Intravenous Mepolizumab In Children With Eosinophilic Esophagitis

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
GlaxoSmithKline
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00358449
First received: July 27, 2006
Last updated: February 11, 2016
Last verified: February 2016
  Purpose
This study will evaluate the safety, tolerability, pharmacokinetics, and pharmacodynamics of intravenous mepolizumab in pediatric subjects with eosinophilic esophagitis.

Condition Intervention Phase
Oesophagitis, Eosinophilic
Drug: mepolizumab
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Pharmacokinetics/Dynamics Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Randomized, Double-blind, Parallel Group Clinical Trial to Assess Safety, Tolerability, Pharmacokinetics, and Pharmacodynamics of Intravenous Mepolizumab (SB240563)(0.55mg/kg, 2.5mg/kg or 10mg/kg) in Pediatric Subjects With Eosinophilic Esophagitis, Aged 2 to 17 Years (Study MEE103219)

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by GlaxoSmithKline:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Number of Participants With Any Adverse Events (AE), Any Serious Adverse Event (SAE) and Drug-related AE During Treatment Phase (TP) and Follow-up Phase (FP) [ Time Frame: From first dose of study treatment (Day 1) up to Follow-up Phase (Week 24) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    An AE is defined as any untoward medical occurrence in a participant, temporally associated with the use of a medicinal product, whether or not considered related to the medicinal product. A serious adverse event is defined as any untoward medical occurrence that, at any dose that Results in death, life-threatening; requires hospitalization or prolongation of existing hospitalization; results in disability/incapacity; a congenital anomaly/birth defect. Drug-related AE's were considered to have a reasonable possibility of being related to treatment by the investigator. AE, SAE and drug-related AEs are summarized by TP and FP.

  • Number of Participants With Indicated Biochemistry Parameters Falling Outside of Reference Range (RR) in Any Vist Post-Basline During Study Period. [ Time Frame: From first dose of study treatment (Day 1) up to Follow-up Phase (Week 24) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Blood samples were collected at Day 1, Weeks 4, 8, 12, 16, 20 and 24 to estimate the following biochemistry parameters: alanine amino transferase (ALT), aspartate amino transferase (AST), albumin (Ab), total protein (ToP), creatinine (Cr), total bilirubin (TB), calcium (Ca), bicarbonate (Bi), chloride (Cl), glucose (Glu), potassium (Pot), and sodium (Sod). Laboratory abnormalities outside the reference range (high and low values) at any time post baseline were presented. Any time post Baseline = all visits (including scheduled and unscheduled). If participant had given both high and low value at least once then participant is counted under both high and low category for this visit.

  • Number of Participants With Indicated Hematology Parameters Falling Outside of Reference Range (RR) in Any Vist Post-Basline During the Study Period. [ Time Frame: From first dose of study treatment (Day 1) up to Long-term Follow-up Phase (Week 34) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Blood samples were collected pre-infusion at Day 1, Week 4 and Week 8; and 24h and 72h post-infusion at Day 1, Week 4 and Week 8 time points and at Weeks 2, 6, 10, 12, 16, 20, 24, and 34 to estimate the following hematology parameters: basophils (Bas), percentage of basophils (% Bas), lymphocytes (Lym), percentage of Lym (% Lym), monocytes (Mon), percentage of Mon (% Mon), platelet count (PC), total neutrophils (TN), percentage of TN (% TN), white blood cell count (WBC), hematocrit (He), hemoglobin (Hg), and red blood cell count (RBC). Laboratory abnormalities outside the reference range (high and low values) at any time post baseline were presented. Any time post Baseline = all visits (including scheduled and unscheduled). If participant had given both high and low value at least once then participant is counted under both high and low category for this visit.

  • Number of Participants With the Indicated Change From Baseline in ECG Findings at Any Time Post-Baseline [ Time Frame: Screening, Weeks 4, 8 and 12 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    12-lead ECG assessments were obtained at the following time points: screening, and Weeks 4, 8 and 12.. Overall ECG findings were summarized using the worst case findings without regard to visits ie. "any time post Baseline". Change from Baseline in ECG findings were categorized as clinically significant change from Baseline; no clinically significant change from Baseline and not applicable.

