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RU-486 in the Treatment of Bipolar Depression

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00359125
Recruitment Status : Withdrawn
First Posted : August 1, 2006
Last Update Posted : January 22, 2014
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
Information provided by:

Study Description
Brief Summary:

Bipolar disorder is a chronic and recurrent illness which involves episodes of mania and depression. It is believed that disturbance of the stress hormone system (the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal or HPA axis) may cause thinking and memory problems and make the depressive symptoms worse in bipolar disorder. Early studies have shown that mifepristone may have antidepressant effects (may improve the symptoms of depression) and may also maintain or enhance cognition (memory and thinking functions).

The purpose of this study is to determine the potential therapeutic efficacy (usefulness) of mifepristone in bipolar depression by assessing the effects of the medication on depressive symptoms and on cognition. This will be done by questionnaires and thinking tests.

This study will also try to clarify the functional changes that accompany bipolar disorder by analyzing saliva samples (assessing the stress response by measuring the levels of 2 stress hormones: cortisol and DHEA).


Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Bipolar Depression Drug: mifepristone (RU-486) Other: Placebo Phase 2

Detailed Description:

Detailed Description:

This study will be a parallel design randomized control trial. Duration of study is 10 weeks per subject. Following a baseline assessment of neurocognitive performance, mood symptoms, and neuroendocrine functioning (HPA axis functioning), bipolar depressed outpatients (n=100) will be randomized (week 0) to receive either mifepristone 600 mg daily (n=50) or matching placebo (n=50) for 7 days. Outcome measures will be completed at baseline (pre-medication), at the time of anticipated main response (week 3, i.e. 2 weeks after cessation of treatment), and at week 8 (to determine the persistence of any effects).

Neurocognitive performance (pre and post mifepristone treatment) will be evaluated with tests that have previously been shown to be affected by corticosteroids and to be abnormal in bipolar disorder. The neurocognitive battery will measure learning and memory, attention, executive functioning, and facial expression (which has been shown to be a sensitive measure of affective shift).

Mood symptoms will be evaluated at every study visit using standard clinician and patient self-rated scales.

Neuroendocrine functioning (HPA axis functioning) will be measured by the dexamethasone suppression test (DST) response to dexamethasone. This is a measure of the function of the glucocorticoid receptor. Subjects will also be asked for salivary samples to measure the cortisol response to wakening and the ratio of cortisol to the protective steroid DHEA. These validated tests will be used to improve our understanding of the mechanism of the therapeutic effect of mifepristone.

Fifty (50) matched-healthy controls will also undergo the baseline assessments of neurocognitive performance, mood symptoms, and neuroendocrine functioning. They will provide information about the pathophysiology of bipolar disorder.


Study Design

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 0 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double (Participant, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Efficacy of Mifepristone (RU-486) in the Treatment of Bipolar Depression.
Study Start Date : July 2006
Estimated Primary Completion Date : December 2010
Estimated Study Completion Date : December 2010

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

U.S. FDA Resources

Arms and Interventions

Arm Intervention/treatment
Active Comparator: 1
RU-486, 600 mg/day for 1 week.
Drug: mifepristone (RU-486)
RU-486, 600 mg/day for 1 week.
Other Name: Mifepristone
Placebo Comparator: 2
Placebo, 600 mg/day for 1 week
Other: Placebo
Placebo, 600 mg/day for 1 week.


Outcome Measures

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Neurocognitive performance at weeks -1, 3 & 8 and symptom change at weeks -2, -1, 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 & 8

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. HPA axis functioning from saliva samples at weeks -2, -1, 2, 3 & 8

Eligibility Criteria

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   19 Years to 65 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

Male & female outpatients between 19-65 years of age with a diagnosis of bipolar depression. Women must not be currently pregnant and must use a reliable method of contraception for the duration of the study. Subjects must be on stable medication (4 weeks minimum) for their bipolar illness. Subjects must be able to provide written informed consent. Subjects must adequately understand written & verbal English as rating scales as neurocognitive tests are only in English.

Exclusion Criteria:

Those not meeting the above criteria and those not competent to give informed consent. Women who are currently pregnant. Also excluded: those who have a clinically significant medical illness (including significant head injury with loss of consciousness), those at immediate risk of harming self or others, are currently abusing alcohol or drugs, those with a neurological disorder or uncompensated endocrine disorder, those with a known allergy to mifepristone, those currently being treated with an investigational medication or medication that is contraindicated with mifepristone.

Contacts and Locations

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT00359125


Locations
Canada, British Columbia
University of British Columbia, Dept. of Psychiatry
Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada, V6T 1Z3
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of British Columbia
Western Economic Diversification Canada
Stanley Medical Research Institute
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Allan Young, MD The University of British Columbia
More Information

Responsible Party: Dr. Allan Young, University of British Columbia
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00359125     History of Changes
Obsolete Identifiers: NCT00363064
Other Study ID Numbers: C06-0327
H06-0093
First Posted: August 1, 2006    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: January 22, 2014
Last Verified: January 2014

Keywords provided by University of British Columbia:
bipolar
RU-486
mifepristone
neurocognition
mood
cortisol
HPA axis

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Depression
Depressive Disorder
Bipolar Disorder
Behavioral Symptoms
Mood Disorders
Mental Disorders
Bipolar and Related Disorders
Mifepristone
Abortifacient Agents, Steroidal
Abortifacient Agents
Reproductive Control Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Contraceptives, Oral, Synthetic
Contraceptives, Oral
Contraceptive Agents, Female
Contraceptive Agents
Contraceptives, Postcoital, Synthetic
Contraceptives, Postcoital
Hormone Antagonists
Hormones, Hormone Substitutes, and Hormone Antagonists
Luteolytic Agents
Menstruation-Inducing Agents