Fludarabine Phosphate, Cyclophosphamide, and Total-Body Irradiation Followed by Donor Bone Marrow Transplant and Cyclophosphamide, Mycophenolate Mofetil, Tacrolimus, and Sirolimus in Treating Patients With Primary Immunodeficiency Disorders or Noncancerous Inherited Disorders

This study is currently recruiting participants. (see Contacts and Locations)
Verified August 2015 by Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00358657
First received: July 28, 2006
Last updated: August 5, 2015
Last verified: August 2015
  Purpose

This phase I/II trial studies the side effects of fludarabine phosphate, cyclophosphamide and total-body irradiation followed by donor bone marrow transplant and cyclophosphamide, mycophenolate mofetil, tacrolimus, and sirolimus in treating patients with primary immunodeficiency disorders or noncancerous inherited disorders. Giving low doses of chemotherapy and total-body irradiation before a bone marrow transplant helps prepare the patient's body to accept the incoming donor's bone marrow and decrease the risk that the patient's immune system will reject the donor's stem cells. When the healthy stem cells from a donor are infused into the patient they may help the patient's bone marrow make stem cells, red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets. Sometimes the transplanted cells from a donor can make an immune response against the body's normal cells called graft versus host disease. Giving cyclophosphamide, mycophenolate mofetil, tacrolimus, and sirolimus after the transplant may help decrease this from happening.


Condition Intervention Phase
Aplastic Anemia
Non-Cancer Diagnosis
Procedure: Allogeneic Bone Marrow Transplantation
Drug: Cyclophosphamide
Drug: Fludarabine Phosphate
Other: Laboratory Biomarker Analysis
Drug: Mycophenolate Mofetil
Procedure: Nonmyeloablative Allogeneic Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation
Drug: Sirolimus
Drug: Tacrolimus
Radiation: Total-Body Irradiation
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Endpoint Classification: Safety Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: HLA-Haploidentical Related Marrow Grafts for the Treatment of Primary Immunodeficiencies and Other Nonmalignant Disorders Using Conditioning With Low-Dose Cyclophosphamide, TBI and Fludarabine and Postgrafting Cyclophosphamide

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Graft rejection/failure rate [ Time Frame: Day 84 ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
  • Incidence of grade III/IV acute GVHD preceding diagnosis of chronic GVHD [ Time Frame: By day 100 ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    This will be deemed to occur if the lower level of a one-sided 80% confidence interval for either proportion exceeds 25% and will be evaluated after 5 patients have been followed. Adverse events will be assessed using an adapted version of the Common Toxicity Criteria.

  • Transplant related mortality [ Time Frame: Day 100 ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Proportion of patients who achieve greater than 5% donor T-cell chimerism [ Time Frame: By day 84 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Estimated Enrollment: 20
Study Start Date: May 2006
Estimated Primary Completion Date: September 2017 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Treatment (chemo, total-body irradiation, transplant)

NONMYELOABLATIVE CONDITIONING REGIMEN: Patients receive fludarabine phosphate IV over 1 hour on days -6 to -2; cyclophosphamide IV over 1 hour on days -6 and -5; and undergo total body irradiation on day -1.

TRANSPLANTATION: Patients undergo allogeneic bone marrow transplantation on day 0.

POST-TRANSPLANT IMMUNOSUPPRESSION: Patients receive cyclophosphamide IV over 1 hour on days 3 and 4, and mycophenolate mofetil PO every 8 hours on days 5-30 then BID until day 150 with taper until approximately day 180. Patients also receive tacrolimus IV continuously over 22-24 hours or over 1-2 hours on days 5-100, followed by tacrolimus PO (when tolerated), with taper until day 180 and sirolimus PO daily on days 5-180 with taper until approximately day 210.

