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Metabolic Effects of Thiazolidinediones in Chronic Kidney Disease

This study has been terminated.
(unable to replace Fellow conducting the study who left institution in 2007)
Information provided by:
Vanderbilt University Identifier:
First received: August 23, 2006
Last updated: November 1, 2010
Last verified: November 2010
The substantially increased cardiovascular morbidity and mortality rates in chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients cannot be sufficiently explained by traditional coronary risk factors. It is apparent that inflammation of the vessel wall plays an essential role in the pathophysiology of atherosclerosis, and the strong association between elevated inflammatory biomarkers and cardiovascular death further supports this mechanism. Approximately 50% of the mortality in this population of patients is attributable to cardiovascular disease. Insulin resistance is also a common problem in uremic patients. It has been shown that insulin resistance may contribute to atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease. An intriguing observation in CKD patients with advanced uremia is that the metabolic profile of these patients is characterized by persistent low-grade inflammation, a state of insulin resistance, and significantly increased prevalence of atherosclerosis. It is possible that these metabolic derangements can be the inciting factors for development and progression of uremic atherosclerosis. Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPAR-gamma) is a ligand-activated nuclear transcription factor found in cells of the immune system and the vasculature, where it exerts an overall protective effect on the development of atherosclerosis, in part through modulation of inflammation. The agonists for PPAR-gamma improve not only the insulin resistance, but also have profound beneficial effects on inflammation, oxidative stress, endothelium, and lipid metabolism. In this proposal, the investigators hypothesize that short-term administration of a PPAR-gamma agonist (pioglitazone) will improve the inflammatory state, insulin resistance, and endothelial dysfunction in chronic kidney disease patients with advanced uremia.

Condition Intervention Phase
Chronic Kidney Disease
Drug: pioglitazone
Drug: placebo
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Metabolic Effects of Thiazolidinediones in Chronic Kidney Disease

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by Vanderbilt University:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • A decrease in C-reactive protein (CRP) levels [ Time Frame: 14 weeks ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Improved insulin resistance [ Time Frame: 14 weeks ]
  • Improved endothelium-dependent vasodilation [ Time Frame: 14 weeks ]

Enrollment: 12
Study Start Date: April 2006
Study Completion Date: September 2007
Primary Completion Date: September 2007 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Active Comparator: 1 Drug: pioglitazone
30 mg once a day for 12 weeks
Other Name: ACTOS
Placebo Comparator: 2 Drug: placebo
1 pill once a day for 12 weeks


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 75 Years   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Patients with Stage 3 or 4 chronic kidney disease as measured by a Modification in Diet in Renal Disease Study (MDRD) estimate of between 15 ml/min and 59 ml/min.
  2. Age between 18 and 75 years old.
  3. Patients without hospitalization for cardiac or infection related morbidity over the previous four weeks (due to the potential confounding effects on baseline study variables).
  4. Patients who are able to provide consent to participate in the study.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Patients with prior documented diagnosis of diabetes mellitus.
  2. Patients with fasting blood glucose > 110mg/dL.
  3. Prisoners, patients will significant mental illness, pregnant women, and other vulnerable populations.
  4. Patients with active hepatic disease and/or ALT > 2.5 times upper limit of normal.
  5. Patients with history of congestive heart failure and NYHA Class III-IV symptoms at any time.
  6. Patients for whom living donor renal transplantation is already scheduled or in the process of being evaluated, as these patients will be unlikely to complete study protocols before transplantation.
  7. Patients with severe co-morbid conditions (eg, symptomatic hepatic cirrhosis, metastatic cancer, HIV infection with AIDS).
  8. Patient with active inflammatory process (eg., SLE, rheumatoid arthritis, gout) for which they are currently receiving immune modulating medications.
  9. Patients who are on corticosteroid therapy.
  10. Patients who do not consent to participate in the study.
  Contacts and Locations
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Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00368017

United States, Tennessee
Vanderbilt University Medical Center
Nashville, Tennessee, United States, 37232
Sponsors and Collaborators
Vanderbilt University
Principal Investigator: Alp Ikizler, MD Vanderbilt University Medical Center
  More Information

Responsible Party: Alp Ikizler, MD, Vanderbilt University Medical Center Identifier: NCT00368017     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 060042
Study First Received: August 23, 2006
Last Updated: November 1, 2010

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Kidney Diseases
Renal Insufficiency, Chronic
Urologic Diseases
Renal Insufficiency
Hypoglycemic Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs processed this record on April 28, 2017