  • Change From Baseline in Systolic Blood Pressure (SBP) and Diastolic Blood Pressure (DBP) at the Indicated Time Points [ Time Frame: Screening, Day 1, Weeks 4, 8, 12, 16, 20, and 24 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    SBP and DBP measurements were obtained at the following time points: screening, pre-infusion, 10 minutes (m), 30m, 1 hour (h), 2h post-infusion on Day 1, Week 4, Week 8; and Weeks 12, 16, 20 and 24. Screening value was considered as the Baseline value. Change from Baseline was calculated as the post-Baseline value minus the Baseline value.

  • Change From Baseline in Heart Rate at the Indicated Time Points [ Time Frame: Screening, Day 1, Weeks 4, 8, 12, 16, 20, and 24 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Heart rate measurements were obtained at the following time points: Screening, pre-infusion, 10m, 30m, 1h, 2h post-infusion on Day 1, Week 4, Week 8; and Weeks 12, 16, 20 and 24. Screening value was considered as the Baseline value. Change from Baseline was calculated as the post-Baseline value minus the Baseline value.

  • Change From Baseline in Temperature at the Indicated Time Points [ Time Frame: Screening, Day 1, Weeks 4, 8, 12, 16, 20 and 24 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Temperature measurements were obtained at the following time points: Screening, Day 1, and Weeks 4, 8, 12, 16, 20 and 24. Screening value was considered as the Baseline value. Change from Baseline was calculated as the post-Baseline value minus the Baseline value.

  • Number of Participants With Positive and Negative Anti-mepolizumab Antibody Results at Any Visit and Repeat Visit. [ Time Frame: Day 1, Weeks 4, 8, 12, 24, and 34 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Blood samples for testing anti-mepolizumab antibodies were collected on Day 1, Week 4 and 8 Infusion Visit (before the IV infusion) and at Week 12, 24 and 34 Week follow-up visits. The presence of anti-human mepolizumab antibodies was assessed using an immunoelectrochemiluminescent (ECL) assay. To address transient positive results, an assessment of repeated results were made. For any visit category: results were considered as positive if it was positive at any visit during the study, and results were considered as negative if it were negative at all visits during the study. For repeat visit category: results were considered as postive if the result was positive at >1 visit, and results were considered as negative if the result was negative at all visits or was positive at only one visit.

  • Number of Participants Achieving a Reduction in Peak Esophageal Eosinophil Count to < 5 Cells Per High Power Field (HPF) at Week 12 [ Time Frame: Week 12 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    A responder was defined as a participant achieving a reduction in esophageal eosinophils to <5 cells per HPF as the highest count of eosinophils per HPF in all the esophageal sites biopsied at Week 12, confirmed by biopsy at Week 12 or at an early withdrawal visit prior to Week 12. A worst case (WC) approach was considered, if a particiapant withdrew prematurely : If a particiapnt dropped out of the study without having a biopsy taken, due to lack of efficacy or an adverse event, their response was imputed as not achieved. Participants who withdrew, without a biopsy, for other reasons (e.g. lost to follow-up) were considered non-evaluable for the primary analysis. For participants who withdrew early from the study and had a biopsy, the biopsy was used to determine their response.

  • Central (V1), Periperial (V2) and Steady-State (Vss) Volume of Distribution of Mepolizumab [ Time Frame: Day 1, Weeks 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12, 16, 20, 24, and 34 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Volume of distribution is defined as the theoretical volume in which the total amount of drug is uniformly distributed to produce the desired plasma concentration of a drug. Central volume of distribution is a hypothetical volume into which a drug initially distributes upon administration. Peripheral volume of distribution is the sum of all tissue spaces outside the central compartment. Steady state volume of distribution (Vss) is the apparent volume of distribution at steady-state. Blood samples were obtained at pre-infusion and 5m, 2h, 24h, 72-96h post-infusion at Day 1, Weeks 4, 8; and Weeks 2, 6 10, 12, 16, 20, 24 and 34 from each participant to estimate central (V1) and periperial (V2) and Steady State (Vss) volume of distribution of mepolizumab.

