Phase I-II Study of Vorinostat, Paclitaxel, and Bevacizumab in Metastatic Breast Cancer

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00368875
First received: August 24, 2006
Last updated: October 6, 2015
Last verified: March 2014
  Purpose
This phase I/II trial is studying the side effects and best dose of vorinostat when given together with paclitaxel and bevacizumab and to see how well they work in treating patients with metastatic breast cancer and/or breast cancer that has recurred in the chest wall and cannot be removed by surgery. Vorinostat may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as paclitaxel, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells or by stopping them from dividing. Monoclonal antibodies, such as bevacizumab, can block tumor growth in different ways. Some find tumor cells and kill them or carry tumor-killing substances to them. Others interfere with the ability of tumor cells to grow and spread. Bevacizumab may also stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking blood flow to the tumor. Giving vorinostat together with paclitaxel and bevacizumab may kill more tumor cells.

Condition Intervention Phase
Male Breast Cancer
Stage IIIB Breast Cancer
Stage IIIC Breast Cancer
Stage IV Breast Cancer
Drug: vorinostat
Drug: paclitaxel
Biological: bevacizumab
Phase 1
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Endpoint Classification: Safety Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Phase I/II Study of a Combination of Suberoylanilide Hydroxamic Acid (Vorinostat) Plus Paclitaxel and Bevacizumab in Patients With Advanced Metastatic and/or Local Chest Wall Recurrent Breast Cancer

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by National Cancer Institute (NCI):

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Recommended Phase II Dose as Assessed by NCI Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) Version 3.0 (Phase I) [ Time Frame: 28 days ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    Dose-limiting toxcities (DLT) were defined as grade 3-4 febrile neutropenia, thrombocytopenia and non-hemtological toxicity attributed to therapy (nausea, vomiting and diarrhea would be considered dose limiting only if not adequately controlled with therapy). Any toxicity occurring during cycle 1 that resulted in dose reduction of vorinostat or paclitaxel or failure to complete all protocol specificed doses in the first cycle was also considered a DLT

  • Objective Response Rate (CR + PR) [ Time Frame: Up to 12 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Estimated and a 95% confidence interval will be estimated via binomial proportions. Per Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) for target lesions and assessed by CT scan: Complete response (CR): Disappearance of all target lesions; Partial Response (PR): >=30% decrease in the sum of the longest diameter of target lesions; Overall Response (OR) = CR+PR.


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Progression-free Survival (PFS), [ Time Frame: From first treatment day until objective or symptomatic progression, assessed up to 12 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Assessed by Kaplan-Meier survival analysis and 95% confidence intervals will be calculated using Greenwood's formulae.

  • Time to Treatment Failure (TTF) [ Time Frame: Time from the first treatment day until disease progression or discontinuation of treatment due to toxicity, assessed up to 12 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Assessed by Kaplan-Meier survival analysis and 95% confidence intervals will be calculated using Greenwood's formulae. Time to treatment failure was not reported for this study.

  • Overall Survival(OS) [ Time Frame: Time from first treatment day until death, assessed up to 12 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Assessed by Kaplan-Meier survival analysis and 95% confidence intervals will be calculated using Greenwood's formulae.


Enrollment: 54
Study Start Date: July 2006
Study Completion Date: December 2011
Primary Completion Date: December 2011 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: vorinostat, paclitaxel, bevacizumab
Vorinostat BID on days 1-3, 8-10, and 15-17, paclitaxel IV over 1 hour on days 2, 9, and 16, bevacizumab IV over 30-90 minutes on days 2 and 16, repeat every 28 days.
Drug: vorinostat
Given orally
Other Names:
  • L-001079038
  • SAHA
  • suberoylanilide hydroxamic acid
  • Zolinza
Drug: paclitaxel
Given IV
Other Names:
  • Anzatax
  • Asotax
  • TAX
  • Taxol
Biological: bevacizumab
Given IV
Other Names:
  • anti-VEGF humanized monoclonal antibody
  • anti-VEGF monoclonal antibody
  • Avastin
  • rhuMAb VEGF

Detailed Description:

PRiMARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To determine the recommended phase II dose of oral suberoylanilide hydroxamic acid (vorinostat) in combination with weekly paclitaxel and bevacizumab in patients with chest wall recurrent or metastatic breast cancer. (Phase I) II. To determine the efficacy (response rate, response duration, time to disease progression, time to treatment failure, and overall survival) and toxicity of oral suberoylanilide hydroxamic acid (vorinostat) in combination with weekly paclitaxel and bevacizumab in patients with chest wall recurrent or metastatic breast cancer. (Phase II)

SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To determine whether in vivo treatment with vorinostat induces a) acetylation of proteins including histone H3 and H4, b) ubiquitylation of proteins, and c) the levels of p21 and p27 levels in the peripheral blood mononuclear cells (pre treatment vs. cycle 1 day 2 after 3 VORINOSTAT doses but prior to paclitaxel.

