary Completion Date: September 2007 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Active Comparator: 2
Drug: Terlipressin
1mg/4 h per day
Experimental: 1
Drug: Noradrenalin
0,1 mcg/kg/min

Detailed Description:
Hepatorenal syndrome (HRS) is a major complication of cirrhosis; it is characterized by functional renal failure and poor prognosis. Arterial dilation is a key pathogenic event of HRS, leading to reduction of the effective blood volume, homeostatic activation of vasoactive systems and renal vasoconstriction with decrease in renal blood flow. The clinical signs of HRS vary depending on the clinical pattern. HRS type 1 is characterized by a rapidly progressive renal failure; HRS type 2 by a moderate and more stable renal failure. HRS type 1 has a very poor short term prognosis, with a median survival of only about 2 weeks; patients with HRS type 2 have a median survival of about 6 months. The management of HRS still constitutes a major challenge. Liver transplantation is the ideal treatment, but it has important inherent drawbacks, such as the organ shortage and the time needed to perform the transplant, that is too long to consent the survival of these patients. The management of HRS has focused on improving renal function, thus extending patients survival and allowing the performance of the liver transplant. In the last years, remarkable results have been obtained using vasoconstrictor drugs. By improving the effective blood volume, vasoconstrictors induce the suppression of homeostatic vasoactive systems and increase renal blood flow and glomerular filtration rate.Among vasoconstrictors, terlipressin, a V1 vasopressin agonist, has currently the best efficacy pedigree. However, it is expensive and is not available in many countries, including North America. More recently, it was suggested that alpha-adrenergic drugs such noradrenalin and midodrine may be also effective in HRS. Noradrenalin would have the potential advantage of wider availability and of lower cost. The current prospective randomized study was undertaken to assess the efficacy and safety of noradrenalin vs terlipressin in patients with HRS.

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 75 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Hepatorenal syndrome
  • Age: 18-75 years
  • Informed written consent

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Multinodular hepatocellular carcinoma (more than 3 nodules)
  • Portal vein thrombosis
  • Ongoing bacterial infection
  • Ongoing or recent (less than one week) bleeding
  • Cardio-pulmonary failure
  • Coronary artery disease
  • Peripheral artery disease
  • Arterial hypertension
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Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00370253

San Giovanni Battista Hospital
Turin, Italy, 10126
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Turin, Italy
Study Director: Mario Rizzetto, MD Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, San Giovanni Battista Hospital, Turin, Italy
  More Information

Publications automatically indexed to this study by Identifier (NCT Number):
Responsible Party: Mario Rizzetto, University of Turin Identifier: NCT00370253     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: NA-TER 
Study First Received: August 30, 2006
Last Updated: April 9, 2008
Health Authority: Italy: Ministry of Health

Keywords provided by University of Turin, Italy:
hepatorenal syndrome
portal hypertension

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Hepatorenal Syndrome
Digestive System Diseases
Kidney Diseases
Liver Diseases
Pathologic Processes
Urologic Diseases
Adrenergic Agents
Adrenergic Agonists
Adrenergic alpha-Agonists
Antidiuretic Agents
Antihypertensive Agents
Autonomic Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Natriuretic Agents
Neurotransmitter Agents
Peripheral Nervous System Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Vasoconstrictor Agents processed this record on May 26, 2016