  • Plasma Clearance (CL) of Mepolizumab [ Time Frame: Day 1, Weeks 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12, 16, 20, 24, and 34 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Clearance is defined as the removal of drug from a volume of plasma in a given unit of time (drug loss from the body). Blood samples were obtained at pre-infusion and 5m, 2h, 24h, 72-96h post-infusion at Day 1, Weeks 4, 8; and Weeks 2, 6 10, 12, 16, 20, 24 and 34 from each participant to estimate plasma clearance of mepolizumab.


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Change From Baseline in Pain in Stomach Severity Scores [ Time Frame: Screening, Weeks 9-12 and Weeks 21-24 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Par.and/or parent/guardian recorded daily symptoms of eosinophilic esophagitis on a hand held personal digital assistant (electronic diary) during the Screening Phase, TP, and FP. A severity score of 0 was assigned for days on which pain in stomach was not experienced. If pain in stomach was reported, severity of pain was assessed as: 1=hurt a little, 2=hurt somewhat, 3=hurt quite a bit, and 4=hurt a whole lot. The average pain severity for the interval (Baseline, Weeks 9-12, Weeks 21-24) was calculated as the sum of the pain severity scores for that interval (including days assigned as 0) divided by the number of days in the interval. Screening phase was considered as the Baseline interval. Change from Baseline was calculated as the value for that interval minus the value for the Baseline interval. Analysis was performed using parametric Analysis of Covariance (ANCOVA) models with terms for the relevant Baseline score, treatment group, age group and treatment by age group interaction

  • Change From Baseline in Pain in Chest/Throat Severity Scores [ Time Frame: Screening, Weeks 9-12 and Weeks 21-24 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Par. and/or parent/guardian recorded daily symptoms of eosinophilic esophagitis on a hand held personal digital assistant (electronic diary) during the Screening Phase, TP, and FP. A severity score of 0 was assigned for days on which pain in chest/throat was not experienced. If pain in chest/throat was reported, severity of pain was assessed as: 1=hurt a little, 2=hurt somewhat, 3=hurt quite a bit, and 4=hurt a whole lot. The average pain severity for the interval (Baseline, Weeks 9-12, Weeks 21-24) was calculated as the sum of the pain severity scores for that interval (including days assigned as 0) divided by the number of days in the interval. Screening phase was considered as the Baseline interval. Change from Baseline was calculated as the value for that interval minus the value for the Baseline interval. Analysis was performed using parametric ANCOVA models with terms for the relevant Baseline score, treatment group, age group and treatment by age group interaction.

  • Change From Baseline in Percentage of Days With Pain in Stomach [ Time Frame: Screening, Weeks 9-12 and Weeks 21-24 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The percentage of days with the symptom of pain in stomach during each analysis interval (Baseline, Weeks 9-12 and Weeks 21-24) was calculated as the number of days the symptom was experienced divided by the number of days in the analysis interval, and presented as a percentage (ie, the proportion X 100%). Screening phase was considered as Baseline interval. Change from Baseline for each analysis interval was calculated as the value for that interval minus the value for the Baseline interval. Analysis was performed using parametric ANCOVA model with terms for Baseline score, treatment group, age group and treatment by age group interaction. The OC datasets with incorrect questionnaires excluded were used for the analysis.

  • Change From Baseline in Percentage of Days With Pain in Chest/Throat [ Time Frame: Screening, Weeks 9-12 and Weeks 21-24 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The percentage of days with the symptom of pain in chest/throat during each analysis interval (Baseline, Weeks 9-12 and Weeks 21-24) was calculated as the number of days the symptom was experienced divided by the number of days in the analysis interval, and presented as a percentage (ie, the proportion X 100%). Screening phase was considered as Baseline interval. Change from Baseline for each analysis interval was calculated as the value for that interval minus the value for the Baseline interval. Analysis was performed using parametric ANCOVA model with terms for Baseline score, treatment group, age group and treatment by age group interaction. The OC datasets with incorrect questionnaires excluded were used for the analysis.

