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Randomized Trial to Evaluate Suppressive Effect of High-Dose Acyclovir Versus Once-Daily Valacyclovir on Persons With HSV-2

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00362297
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : August 9, 2006
Results First Posted : October 8, 2014
Last Update Posted : October 8, 2014
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Christine Johnston, University of Washington

Brief Summary:

The purpose of the research study is to evaluate the effectiveness of high-dose acyclovir compared to valacyclovir for reduction of asymptomatic genital shedding in persons with genital herpes.

The study will enroll men and women who are 18 years or older, test positive to HSV-2 (by blood test) and have had a first outbreak of HSV-2 within the past 6 months or have had at least 4 genital herpes outbreaks in the past year. Participants must be HIV negative and willing to stop taking suppressive therapy for HSV for the one week wash out period. (Females only: You must not be pregnant or breast-feeding). Both men and women will be asked to use an effective form of birth control.

Involvement in the study will last 15-weeks and you will be asked to visit the clinic every 2-weeks. At each visit, you will be given medication to take daily (either valacyclovir or acyclovir; you will receive both medications at some point during this study). There will be a total of 9 study visits and each visit will last approximately 30 minutes. We will ask that you complete a daily symptom diary and collected daily home swabs 4-times a day, everyday during the study. Each daily home swab will take less than 3 minutes to perform.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Genital Herpes Drug: acyclovir Drug: valacyclovir Phase 4

Detailed Description:

Screening Assessment

Patients will be assessed for their eligibility to enter the study at a screening visit. After signing informed consent they will undergo a medical history and the following information will be recorded in the Case Report Form (CRF):

  • Demographic Data: Date of birth, sex, marital status, education and race
  • Previous antiviral medication taken
  • History of sexually transmitted infections and sexual history.

Start of Study Visit (Day 0) and Day 14, 28, 42, 56, 70, 84, 98 and 105 Follow-Up Visits.

Eligible patients will return to clinic to be given study drug and a patient diary card on which to record concomitant medications, signs and symptoms, and adverse experiences. The investigator will instruct the patient on daily home viral sample collection, taking the study drug, and completing the diary card. The patient will be instructed to return to clinic in 2 weeks, +/- 2 days. Medication compliance will be assessed at each visit using pill counts.

Crossover Study Visit Prior To Washout Period (Day 49-55)

Participants will not be given study drug or placebo during the 7-day washout period.

Daily Home Viral Sample Collection

Participants will collect swabs from the genital mucosa four times per day and store the samples in PCR media with preprinted labels. Women will swab the cervicovaginal, vulvar and perianal areas, and men will swab the penile and perianal. Every two weeks, they will return the samples to the Virology Research Clinic when they present for additional study drug and assessment.

Final Study Visit (Day 105)

At the final study visit at Day 105 or for premature discontinuation, the investigator will perform the activities at the regular study visits, with the exception of the dispensation of study drug.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 31 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Randomized, Cross-Over Study to Evaluate the Suppressive Effect of High-Dose Acyclovir Versus Once Daily Valacyclovir on Herpes Simplex Virus Type 2 Genital Shedding in Herpes Simplex Virus-2 Seropositive Adults
Study Start Date : September 2006
Actual Primary Completion Date : December 2008
Actual Study Completion Date : September 2011

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Genital Herpes

Arm Intervention/treatment
Active Comparator: Standard dose Drug: valacyclovir
500 mg orally once daily for 7 weeks
Other Name: Valtrex

Experimental: High-dose Drug: acyclovir
800 mg orally three times daily for 7 weeks

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Frequency of HSV-2 Total Shedding From the Genital Tract as Measured by PCR, Calculated Using a Per-day Shedding Rate in Participants Treated With High-dose Acyclovir as Compared to Once-daily Valacyclovir. [ Time Frame: 15 weeks ]
    Participants were treated with both interventions in a cross-over study design. Shedding rates on each drug arm per participant were compared by Poisson regression.

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Frequency of Subclinical Shedding From the Genital Tract as Measured by PCR, Calculated Using a Per-day Shedding Rate in Participants Treated With High-dose Acyclovir as Compared to Once-daily Valacyclovir. [ Time Frame: 15 weeks ]
  2. Frequency of Lesional Shedding From the Genital Tract as Measured by PCR, Calculated Using a Per Day Shedding Rate in Participants Treated With High-dose Acyclovir as Compared to Once-daily Valacyclovir. [ Time Frame: 15 weeks ]
  3. Number of Herpes Recurrences, Defined Clinically as >=1 Successive Day on Which Genital Lesions Are Present, in Participants Treated With High-dose Acyclovir as Compared to Once-daily Valacyclovir. [ Time Frame: 15 weeks ]

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. 18 years or older;
  2. HSV-2 seropositive by Western Blot;
  3. not receiving any drugs with known anti-HSV-2 activity for study duration;
  4. history of primary genital herpes infection within past 6 months OR history of 4 or more HSV recurrences per year during the past year OR 4 or more recurrences per year prior to initiation of suppressive antiviral therapy;
  5. able to comply with the study protocol;
  6. women of child bearing potential who are sexually active with men must be using a medically accepted method of contraception as judged by the investigator;
  7. women of child-bearing potential must have a negative pregnancy test (urine) at screening visit;
  8. in general good health, without other serious medical conditions and specifically with normal renal and hepatic function, as determined by the patient's medical history;
  9. planning to remain resident in the area of the study center for the duration of the study participation;
  10. HIV seronegative.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. hypersensitivity to acyclovir or valacyclovir;
  2. pregnant women;
  3. HIV positive or other immunosuppressed state, including chronic steroid use. Intermittent nasal or topical steroids are acceptable

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00362297

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United States, Washington
University of Washington Virology Research Clinic
Seattle, Washington, United States, 98104
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Washington
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Principal Investigator: Christine Johnston, MD University of Washington

Publications automatically indexed to this study by Identifier (NCT Number):
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Responsible Party: Christine Johnston, Acting Assistant Professor, University of Washington Identifier: NCT00362297     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 30520-D - Phase 1
First Posted: August 9, 2006    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: October 8, 2014
Last Update Posted: October 8, 2014
Last Verified: October 2014
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Herpes Genitalis
Herpes Simplex
Herpesviridae Infections
DNA Virus Infections
Virus Diseases
Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Viral
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Genital Diseases, Male
Genital Diseases, Female
Antiviral Agents
Anti-Infective Agents