Carboplatin and Temozolomide (Temodar) for Recurrent and Symptomatic Residual Brain Metastases

This study has been completed.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Herbert Newton, Ohio State University Comprehensive Cancer Center Identifier:
First received: August 8, 2006
Last updated: May 9, 2012
Last verified: May 2012

Purpose: The primary objective of this study is to determine if chemotherapy with carboplatin and temozolomide significantly affects the response rates, or size of disease, in patients with brain metastases, originating from cancer in other parts of the body, compared to patients who have already been treated with radiation. Survival, causes of death, recurrence of disease in the central nervous system, toxicity, and quality of life will all be measured as secondary objective in this study.

Condition Intervention Phase
Brain Tumor
Drug: carboplatin
Drug: temozolomide
Phase 1
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Phase I/II Multicenter Trial of Intra-Arterial Carboplatin and Oral Temozolomide for the Treatment of Recurrent and Symptomatic Residual Brain Metastases.

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by Ohio State University Comprehensive Cancer Center:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Response rates of patients with MBT in comparison to historical controls treated with only RT [ Time Frame: Every 2 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Time to Progression analysis [ Time Frame: 24 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Survival [ Time Frame: 1 year ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • CNS toxicity [ Time Frame: every cycle ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]

Enrollment: 11
Study Start Date: October 2004
Study Completion Date: February 2008
Primary Completion Date: January 2008 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Intervention Details:
    Drug: carboplatin
    IA carboplatin 200 mg/m2/day for each arterial injection on days 1 and 2.
    Other Names:
    • Paraplatin
    • CBDCA
    Drug: temozolomide
    150 mg/m2/day orally Days 1-5. Treatment cycles to be repeated every 4 weeks.
    Other Name: Temodar
Detailed Description:

Rationale: Surgery and radiation are often used as treatments for brain metastases, or tumors in the brain that originate from other parts of the body. It is currently unknown whether patient survival or time to progression would experience additional benefits through the addition of chemotherapy. Previous research does appear to suggest that a chemotherapy regimen may improve outcomes of patients with brain metastases previously treated with radiation. The current study further evaluates this research question by providing patients with recurrent or symptomatic residual brain metastases with carboplatin and temozolomide, two chemotherapy agents. Temozolomide has demonstrated clinical antitumor efficacy against malignant gliomas and has been tested with some efficacy against several other types of cancer. This drug appears to have less adverse effects compared to other commonly used cancer drugs. Recent research indicates that temozolomide also has some efficacy against brain metastases. In addition, previous research indicates carboplatin's lack of severe toxicity in patients with this disease.

Treatment: Study participants will be treated with carboplatin and temozolomide. Carboplatin will be administered through intravenous infusions. Temozolomide will be given through oral pills. Before these drugs are administered, study participants will undergo a pre-treatment evaluation with physical and neuropsychological examinations, neuro-imaging, laboratory tests, quality of life assessment, and other procedures. Carboplatin will be given for two consecutive days. Temozolomide will be taken by study participants daily for five consecutive days. Both of these treatment schedules will be repeated every 28 days. Several tests and exams will be given throughout the study to closely monitor patients. Study treatments will be discontinued due to disease growth or unacceptable adverse events.


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Pathologically confirmed systemic cancer

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Pregnant
  • Known CNS meningeal involvement with cancer
  Contacts and Locations
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Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00362817

United States, Ohio
Ohio State University
Columbus, Ohio, United States, 43210
Sponsors and Collaborators
Herbert Newton
Principal Investigator: Herbert Newton Ohio State University
  More Information

Additional Information:
No publications provided

Responsible Party: Herbert Newton, Principal Investigator, Ohio State University Comprehensive Cancer Center Identifier: NCT00362817     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: OSU-0428
Study First Received: August 8, 2006
Last Updated: May 9, 2012
Health Authority: United States: Institutional Review Board

Keywords provided by Ohio State University Comprehensive Cancer Center:

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Alkylating Agents
Antineoplastic Agents
Antineoplastic Agents, Alkylating
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Pharmacologic Actions
Therapeutic Uses processed this record on March 30, 2015