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Effect of Montelukast on Experimentally-Induced RV16 Infection in Asthma

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00359073
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : August 1, 2006
Results First Posted : March 13, 2018
Last Update Posted : March 13, 2018
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
University of Wisconsin, Madison

Brief Summary:

People with asthma may have asthma worsening when they have an upper respiratory infection due to a virus or a common cold. Leukotrienes are increased in nasal secretions from children with Respiratory Syncytial Virus (RSV) and lung washings during times of acute lung inflammation. Experimental virus exposure in adults is also associated with increases in nasal leukotrienes.

The degree to which leukotrienes play a role in asthma worsening is unknown.There is information linking leukotrienes to viral infections, allergic inflammation, and asthma exacerbation.This information supports the hypothesis that virus-induced leukotrienes contribute to the severity of respiratory infections and in susceptible individuals, lead to lower airway obstruction and exacerbations of asthma. We propose to use montelukast in an experimental viral challenge model to explore this hypothesis.


Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Asthma Drug: montelukast Drug: placebo Not Applicable

Detailed Description:

Viral infections are important causes of wheezing illnesses throughout childhood and in adults with asthma. There has been progress in identifying mechanisms and risk factors for severe respiratory symptoms, and in particular, wheezing. Given this close relationship, it would be attractive to apply antiviral strategies to the prevention and treatment of asthma, and both RV and RSV are obvious targets. Unfortunately, attempts at developing an RSV vaccine have so far been unsuccessful, and vaccination to prevent RV infection does not seem to be feasible due to the large number of serotypes. Antiviral medications have been tested in clinical trials, however one problem with this approach is that once the clinical signs and symptoms appear, viral replication is well underway.

The other potential therapeutic approach for respiratory viral infections would be to selectively inhibit pro-inflammatory immune responses induced by the virus. The beneficial effects of systemic glucocorticoids indicate that this approach is valid; the challenge will be to develop treatments with greater efficacy and a reduced potential for adverse effects. The large body of information linking cysteinyl leukotrienes to viral infections, allergic inflammation, and asthma exacerbations, strongly supports the hypothesis that virus-induced leukotrienes contribute to the severity of respiratory infections and in susceptible individuals, lead to lower airway obstruction and exacerbations of asthma. We propose to use montelukast in an experimental viral challenge model to explore this hypothesis.


Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 25 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Quadruple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: Effect of Montelukast on Experimentally-Induced RV16 Infection in Volunteers With Mild Asthma
Actual Study Start Date : October 2006
Actual Primary Completion Date : January 2009
Actual Study Completion Date : January 2009

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Asthma
Drug Information available for: Montelukast
U.S. FDA Resources

Arm Intervention/treatment
Active Comparator: Montelukast
montelukast (10 mg everyday)
Drug: montelukast
10 mg everyday
Other Name: Singulair
Placebo Comparator: Placebo
Placebo comparator
Drug: placebo
like placebo
Other Name: like placebo



Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Mean Asthma Symptom Score [ Time Frame: Day 7 ]
    Asthma symptom scores were assessed twice per day with subjects completing a validated daytime diary card before bed and a nocturnal diary card on awakening. Subjects answered 4 questions about their asthma symptoms (0, none of the time; 6, all of the time). Daily score were calculated as the average of the 4 questions and an overall score for the week was assessed as the average of the daily scores. Time frame measurement was Day 7.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Peak Viral Shedding [ Time Frame: Baseline and 7 days ]
    Viral shedding was measured in both groups. Viral titers from nasal lavage were calculated after 4 tissue culture tubes containing WI38 cells (human lung diploid cells) were inoculated for each serial 10-fold dilution of samples and incubated while rolling at 33 degrees Celsius for 10 days (measurement for analysis was taken at baseline and 7 days). Tubes were read at baseline and 7 days later. TCID50 was calculated as the concentration that was capable of infecting 50% of the tubes. Viral titers are expressed as TCID50 per milliliter. Time frame measurement was at baseline and 7 days.

  2. Sputum Eosinophil Count [ Time Frame: 14 days ]
    Sputum was collected from both groups over 14 days after inoculation with the cold virus. Cell counts and differentials were made from sputum samples after treatment with 0.1% dithiothreitol. Eosinophils were counted and are expressed as as percentage of cells (percent of the total number counted) at the 14 day timepoint.



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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 65 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

A subject with mild persistent asthma is eligible for participation in the study if all of the following inclusion criteria apply:

  • Male or female with no health concerns that might affect the outcome of the study
  • Age 18-65 range
  • diagnosis of mild persistent asthma based on clinical findings such as cough, wheeze and shortness of breath
  • a history of asthma for at least six months prior to screening
  • FEV1> 80% of predicted
  • presence of allergy based on at least one positive prick skin test when tested with a standard panel of common allergens
  • ability to produce sputum when induced during the baseline assessments
  • asthma medications consisting of only inhaled short acting B-agonist taken as needed
  • reversible airways disease as indicated by > 12% reversibility post B-agonist or
  • methacholine hyperresponsiveness (PC20 < 8 mg/ml)
  • ability to give valid informed consent to participate by signing and dating a written consent form

Exclusion Criteria:

A subject is not eligible to participate in this study if any of the following exclusion criteria apply:

  • History of severe episodes of asthma with respiratory infections
  • Screening serum RV16 antibody titer > 1
  • Current smoker or has a smoking history exceeding 5 pack years
  • Currently receiving immunotherapy
  • Currently participating in another clinical trial or has participated in an investigational drug trial within one month of screening
  • Unable, in the judgment of the investigator, to comply with directions and/or tolerate the procedures required for participation in this trial
  • Pregnant or breast-feeding or has a planned pregnancy during the course of the study
  • Regular use of an asthma controller such as montelukast or an inhaled corticosteroid.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT00359073


Locations
United States, Wisconsin
University of Wisconsin
Madison, Wisconsin, United States, 53792
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Wisconsin, Madison
Investigators
Principal Investigator: James E Gern, MD University of Wisconsin, Madison

Additional Information:
Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
Responsible Party: University of Wisconsin, Madison
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00359073     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: H-2006-0173
31799 ( Other Identifier: PI )
First Posted: August 1, 2006    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: March 13, 2018
Last Update Posted: March 13, 2018
Last Verified: March 2018
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

Keywords provided by University of Wisconsin, Madison:
asthma
leukotrienes
rhinovirus

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Asthma
Bronchial Diseases
Respiratory Tract Diseases
Lung Diseases, Obstructive
Lung Diseases
Respiratory Hypersensitivity
Hypersensitivity, Immediate
Hypersensitivity
Immune System Diseases
Montelukast
Anti-Asthmatic Agents
Respiratory System Agents
Leukotriene Antagonists
Hormone Antagonists
Hormones, Hormone Substitutes, and Hormone Antagonists
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Cytochrome P-450 CYP1A2 Inducers
Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme Inducers
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action