Procedure: Allogeneic Bone Marrow Transplantation
Undergo allogeneic bone marrow transplantation
Other Names:
  • Allo BMT
  • Allogeneic BMT
  • allogeneic bone marrow transplantation
Drug: Cyclophosphamide
Given IV
Other Names:
  • (-)-Cyclophosphamide
  • 2H-1,3,2-Oxazaphosphorine, 2-[bis(2-chloroethyl)amino]tetrahydro-, 2-oxide, monohydrate
  • Carloxan
  • Ciclofosfamida
  • Ciclofosfamide
  • Cicloxal
  • Clafen
  • Claphene
  • CP monohydrate
  • CTX
  • CYCLO-cell
  • Cycloblastin
  • Cycloblastine
  • Cyclophospham
  • Cyclophosphamid monohydrate
  • CYCLOPHOSPHAMIDE
  • Cyclophosphamidum
  • Cyclophosphan
  • Cyclophosphane
  • Cyclophosphanum
  • Cyclostin
  • Cyclostine
  • Cytophosphan
  • Cytophosphane
  • Cytoxan
  • Fosfaseron
  • Genoxal
  • Genuxal
  • Ledoxina
  • Mitoxan
  • Neosar
  • Revimmune
  • Syklofosfamid
  • WR- 138719
Drug: Fludarabine Phosphate
Given IV
Other Names:
  • 2-F-ara-AMP
  • 9H-Purin-6-amine, 2-fluoro-9-(5-O-phosphono-.beta.-D-arabinofuranosyl)-
  • Beneflur
  • Fludara
  • FLUDARABINE PHOSPHATE
  • Oforta
  • SH T 586
Other: Laboratory Biomarker Analysis
Correlative studies
Drug: Mycophenolate Mofetil
Given PO
Other Names:
  • Cellcept
  • MMF
  • MYCOPHENOLATE MOFETIL
Procedure: Nonmyeloablative Allogeneic Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation
Undergo allogeneic bone marrow transplantation
Other Names:
  • Non-myeloablative allogeneic transplant
  • Nonmyeloablative Stem Cell Transplantation
  • NST
Drug: Sirolimus
Given PO
Other Names:
  • AY 22989
  • RAPA
  • Rapamune
  • RAPAMYCIN
  • SILA 9268A
  • SIROLIMUS
  • WY-090217
Drug: Tacrolimus
Given IV or PO
Other Names:
  • FK 506
  • Fujimycin
  • Prograf
  • Protopic
  • TACROLIMUS
Radiation: Total-Body Irradiation
Undergo total-body irradiation
Other Names:
  • TOTAL BODY IRRADIATION
  • total-body irradiation
  • Whole-Body Irradiation

Detailed Description:

PRIMARY OBJECTIVES:

I. Determine safety of nonmyeloablative conditioning and hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) from human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-haploidentical related donors for patients with nonmalignant inherited disorders who do not have an HLA-matched related or unrelated donor.

SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:

I. Determine whether nonmyeloablative conditioning and HCT from an HLA-haploidentical related donor graft can establish mixed chimerism (> 5% cluster of differentiation [CD]3+ donor T-cell chimerism) in patients with nonmalignant inherited disorders.

II. Transplant related mortality at day 100.

III. Incidence and severity of graft-versus-host disease (GHVD).

IV. Immune reconstitution.

V. Infections during the first 200 days after HCT.

OUTLINE:

NONMYELOABLATIVE CONDITIONING REGIMEN: Patients receive fludarabine phosphate intravenously (IV) over 1 hour on days -6 to -2; cyclophosphamide IV over 1 hour on days -6 and -5; and undergo total body irradiation on day -1.

TRANSPLANTATION: Patients undergo allogeneic bone marrow transplant on day 0.

POST-TRANSPLANT IMMUNOSUPPRESSION: Patients receive cyclophosphamide IV over 1 hour on days 3 and 4, and mycophenolate mofetil orally (PO) every 8 hours on days 5-30 then twice daily (BID) until day 150 with taper until approximately day 180. Patients also receive tacrolimus IV continuously over 22-24 hours or orally starting on day 5 post-transplant and will continue on tacrolimus through day 100 followed by a taper to approximately day 180 if there is no evidence of GVHD and their graft is doing well. In addition, patients will receive sirolimus orally beginning on day 5 through day 180 followed by a taper to approximately day 210 if there is no evidence of GVHD and their graft is doing well.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up at 6, 12, 18, and 24 months, and then annually thereafter for 5 years.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   up to 54 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Primary immunodeficiency disorder or other nonmalignant inherited disease (except Fanconi anemia) treatable by allogeneic HCT
  • Patients with pre-existing medical conditions or other factors that renders them at high risk for regimen related toxicity or ineligible for conventional myeloablative HCT and who do not have HLA-matched related or unrelated donors
  • Patients with a related donor who is identical for one HLA haplotype
  • Acquired aplastic anemia: severe aplastic anemia (SAA) is defined as follows:

