Primary Outcome Measures:
- Effect of the neighborhood environment on the cardiovascular health of residents [ Time Frame: Measured during Years 1 and 2 of the study ]
CVD is a major health problem in the United States. Individuals who live in an environment in which it is difficult to maintain an active lifestyle may be more at risk for developing CVD. Because of an increased interest in healthy living, urban planners and architects are now developing neighborhoods that are designed to encourage physical activity. Parks, walking and bicycle trails, wider sidewalks, and community recreation facilities are examples of amenities that are being included in these neighborhoods. By incorporating these enhancements, the Stapleton community in Denver, Colorado has been redeveloped as a more active living environment. The purpose of this study is to determine the effect of the neighborhood environment on the cardiovascular health of residents in five racially, ethnically, and socioeconomically diverse neighborhoods in or near the Stapleton community.
In Years 1 and 2 of this study, 200 households from each of the five neighborhoods will be randomly chosen to complete a survey regarding their cardiovascular health, physical activity level, and use and perception of their neighborhood environment and facilities, for a total of 1,000 surveys. Interviews and focus groups with members of the community will also be used to gather information. Additionally, a neighborhood council composed of community members will be formed to study disparities among the five neighborhoods in their use of their neighborhood environments, their physical activity levels, and their cardiovascular risk factors. In Year 2, study researchers will analyze the collected data and distribute the findings within the communities. They will also begin testing culturally and community relevant programs aimed at reducing CVD risk factors.