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Rosiglitazone Maleate in Treating Patients With Oral Leukoplakia

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00369174
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : August 29, 2006
Last Update Posted : February 13, 2013
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Cancer Institute (NCI)

Brief Summary:
This phase II trial is studying how well rosiglitazone works in preventing oral cancer in patients with oral leukoplakia. Chemoprevention is the use of certain drugs to keep cancer from forming, growing, or coming back. The use of rosiglitazone may keep cancer from forming in patients with oral leukoplakia

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Oral Leukoplakia Drug: rosiglitazone maleate Other: laboratory biomarker analysis Phase 2

Detailed Description:


I. To determine the rate of clinical response of oral premalignant lesions (OPL) to 12 weeks of therapy with rosiglitazone (Avandia), 8 mg daily, defined as greater than or equal to 50% reduction in the measured product of perpendicular dimension of the target lesion, or improvement in the degree of dysplasia.


I. To determine the rate and degree of change of putative biomarkers of rosiglitazone efficacy including:

COX-2, cyclin D1, Ki-67, p21/waf1, PPAR gamma, K1 cytokeratin, involucrin, transglutaminase expressions, and TUNEL.

II. To estimate the correlation between DNA ploidy measurements in OPL with clinical response and or response of biomarkers to rosiglitazone therapy, and to estimate the efficacy of rosiglitazone therapy to normalize aberrant DNA ploidy in OPL.

III. To thoroughly assess smoking patterns among trial participants and to examine the relationship of smoking to treatment response.

IV. To assess the safety of this agent in short-term use in this population.

OUTLINE: This is a multicenter, open-label, nonrandomized study.

Patients receive oral rosiglitazone once daily. Treatment continues for 12 weeks in the absence of unacceptable toxicity.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed at 1 week.

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 25 participants
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: Phase IIA Trial of Rosiglitazone (Avandia) for Oral Leukoplakia
Study Start Date : June 2006
Primary Completion Date : August 2007

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Treatment (rosiglitazone maleate)
Patients receive oral rosiglitazone once daily. Treatment continues for 12 weeks in the absence of unacceptable toxicity.
Drug: rosiglitazone maleate
Given orally
Other Names:
  • Avandia
  • BRL49653
  • ROS
Other: laboratory biomarker analysis
Correlative studies

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Proportion of subjects who show complete or partial response in either clinical or histological outcomes [ Time Frame: 12 weeks ]
    Estimated together with 95% confidence interval. The confidence interval will be constructed using exact binomial confidence intervals (rather than the normal approximation).

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Tissue expressions of COX-2, cyclin D1, Ki-67, p21/waf1, PPAR gamma, K1 cytokeratin, involucrin, and transglutaminase, and tissues levels of apoptosis (assessed using TUNEL) [ Time Frame: 12 weeks ]
    Summarized at each time point using summary statistics such as the mean, median, and range. The changes in levels of these biomarkers will also be explored with similar summary statistics and with graphical methods as well.

  2. Tissue DNA ploidy [ Time Frame: 12 weeks ]
  3. Smoking and alcohol use [ Time Frame: Up to 12 weeks ]
    Assessed descriptively. Fisher's exact test may be used to assess whether there is a significant association between smoking status and efficacy of rosiglitazone.

  4. Adverse events defined as any untoward medical occurrence in a study participant, graded using the NCI CTCAE version 3.0 [ Time Frame: Up to 12 weeks ]
    Descriptively summarized in tabular form.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Males or females with a suspected or histologically confirmed index oral premalignant lesion (excluding carcinoma in situ), 12mm or greater in size that has not been biopsied in the past 6 weeks; each index lesion must be either a:

    • dysplastic measurable leukoplakia or erythroplakia in the oral cavity or accessible oropharynx, or
    • hyperplastic leukoplakia of high-risk sites, lateral and ventral tongue and floor of mouth
  • The subject's life expectancy is > 12 weeks and Karnofsky performance score is 70-100%
  • Hemoglobin and hematocrit levels above the lower limit of normal
  • White blood cells >= 3,000/uL
  • Platelets >= 125,000/uL
  • Total bilirubin =< 1.5 x ULN
  • AST (SGOT)/ALT (SGPT) =< 1.5 x ULN
  • BUN and serum creatinine =< 1.5 x ULN
  • LDH =< 1.5 x ULN
  • If the subject is female and of childbearing potential (women are considered not of childbearing potential if they are at least two years postmenopausal and/or surgically sterile), she:

