The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness (level of pain control) and safety of the administration of 3 different dose levels of CG5503 compared with oxycodone and with placebo in patients who have had a bunionectomy, and to assess the safety of the drug for 9 days after patients are discharged from the hospital.
Primary Outcome Measures:
- The primary effectiveness outcome for this study is SPID48 (i.e., the sum of pain intensity difference at 48 hours relative to the first dose).
Secondary Outcome Measures:
- Secondary effectiveness outcomes include, among others, the effect of CG5503 IR on the time to the need for the first rescue pain medication during the double-blind treatment period, and the SPID at 12, 24, and 72 hours relative to first dose.
| Study Completion Date:
| Primary Completion Date:
||May 2007 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Patients undergoing bunionectomy often experience moderate to severe acute pain post-surgery. Normally such pain is controlled when patients receive repeated doses of opioid analgesics. However, opioid therapy is commonly associated with side effects such as nausea, vomiting, sedation, constipation, addiction, tolerance, and respiratory depression. CG5503, a newly synthesized drug also acts as a centrally acting analgesic but has a dual mode of action. The aim of this study is to investigate the effectiveness (level of pain control) and safety (side effects) of 3 dose levels of CG5503 Immediate Release (IR) compared to no drug (placebo) or one dose level of oxycodone (an opioid commonly used to treat post-surgical pain). This study is a randomized (patients are assigned different treatments based on chance), double-blind (neither investigator nor patient will know which treatment is received), active- and placebo-controlled, parallel-group, multicenter study to evaluate treatment of the acute pain from bunionectomy. The study will include a blinded 72 hour inpatient phase immediately following bunionectomy, during which patients will be treated with either 50-, 75-, or 100-mg CG5503 IR base, a placebo, or 15-mg oxycodone IR, and pain intensity and pain relief will be periodically assessed. Following this phase, patients wishing to continue treatment with CG5503 IR may enter an outpatient voluntary nonrandomized, open-label extension phase for 9 days when they will receive 50- or 100-mg CG5503 IR. Assessments of pain relief include the pain intensity numeric rating scale (PI), pain relief numeric rating scale (PAR), and patient global impression of change scale (PGIC). Safety evaluations include monitoring of adverse events, physical examinations, and clinical laboratory tests. Venous blood samples will be collected for the determination of serum concentrations of CG5503 and oxycodone. The null hypothesis for the study is that efficacy results for all CG5503 IR dosage groups are equal to placebo based on the mean sum of pain intensity difference at 48 hours. The alternative study hypothesis is that at least 1 dose strength of CG5503 will be different from placebo in controlling pain at 48 hours. CG5503 IR 50, or 75, or 100 mg (of the base), or oxycodone 15 mg, or placebo: 1 capsule taken every 4 to 6 hours during the 72-hour postsurgery phase of the study; and CG5503, 50 mg capsules, 1 to 2 tablets taken by mouth every 4 to 6 hours for up to 9 days during the open label portion of the study. All doses of study treatment will be taken with approximately 120 mL of water with or without food.