  • Change From Baseline in Regurgitation Bothersome Scores [ Time Frame: Screening, Weeks 9-12 and Weeks 21-24 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Par. and/or parent/guardian recorded daily symptoms of eosinophilic esophagitis on a hand held personal digital assistant (electronic diary) during the Screening Phase, TP, and FP. A score of 0 was assigned for days on which the symptom regurgitation was not experienced. The days regurgitation experienced, the amount the symptom bothered the Par. was assessed as 1=not bothered at all, 2=bothered a little, 3=somewhat bothered, 4=bothered quite a bit, 5=bothered a whole lot. The average pain severity for the interval (Baseline, Weeks 9-12, Weeks 21-24) was calculated as the sum of the pain severity scores for that interval (including days assigned as 0) divided by the number of days in the interval. Screening phase was considered as Baseline interval. Change from Baseline was calculated as the value for that interval minus the value for the Baseline interval. Analysis was performed using parametric ANCOVA models with terms for Baseline score, treatment group, age group interactions

  • Change From Baseline in Percentage of Days With Regurgitation Bothersome Scores [ Time Frame: Screening, Weeks 9-12 and Weeks 21-24 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The percentage of days with the symptom of pain in regurgitation bothersome during each analysis interval (Baseline, Weeks 9-12 and Weeks 21-24) was calculated as the number of days the symptom was experienced divided by the number of days in the analysis interval, and presented as a percentage (ie, the proportion X 100%). Screening phase was considered as Baseline interval. Change from Baseline for each analysis interval was calculated as the value for that interval minus the value for the Baseline interval. Analysis was performed using parametric ANCOVA model with terms for Baseline score, treatment group, age group and treatment by age group interaction. The OC datasets with incorrect questionnaires excluded were used for the analysis.

  • Change From Baseline in Frequency of Vomiting [ Time Frame: Screening, Weeks 9-12 and Weeks 21-24 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Par. and/or parent/guardian recorded daily symptoms of eosinophilic esophagitis on a hand held personal digital assistant (electronic diary) during the Screening Phase, TP, and FP. A participant vomiting any time was counted as one episode of vomiting, irrespective of how close they are to each other. The daily frequency of vomiting was calculated as the total number of times the participant vomited during the interval divided by the number of days in the interval. Screening phase was considered as Baseline interval. Change from Baseline was calculated as the value for that interval minus the value for the Baseline interval. Analysis was performed using parametric ANCOVA models with terms for the relevant Baseline score, treatment group, age group and treatment by age group interaction.

  • Change From Baseline in Percentage of Days With Vomiting [ Time Frame: Screening, Weeks 9-12 and Weeks 21-24 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The percentage of days with the symptom of vomiting during each analysis interval (Baseline, Weeks 9-12 and Weeks 21-24) was calculated as the number of days the symptom was experienced divided by the number of days in the analysis interval, and presented as a percentage (ie, the proportion X 100%). Screening phase was considered as Baseline interval. Change from Baseline for each analysis interval was calculated as the value for that interval minus the value for the Baseline interval. Analysis was performed using parametric ANCOVA model with terms for Baseline score, treatment group, age group and treatment by age group interaction. The OC datasets with incorrect questionnaires excluded were used for the analysis.

  • Change From Baseline in Daily Degree of Difficulty With Drinking [ Time Frame: Screening, Weeks 9-12 and Weeks 21-24 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Par. and/or parent/guardian recorded daily symptoms of eosinophilic esophagitis on a hand held personal digital assistant (electronic diary) during the Screening Phase, TP, and FP. A score of 6 was assigned days the participant did not drink. The amount of difficulty with drinking was assessed as 1=no difficulty, 2=a little difficulty, 3=some difficulty, 4=quite a bit of difficulty, 5=a whole lot of difficulty. The average difficulty for the interval (Baseline, Weeks 9-12, Weeks 21-24) was calculated as the sum of the drinking difficulty scores for that interval (including days assigned as 6) divided by the number of days in the interval. Screening phase was considered as Baseline interval. Change from Baseline was calculated as the value for that interval minus the value for the baseline interval. Analysis was performed using parametric ANCOVA models with terms for the relevant Baseline score, treatment group, age group and treatment by age group interaction.

