Raloxifene for Women With Alzheimer's Disease

This study has been completed.
Kaiser Permanente
Indiana University
Southern Illinois University
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Victor W. Henderson, Stanford University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
First received: August 22, 2006
Last updated: December 2, 2013
Last verified: December 2013

This is a multisite pilot randomized trial of raloxifene or placebo for the treatment of women with Alzheimer's disease.

Condition Intervention Phase
Alzheimer Disease
Drug: raloxifene
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Raloxifene in Women With AD: Randomized Controlled Trial

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by Stanford University:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • ADAS-cog [ Time Frame: 12 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Global rating [ Time Frame: 6 and 12 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Function [ Time Frame: 6 and 12 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Behavior [ Time Frame: 6 and 12 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Cognitive (neuropsychological) [ Time Frame: 6 and 12 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Enrollment: 42
Study Start Date: August 2006
Study Completion Date: January 2012
Primary Completion Date: March 2011 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: raloxifene
oral raloxifene 120 mg once daily
Drug: raloxifene
Placebo Comparator: placebo
identical appearing oral placebo


Ages Eligible for Study:   60 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Female
  2. Post menopausal
  3. Age at least 60 years
  4. Eight or more years of education with a history of premorbid literacy
  5. By history, fluent speaker of English
  6. Dementia (DSM-IV-derived criteria) present for at least six months beginning at age 60 or older
  7. Mild or moderate dementia, defined by MMSE score between 12 and 26, inclusive
  8. NINCDS-ADRDA criteria for probable AD based on results of a neurologist#s evaluation and laboratory tests
  9. Neurological history and examination within normal limits for age, except for changes consistent with AD or age
  10. Modified Ischemia Scale score of 4 or less
  11. Good physical health established by medical history, physical exam, and baseline laboratory tests
  12. Blood pressure < 180/100 at time of entry
  13. No history of, or examination evidence for, current insulin-dependent diabetes, stroke thought to impair cognition (e.g., cortical or thalamic infarct), or other focal brain lesion or neurological disorder likely to affect cognition, or other serious medical illness likely to limit participant's ability to complete study protocol
  14. No history of pulmonary embolism, deep vein thrombosis, or retinal vein occlusion
  15. No DSM-IV criteria for Major Depressive Episode or other Axis I psychiatric disorder, other than AD, within the past year
  16. Effective dose of an FDA-approved cholinesterase inhibitor for at least 6 months prior to randomization (usually donepezil 5 or 10 mg/d, rivastigmine 6 to 12 mg/d, or galantamine 16 to 24 mg/d); stable effective dose for at least 2 months prior to randomization
  17. No psychotropic medication within 4 weeks of study entry or stable dose (for at least 4 weeks month) of psychotropic medications
  18. No experimental mediation for the treatment of cognitive impairment associated with dementia within 2 months of study entry
  19. No raloxifene within 6 months of study entry
  20. No systemic estrogen, progestin, testosterone, related gonadal hormone therapy within 2 months of study entry
  21. No other known contraindication to raloxifene or donepezil
  22. A primary caregiver who knows the participant well and who is able to accompany her for regular assessments during the course of the study
  23. Assent or consent of participant plus informed consent from participant's next of kin or legally authorized representative

Exclusion Criteria:

1. Failure to meet inclusion criteria

  Contacts and Locations
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Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00368459

United States, California
Stanford University School of Medicine
Stanford, California, United States, 94305
Sponsors and Collaborators
Stanford University
Kaiser Permanente
Indiana University
Southern Illinois University
Principal Investigator: Dr Victor Henderson Stanford University
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: Victor W. Henderson, Professor, Stanford University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00368459     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: IA0096
Study First Received: August 22, 2006
Last Updated: December 2, 2013
Health Authority: United States: Institutional Review Board

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Alzheimer Disease
Brain Diseases
Central Nervous System Diseases
Delirium, Dementia, Amnestic, Cognitive Disorders
Mental Disorders
Nervous System Diseases
Neurodegenerative Diseases
Bone Density Conservation Agents
Estrogen Antagonists
Estrogen Receptor Modulators
Hormone Antagonists
Hormones, Hormone Substitutes, and Hormone Antagonists
Pharmacologic Actions
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Selective Estrogen Receptor Modulators

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on March 25, 2015