    • Bone marrow cellularity < 25%, or marrow cellularity < 50% but with < 30% residual hematopoietic cells
    • Two out of three of the following (in peripheral blood): neutrophils < 0.5 x 10^9/L; platelets < 20 x 10^9/L; reticulocytes < 20 x 10^9/L
    • SAA diagnostic criteria may be applied to assessment at initial diagnosis or follow-up assessments
  • DONOR: Related donors who are identical for one HLA haplotype
  • DONOR: Bone marrow will be the only allowed stem cell source

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Fanconi anemia
  • Suitably HLA-matched related or unrelated donors
  • Patients with metabolic storage diseases who have severe central nervous system (CNS) involvement of disease, defined as intelligence quotient (IQ) score < 70
  • Cardiac ejection fraction < 30% (or, if unable to obtain ejection fraction, shortening fraction < 26%) on multiple-gated acquisition (MUGA) scan or cardiac echocardiogram (echo), symptomatic coronary artery disease, or other cardiac failure requiring therapy; patients with a history of, or current cardiac disease should be evaluated with appropriate cardiac studies and/or cardiology consult; patients with a shortening fraction of < 26% must be seen by cardiology for approval
  • Poorly controlled hypertension despite anti-hypertensive medications
  • Patients with clinical or laboratory evidence of liver disease will need to be evaluated for the cause of the liver disease, its clinical severity in terms of liver function and the degree of portal hypertension; patients will be excluded if they are found to have fulminant liver failure, cirrhosis of the liver with evidence of portal hypertension, bridging fibrosis, alcoholic hepatitis, esophageal varices, a history of bleeding esophageal varices, hepatic encephalopathy, uncorrectable hepatic synthetic dysfunction evidenced by prolongation of the prothrombin time, ascites related to portal hypertension, bacterial or fungal liver abscess, biliary obstruction, chronic viral hepatitis with total serum bilirubin > 3 mg/dl, or symptomatic biliary disease
  • Positive for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)
  • Females who are pregnant (beta- human chorionic gonadotropin positive [B-HCG]+) or breast-feeding
  • Fertile men or women who are unwilling to use contraceptives during HCT and up to 12 months post-treatment
  • Patients with fungal pneumonia with radiological progression after receipt of amphotericin formulation or mold-active azoles for greater than 1 month will not be eligible for this protocol
  • DONOR: Donor-recipient pairs in which the HLA-mismatch is only in the host-versus-graft (HVG) direction; patients are homozygous and donor is heterozygous
  • DONOR: Donors who are not expected to meet the minimum target dose of marrow cells (1 x 10^8 nucleated cells/kg recipient Ideal Body Weight)
  • DONOR: HIV-positive donors
  • DONOR: A positive anti-donor cytotoxic cross match is absolute donor exclusion
  • DONOR: < 6 months old and > 75 years old
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00358657

Locations
United States, Tennessee
Vanderbilt University/Ingram Cancer Center Active, not recruiting
Nashville, Tennessee, United States, 37232
United States, Washington
Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center/University of Washington Cancer Consortium Recruiting
Seattle, Washington, United States, 98109
Contact: Lauri M. Burroughs    206-667-2396    lburroug@fhcrc.org   
Principal Investigator: Lauri M. Burroughs         
Sponsors and Collaborators
Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Lauri Burroughs Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center/University of Washington Cancer Consortium
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00358657     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 2032.00, NCI-2010-00192, 2032, 2032.00, P30CA015704
Study First Received: July 28, 2006
Last Updated: August 5, 2015
Health Authority: United States: Federal Government

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Anemia, Aplastic
Immunologic Deficiency Syndromes
Anemia
Bone Marrow Diseases
Hematologic Diseases
Immune System Diseases
Cyclophosphamide
Everolimus
Fludarabine
Fludarabine phosphate
Mycophenolate mofetil
Mycophenolic Acid
Sirolimus
Tacrolimus
Vidarabine
Alkylating Agents
Anti-Bacterial Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Antibiotics, Antineoplastic
Antifungal Agents
Antimetabolites
Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic
Antineoplastic Agents
Antineoplastic Agents, Alkylating
Antirheumatic Agents
Antiviral Agents
Enzyme Inhibitors
Immunologic Factors
Immunosuppressive Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on August 30, 2015