  • Change From Baseline in Pain With Drinking Severity Scores [ Time Frame: Screening, Weeks 9-12 and Weeks 21-24 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Par. and/or parent/guardian recorded daily symptoms of eosinophilic esophagitis on a hand held personal digital assistant (electronic diary) during the Screening Phase, TP, and FP. A score of 6 was assigned the day participant did not drink. The severity of pain was assessed as: 1=didn't hurt at all, 2=hurt a little, 3=hurt somewhat, 4=hurt quite a bit, and 5=hurt a whole lot. The average difficulty and pain severity scores was calculated as the sum of the respective scores for that interval divided by the number of days in the interval. . Screening phase was considered as Baseline interval. Change from Baseline was calculated as the value for that interval minus the value for the Baseline interval. Analysis was performed using parametric ANCOVA models with terms for the relevant Baseline score, treatment group, age group and treatment by age group interaction.

  • Change From Baseline in Percentage of Days on Which the Participant Drank [ Time Frame: Screening, Weeks 9-12 and Weeks 21-24 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The percentage of days with the symptom of difficulty and pain when participant drank during each analysis interval (Baseline, Weeks 9-12 and Weeks 21-24) was calculated as the number of days the symptom was experienced divided by the number of days in the analysis interval, and presented as a percentage (ie, the proportion X 100%). Screening phase was considered as Baseline interval. Change from Baseline for each analysis interval was calculated as the value for that interval minus the value for the Baseline interval. Analysis was performed using parametric ANCOVA model with terms for Baseline score, treatment group, age group and treatment by age group interaction. The OC datasets with incorrect questionnaires excluded were used for the analysis.

  • Change From Baseline in Difficulty With Eating Solid Foods [ Time Frame: Screening, Weeks 9-12 and Weeks 21-24 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Par. and/or parent/guardian recorded daily symptoms of eosinophilic esophagitis on a hand held personal digital assistant (electronic diary) during the Screening Phase, TP and FP. A score of 6 was assigned for that symptom when Par. did not eat solid foods. When Par.eat solid foods, the amount of difficulty was assessed as 1=no difficulty, 2=a little difficulty, 3=some difficulty, 4=quite a bit of difficulty, 5=a whole lot of difficulty. The average pain severity for the interval (Baseline, Weeks 9-12, Weeks 21-24) was calculated as the sum of the pain severity scores for that interval (including days assigned as 6) divided by the number of days in the interval. Screening phase was considered as Baseline interval. Change from Baseline was calculated as the value for that interval minus the value for the Baseline interval. Analysis was performed using parametric ANCOVA models with terms for the relevant Baseline score, treatment group, age group and treatment by age group interactions.

  • Change in Baseline in Pain With Eating Solid Foods Severity Scores [ Time Frame: Screening, Weeks 9-12 and Weeks 21-24 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Par. and/or parent/guardian recorded daily symptoms of eosinophilic esophagitis on a hand held personal digital assistant (electronic diary) during the Screening Phase, TP, and FP. A score of 6 was assigned for that symptom when Par. did not eat. The severity of pain was assessed when Par. eats food as: 1=didn't hurt at all, 2=hurt a little, 3=hurt somewhat, 4=hurt quite a bit, and 5=hurt a whole lot. The average pain severity for the interval (Baseline, Weeks 9-12, Weeks 21-24) was calculated as the sum of the pain severity scores for that interval (including days assigned as 6) divided by the number of days in the interval. Screening phase was considered as Baseline interval. Change from Baseline was calculated as the value for that interval minus the value for the Baseline interval. Analysis was performed using parametric ANCOVA models with terms for the relevant Baseline score, treatment group, age group and treatment by age group interaction.

  • Change From Baseline in the Percentage of Days Participants Ate Solid Foods [ Time Frame: Screening, Weeks 9-12 and Weeks 21-24 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The percentage of days with the symptom of difficulty and pain when eating solid foods during each analysis interval (Baseline, Weeks 9-12 and Weeks 21-24) was calculated as the number of days the symptom was experienced divided by the number of days in the analysis interval, and presented as a percentage (ie, the proportion X 100%). Screening phase was considered as Baseline interval. Change from Baseline for each analysis interval was calculated as the value for that interval minus the value for the Baseline interval. Analysis was performed using parametric ANCOVA model with terms for Baseline score, treatment group, age group and treatment by age group interaction. The OC datasets with incorrect questionnaires excluded were used for the analysis.

