Primary Outcome Measures:
- The purpose of this study was to examine short term outcomes following cardiac surgery in premature neonates. [ Time Frame: 6 years ]
In congenital cardiac defects where there was a choice of palliation vs complete anatomic repair, premature neonates underwent palliative procedures more frequently than term neonates. Premature neonates spent more days of mechanical ventilation compared to their term counterparts. Importantly, there was no difference in mortality between the two groups.
Studies have shown that between one-quarter and one-half of infants undergoing cardiac surgery will suffer brain injury during surgery (the perioperative period). Some infants with congenital heart disease have neurological injury prior to cardiac surgery as a result of cyanosis, acidosis and abnormal circulation. The spectrum of neurological injury ranges from agitation and subtle disturbances in learning and new memory acquisition to visual and motor development abnormalities, seizures, stroke and encephalopathy.
The patient will be identified from the cardiothoracic surgery database. Their hospital medical records and the neurological database will be reviewed for type of neurological complication (i.e. seizure, stroke), neuro-imaging and any mortality for these patients. We will review the patient outcome data that is available, after the initial surgery, through June 20, 2006. No patients will be contacted.