II. To determine whether in vivo treatment with vorinostat induces a) acetylation of proteins including histone H3 and H4, ubiquitylation of proteins, and c) the levels of Bim, Bak, tBID, p21 and p27 levels, as well as down regulate Bcl-2, Bcl-xL and survivin in chest wall recurrent or metastatic breast cancer cells (pre treatment vs. cycle 1 day 2 after 3 vorinostat doses but prior to paclitaxel).

III. To determine whether in the primary breast cancer (and metastatic cancer if available) pretreatment levels of Her-2, Estrogen Receptor (ER)-alpha, Progesterone Receptor (PR), p21, p27, p-AKT, p-ERK1/2, HDAC1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 10 and SIRT2 levels predict for the response to treatment with VORINOSTAT plus paclitaxel.

OUTLINE: This is a phase I, multicenter, dose-escalation study of vorinostat (SAHA) followed by a phase II, open-label study.

Phase I: Patients receive oral SAHA twice daily on days 1-3, 8-10, and 15-17, paclitaxel IV over 1 hour on days 2, 9, and 16, and bevacizumab IV over 30-90 minutes on days 2 and 16. Treatment repeats every 28 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

Cohorts of 3-6 patients receive escalating doses of SAHA until the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) is determined. The MTD is defined as the dose preceding that at which 2 of 3 or 2 of 6 patients experience dose-limiting toxicity. The recommended phase II dose is defined as one dose level below the MTD.

Phase II: Patients receive SAHA at the recommended phase II dose and paclitaxel and bevacizumab as in phase I.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • histologically or cytologically confirmed adenocarcinoma of the breast; effective with version 2.2 (1/26/09), only patients with disease that is accessible to biopsy and consent to serial biopsy are eligible
  • stage IV disease, locally recurrent inoperable chest wall disease; at least one bidimensional and/or unidimensional, measurable indicator lesion must be present (patients with only non-measurable disease are eligible for the phase I trial only); all sites of disease should be noted and followed
  • ECOG performance status =< 1 (Karnofsky >= 70%)
  • Absolute neutrophil count >= 1,500/ul
  • Platelets >= 100,000/ul
  • Total bilirubin within normal institutional limits
  • AST(SGOT)/ALT(SGPT) =< 2.5 x institutional upper limit of normal
  • PTT and either INR or PT < 1.5 x normal
  • Creatinine within normal institutional limits OR creatinine clearance >= mL/min/1.73 m^2 for patients with creatinine levels above institutional normal
  • Urine protein should be screened by urine analysis for Urine Protein Creatinine (UPC) ratio; for UPC ratio > 0.5, 24-hour urine protein should be obtained and the level should be < 1000 mg for patient enrollment;
  • LVEF must be at or above the lower institutional limit of the normal range (on MUGA or Echo obtained within 12 weeks of registration, or within 4 weeks of prior Herceptin)
  • Not pregnant/lactating

Exclusion criteria:

  • chemotherapy or radiotherapy within 4 weeks (6 weeks for nitrosoureas or mitomycin C) prior to entering the study
  • may not be receiving any other investigational agents.
  • history of allergic reactions attributed to compounds of similar chemical or biologic composition to vorinostat or other agents used in the study (e.g., paclitaxel, bevacizumab, quinolones)
  • uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to, ongoing or active infection, symptomatic congestive heart failure, unstable angina pectoris, cardiac arrhythmia, or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements.
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00368875

Locations
United States, New York
Montefiore Medical Center
Bronx, New York, United States, 10467-2490
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Joseph Sparano Montefiore Medical Center
  More Information

Publications:
Responsible Party: National Cancer Institute (NCI)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00368875     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: NCI-2012-03012  NCI-2012-03012  06-05-291  7703  N01CM62204  N01CM62207  N01CM62205  N01CM62209 
Study First Received: August 24, 2006
Results First Received: June 18, 2015
Last Updated: October 6, 2015
Health Authority: United States: Food and Drug Administration

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Breast Neoplasms
Breast Neoplasms, Male
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplasms
Breast Diseases
Skin Diseases
Paclitaxel
Vorinostat
Albumin-Bound Paclitaxel
Bevacizumab
Antibodies
Immunoglobulins
Antibodies, Monoclonal
Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic
Antineoplastic Agents
Tubulin Modulators
Antimitotic Agents
Mitosis Modulators
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Angiogenesis Inhibitors
Angiogenesis Modulating Agents
Growth Substances
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Growth Inhibitors
Immunologic Factors
Histone Deacetylase Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on July 26, 2016