  • Change From Baseline in Feeling of Something Stuck in Throat Bothersome Scores (for Par. 8-17 Years Only) [ Time Frame: Screening, Weeks 9-12 and Weeks 21-24 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Par. and/or parent/guardian recorded daily symptoms of the feeling like something is stuck in throat on a hand held personal digital assistant (electronic diary) during the Screening Phase, TP, and FP. A score of 0 was assigned for days on which the symptom of feeling of something stuck was not experienced. On days that feeling of something stuck in the throat was experienced, the amount the symptom bothered the Par. was assessed as 1=not bothered at all, 2=bothered a little, 3=somewhat bothered, 4=bothered quite a bit, 5=bothered a whole lot. Average bothersome score was calculated as the sum of the respective scores for that interval divided by the number of days. Screening phase was considered as Baseline interval. Change from Baseline was calculated as the value for that interval minus the value for the Baseline interval. Analysis was performed using parametric ANCOVA models with terms for the relevant Baseline score, treatment group, age group and treatment by age interaction.

  • Change From Baseline in Percentage of Days With Feeling of Something Stuck in Throat (for Par. 8-17 Years) [ Time Frame: Screening, Weeks 9-12 and Weeks 21-24 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The percentage of days with feeling of something stuck in throat during each analysis period (Baseline, Weeks 9-12 and Weeks 21-24) was calculated as the number of days the symptom was experienced divided by the number of days in the analysis interval, and presented as a percentage (ie, the proportion X 100%). Screening phase was considered as Baseline interval. Change from Baseline for each analysis interval was calculated as the value for that interval minus the value for the Baseline interval. Analysis was performed using parametric ANCOVA model with terms for Baseline score, treatment group, age group and treatment by age group interaction. The OC datasets with incorrect questionnaires excluded were used for the analysis.

  • Number of Participants With Maintenance of Response [ Time Frame: Week 12 and Week 24 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Participants who achieved a response of <5 esophageal eosinophils/HPF at Week 12 by worst case analysis, were evaluated for maintenance of response of <20 cells/HPF at Week 24. Response categories were defined as: non-responder (did not respond at Week 12 or Week 24); delayed responder (did not respond at Week 12 but responded at Week 24); relapsed (responded at Week 12 but not at Week 24); maintained (responded at Week 12 and Week 24). The following assumptions were made for worst case: if a Participant dropped out of the study due to lack of efficacy or an adverse event and had a missing response, their response was imputed as not achieved (i.e. failure). However for Participants withdrawn for other reasons (e.g. lost to follow-up) with a missing response (i.e. did not have the biopsy) the response was made as missing and not imputed.

  • Mean Change From Baseline in Peak Esophageal Eosinophil Counts at Weeks 12 and 24 [ Time Frame: Baseline, Weeks 12 and 24 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Participants underwent an esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) with biopsies at Screening and at Weeks 12 and 24. Peak esophageal eosinophils were calculated as the maximum count across all esophageal biopsies at each time point. Screening value was considered as the Baseline value. Change from baseline was calculated as the post-Baseline value minus the Baseline value.

  • Change From Baseline in Mean Esophageal Eosinophil Counts at Weeks 12 and 24 [ Time Frame: Baseline, Weeks 12 and 24 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Participants underwent an EGD with biopsies at Screening and at Weeks 12 and 24. Mean esophageal eosinophils were calculated as the mean number across all esophageal biopsies at each time point. Screening value was considered as the Baseline value. Change from Baseline was calculated as the post-Baseline value minus the Baseline value.

  • Absolute Blood Eosinophils Count at the Indicated Time Points [ Time Frame: Screening, Day 1, Weeks 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12, 16, 20, 24 and 34 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Blood samples were obtained at Screening, pre-infusion and 24h and 72-96h post-infusion at Day 1, Weeks 4 and 8; and at Week 2, 6, 10, 12, 16, 20, 24 and 34 visits or Early Withdrawal Visit to estimate blood eosinophil count.