    • has been using adequate contraception (abstinence, IUD, birth control pills, or spermicidal gel with diaphragm or condom) since her last menses and will use adequate contraception during the study, AND
    • is not lactating, AND
    • has a documented negative serum pregnancy test within 14 days prior to randomization
  • The subject has discontinued any other oral cancer chemopreventive therapy at least 12 weeks prior to the Baseline visit and all toxicities have been fully resolved; daily aspirin is permitted
  • The subject is willing and able to fully participate for the duration of the study
  • If applicable, the subject has been counseled on smoking cessation
  • The effects of rosiglitazone (Avandia) on the developing human fetus at the recommended therapeutic dose are unknown; for this reason, and because rosiglitazone has been associated with fetal death and growth retardation in rats and rabbits and placental pathology in rats, women of child-bearing potential must agree to use adequate contraception (hormonal or barrier method of birth control; abstinence) prior to study entry and for the duration of study participation; should a woman become pregnant or suspect she is pregnant while participating in this study, she should inform her study physician immediately and will be removed from the trial
  • Ability to understand and the willingness to sign a written informed consent document
  • The subject is of New York Heart Association (NYHA) Class 1 to 4 cardiac status

Exclusion Criteria:

  • The subject has active cancer or carcinoma in situ of the head and neck
  • The subject has a contraindication to biopsy
  • The subject has any history of congestive heart failure, any history of myocardial infarction, angina, or coronary artery disease within the past 6 months, or active cardiac disease
  • The subject exhibits clinical evidence of active liver disease, history of chronic liver disease or edema
  • The subject currently receives insulin, sulfonylurea or metformin (doses of rosiglitazone greater than 4 mg daily in combination with these therapies are not currently indicated; because this protocol uses the maximum recommended dose of 8 mg daily, subjects on insulin, sulfonylurea or metformin will be ineligible for participation in this trial); the subject is currently receiving thiazolidinediones; the subject is a diabetic not on treatment or hyperglycemic (has a random blood glucose level > 200 mg/dl); the subject has diabetic macular edema
  • The subject is currently receiving medical therapy for dysregulated blood sugar
  • The subject has experienced jaundice with Rezulin® (troglitazone)
  • The subject has known hypersensitivity to rosiglitazone, Avandia, or any of its components
  • The subject has a history of colorectal cancer, familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP) or hereditary non-polyposis colorectal cancer (HNPCC)
  • The subject has a history of invasive cancer within the past 18 months (excluding non-invasive bladder cancer, non-melanoma skin cancer and in situ cervical cancer); subjects (excluding those with a history of colorectal cancer, FAP or HNPCC) who received curative treatment and have shown no evidence of recurrence for 18 months will be eligible
  • The subject has had chemotherapy, immunotherapy, hormonal therapy (other than HRT for menopause), or radiation therapy within 18 months of the Baseline visit
  • The subject will need concurrent chemotherapy, radiotherapy, hormonal (other than HRT for menopause), or immunotherapy during the time of study
  • The subject has received any investigational medication within 30 days of the Baseline visit or is scheduled to receive an investigational drug during the course of the study
  • The subject participated in the study previously and was withdrawn
  • The subject is pregnant or nursing
  • Subjects who have had the study drug prior to this study
  • The subject has uncontrolled intercurrent illness including: ongoing or active infection, HIV, symptomatic congestive heart failure, unstable angina pectoris, cardiac arrhythmia, or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT00369174

United States, New York
Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center
New York, New York, United States, 10065
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Principal Investigator: Jay Boyle Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center

Responsible Party: National Cancer Institute (NCI)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00369174     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: NCI-2012-02968
N01CN35159 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
P30CA008748 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
P30CA016672 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
First Posted: August 29, 2006    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: February 13, 2013
Last Verified: January 2013

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Leukoplakia, Oral
Precancerous Conditions
Pathological Conditions, Anatomical
Mouth Neoplasms
Head and Neck Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Mouth Diseases
Stomatognathic Diseases
Maleic acid
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Hypoglycemic Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs