Mycoplasma Genitalium Antibiotic Susceptibility and Treatment (MEGA)
The purpose of this study is to find out which of 2 different antibiotics, doxycycline or azithromycin, works best against germs that may cause nongonococcal urethritis.
Study participants will include approximately 1200 men, 16 years of age or older, attending a sexually transmitted diseases clinic in Seattle, Washington with clinical signs of urethral inflammation (>=5PMNs/HPF on a Gram-stained slide prepared from urethral exudates and/or a visible urethral discharge upon examination).
Urine specimens will be collected and tested for Mycoplasma genitalium and Ureaplasmas. Each participant will receive a blinded packet of study medication. Participants will answer an enrollment questionnaire and will also receive a log to complete between visits to record information about treatment adherence, side effects, symptoms, and sexual activity. All subjects will be asked to return for evaluation 3 weeks after the initial clinic visit. Subjects who test positive for M. genitalium and/or Ureaplasmas at the initial clinic visit will also be asked to return for a third study visit, 6 weeks following the initial clinic visit. During follow-up visits, participants will answer a follow-up questionnaire and will be re-evaluated for signs of urethritis. Those who were initially positive for M. genitalium and/or Ureaplasmas will be re-tested for these organisms.
Study participants with signs and/or symptoms of urethritis or who test positive for M. genitalium or Ureaplasmas at the follow-up study visit will receive another blinded treatment packet containing the alternate medication. Those who require additional treatment at the 6-week visit will be asked to return for a fourth follow-up study visit at 9-10 weeks. Study participants who did not test positive for M. genitalium or Ureaplasmas at the initial clinic visit, but who continue to demonstrate signs and/or symptoms of infection at their single follow-up study visit will treated according to clinic standard of care (after the study clinician unblinds their randomly-assigned treatment regimen).
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||Mycoplasma Genitalium Antibiotic Susceptibility and Treatment: A Randomized Double-blind Trial of the Efficacy of Azithromycin and Doxycycline for Clinical and Microbiological Cure of M. Genitalium in Men With Nongonococcal Urethritis|
- mITT Analysis of Eradication of M. Genitalium at First Follow-up Study Visit [ Time Frame: approximately 3 weeks after initial study visit (allowable window is 2-5 weeks after initial study visit) ]Microbiologic cure of M. genitalium at first follow-up visit (defined as a negative in-house PCR test performed on urine)
- mITT Analysis of Eradication of U. Urealyticum at First Follow-up Visit [ Time Frame: 3 weeks (allowable window 2-5) ]Microbiologic cure, defined as negative PCR for U. urealyticum (if cultured), or negative culture at first follow-up visit
- Minimum Inhibitory Concentrations (MIC) of All Cultivable Strains of M. Genitalium and Ureaplasmas [ Time Frame: on-going ]
- Clinical Cure as Measured by the Absence of Recurrent or Persistent Signs and/or Symptoms of Urethral Infection Among Case Subjects Who Were Positive for M. Genitalium or Ureaplasmas at the Initial Study Visit [ Time Frame: approximately 3 weeks after initial study visit (allowable window is 2-5 weeks after initial study visit) ]
|Study Start Date:||January 2007|
|Study Completion Date:||November 2011|
|Primary Completion Date:||November 2011 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Active Comparator: Active azithromycin+placebo doxycycline
Active azithromycin (1g) and placebo doxycycline
two 500mg tablets or four 250mg tablets administered as a single dose
Active Comparator: Active doxycycline+placebo azithromycin
Active doxycycline and placebo azithromycin
one 100mg capsule administered twice daily for seven days
The primary objective of this study is to determine the relative effectiveness of azithromycin and doxycycline in eradicating Mycoplasma genitalium and Ureaplasmas among men with nongonococcal urethritis (NGU).
Secondary objectives of this study are to:
- determine the sensitivity of persisting organisms to azithromycin and doxycycline by performing minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) testing
- determine the relationship between persistence/recurrence of clinical signs and persistent/recurrent detection of M. genitalium and Ureaplasmas among men with NGU treated with azithromycin or doxycycline, measured by follow-up clinical exams and repeated assays performed on specimens collected at follow-up study visits
1200 men with NGU, ages 16 and older, will be enrolled in a randomized double-blinded treatment trial. Urine samples, oral swabs, and urethral swabs will be obtained from each subject at the initial clinic visit. Urine specimens will be tested for M. genitalium and Ureaplasma. Study participants will be randomly assigned to receive one of two pre-packaged treatments: active doxycycline plus placebo azithromycin or active azithromycin plus placebo doxycycline. Subjects will complete a questionnaire, and will be given a simple standardized log in which they will be asked to keep track of adherence to the study drug, record solicited adverse events, note when symptoms disappear and/or reappear, and document sexual activity between study visits.
Subjects who test positive for M. genitalium or Ureaplasmas at the initial clinic visit will be asked to return for at least two follow-up study visits: at approximately 3 and 6 weeks following the initial clinic visit. During follow-up visits, participants will answer a follow-up questionnaire and will be re-evaluated for signs of urethritis and re-tested for M. genitalium and Ureaplasmas. Study participants with signs and/or symptoms of urethritis or who test positive for M. genitalium or Ureaplasmas at the follow-up study visits will receive a blinded treatment packet containing the alternate medication, or will be offered open-label moxifloxacin if the alternate treatment regimen was administered at the prior follow-up study visit. If additional treatment is administered at the 6-week follow-up study visit, a fourth study visit will be scheduled to occur approximately 9 or 10 weeks following the initial clinic visit.
Study participants who were negative for M. genitalium and Ureaplasma at enrollment will be asked to return for evaluation for a single follow-up study visit, approximately 3 weeks after the initial clinic visit. At this visit they will complete the follow-up questionnaire and provide specimens for future testing.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00358462
|United States, Washington|
|Public Health -- Seattle & King County Sexually Transmitted Diseases Clinic located at Harborview Medical Center|
|Seattle, Washington, United States, 98104|
|Principal Investigator:||Lisa E Manhart, PhD||University of Washington|