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Effects Of Atorvastatin On Macrophage Activity And Plaque Inflammation Using Magnetic Resonance Imaging

This study has been completed.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
First Posted: August 24, 2006
Last Update Posted: April 16, 2015
The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
A new way of scanning narrowing in the arteries (main blood vessels) caused by fatty deposits known as plaques has been developed. Heart attacks and strokes occur when plaques become inflamed, depending on the artery affected. Currently used clinical tests can only tell us how much the vessel is blocked by the plaque and not how inflamed (i.e. dangerous) it is. This new method of scanning using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and a special agent called Sinerim can identify inflamed plaques. This study will evaluate patients with plaques in their arteries in their neck at risk of strokes to see whether treatment with a cholesterol-lowering drug called atorvastatin can reduce the amount of inflammation within the artery wall within the first three months of treatment. If this effect can be measured using MRI scanning with the use of Sinerim then the results of this study will provide additional clinical validation of the use of MRI scanning combined with agents such as Sinerem®.

Condition Intervention
Atherosclerotic Carotid Disease Atheroma Atherosclerosis Drug: atorvastatin

Study Type: Observational
Official Title: A 12 Week, Randomised, Double Blind Study Evaluating the Effects of Low Dose (10mg) and High Dose (80mg) Atorvastatin on Macrophage Activity and Carotid Plaque Inflammation as Determined by Ultra Small Super-Paramagnetic Iron Oxide (USPIO) Enhanced Carotid Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by GlaxoSmithKline:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Changes from baseline in USPIO-enhanced MRI signal in carotid plaques at 6 weeks and 12-weeks in low and high dose atorvastatin groups (within groups' comparison).

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Baseline corrected changes in USPIO-enhanced MRI signal in carotid plaques.Changes from baseline in tensile stress, micro-emboli counts, soluble plasma biomarkers at 12 weeks in low and high dose atorvastatin groups.

Enrollment: 47
Study Start Date: July 2006
Study Completion Date: August 2007
Primary Completion Date: August 2007 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 80 Years   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion criteria:

  • Positive Sinerem®-enhanced MRI of carotid plaque confirmed by a consultant neuroradiologist
  • Must either be statin naive or have been on a stable dose of a statin(Permitted statins and total daily dose are as follows: atorvastatin =10mg, simvastatin =40mg, pravastatin =40mg, fluvastatin =80mg, rosuvastatin =10mg for =4 weeks prior to screening, with no evidence of statin intolerability.)

Exclusion criteria:

  • Require continued use of non-statin lipid modifying therapies or therapy with any other lipid regulating medications
  • History of statin intolerance
  • History of chronic viral hepatitis or other liver dysfunction
  • Renal impairment with serum creatinine >2.5 mg/dl (>221 mol/L)
  • History of myopathy or inflammatory muscle disease, or 3 times more than the upper limit of normal levels of total creatinine kinase in serum
  • Doppler assessment of less than 40% stenosis during screening assessment
  • Allergy to dextran and iron salts
  • Contraindication to MRI scanning
  • Planned carotid surgery or endovascular intervention earlier than 10 weeks within the study period
  Contacts and Locations
Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT00368589

United Kingdom
GSK Investigational Site
Cambridge, Cambridgeshire, United Kingdom, CB2 2GG
Sponsors and Collaborators
Study Director: GSK Clinical Trials GlaxoSmithKline
  More Information

Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
Responsible Party: GlaxoSmithKline
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00368589     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: TMT106468
First Submitted: August 22, 2006
First Posted: August 24, 2006
Last Update Posted: April 16, 2015
Last Verified: April 2015

Keywords provided by GlaxoSmithKline:
atherosclerotic plaque
thrombo-embolic stroke
magnetic resonance imaging
Ultra small Super-Paramagnetic Iron Oxide

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Plaque, Atherosclerotic
Pathologic Processes
Arterial Occlusive Diseases
Vascular Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases
Pathological Conditions, Anatomical
Atorvastatin Calcium
Anticholesteremic Agents
Hypolipidemic Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Lipid Regulating Agents
Hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA Reductase Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Plasma Substitutes
Blood Substitutes