  • Plasma Concentration of Mepolizumab [ Time Frame: Day 1, Weeks 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12, 16, 20, 24 and 34 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Blood samples were obtained at pre-infusion and 5m, 2h, 24h, 72-96h post-infusion at Day 1, Weeks 4, 8; and Weeks 2, 6 10, 12, 16, 20, 24 and 34 to estimate the plasma concentration of mepolizumab. Only those participants available at specified time points are analyzed (represented as n=X,X,X in the category titles).


Enrollment: 77
Study Start Date: September 2006
Study Completion Date: November 2008
Primary Completion Date: November 2008 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Mepolizumab 0.55 mg/kg
Participants received mepolizumab 0.55 milligrams (mg)/kilogram (kg) by intravenous (IV) infusion for 30 minutes on Day 1, Week 4 and Week 8.
Drug: mepolizumab
Participants received mepolizumab 0.55 milligrams (mg)/kilogram (kg), 2.5 mg/kg , or 10 mg/kg by intravenous (IV) infusion for 30 minutes on Day 1, Week 4 and Week 8.
Experimental: Mepolizumab 2.5 mg/kg
Participants received mepolizumab 2.5 mg/kg by IV infusion for 30 minutes on Day 1, Week 4 and Week 8.
Drug: mepolizumab
Participants received mepolizumab 0.55 milligrams (mg)/kilogram (kg), 2.5 mg/kg , or 10 mg/kg by intravenous (IV) infusion for 30 minutes on Day 1, Week 4 and Week 8.
Experimental: Mepolizumab 10 mg/kg
Participants received mepolizumab 10 mg/kg by IV infusion for 30 minutes on Day 1, Week 4 and Week 8.
Drug: mepolizumab
Participants received mepolizumab 0.55 milligrams (mg)/kilogram (kg), 2.5 mg/kg , or 10 mg/kg by intravenous (IV) infusion for 30 minutes on Day 1, Week 4 and Week 8.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   2 Years to 17 Years   (Child)
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

A subject will be eligible for inclusion in this study only if all of the following criteria apply. Inclusion criteria pertain to all subjects in both cohorts (treatment and observational) unless otherwise stated.

  • The subject signs and dates a written assent form (age appropriate) and the parent/guardian signs and dates a written informed consent form prior to the initiation of any study-related activities, including discontinuation of any prohibited medications.
  • Male or female subjects aged 2 to 17 years (from 2nd birthday up to and not including 18th birthday), who weigh ≤ 84.9kg (males)/ ≤ 72.5 (females) and who have a BMI between 5 and 85% for age, who speak, read and write English as age appropriate and/or parent/guardian.

NOTE: If subject is within weight requirements but close to the upper or lower limits at screening and the investigator anticipates that during the study the subject's weight will change a become outside the weight requirements, the subject should be excluded from the study.

  • To be eligible for entry in the treatment group of the study, a female subject is eligible to enter the study if she is:
  • - Not pregnant or nursing
  • - Of non-childbearing potential. Non-childbearing potential is defined as a pre-menarcheal female who has not yet entered puberty as evidenced by lack of breast development (palpable glandular breast tissue); or a female who has documentation (medical report verification) of hysterectomy and/or bilateral oophorectomy.
  • - Of childbearing potential. These females subjects must have a negative urine pregnancy test at the screening visit, and agree to consistent and correct use of one of the acceptable methods of birth control from at least the commencement of their last normal period prior to the first dose of study medication and to continue until the first normal period after treatment or after the Week 24 Follow-up visit, whichever is longest.
  • The subject has a diagnosis of eosinophilic esophagitis and current evidence on biopsy of isolated eosinophilic esophagitis defined as:
  • - Peak esophageal eosinophil counts (highest count of eosinophils per HPF in at least one of all esophageal sites biopsied) of 20 or more eosinophils in a minimum of one HPF at 400X magnification on histology of esophageal biopsies from distal and mid-esophagus within two weeks of commencing study medication, as determined by the central histopathologist.

and

  • - Inadequate response to or intolerant of therapy for eosinophilic esophagitis
  • - -The individual investigators will apply their clinical judgment to define whether a clinical response to therapy for eosinophilic esophagitis is inadequate. As guidance, inadequate response might consist of persistence under current or recent prior therapy, of symptoms of eosinophilic esophagitis such as eosinophilic esophagitis-related pain in stomach, chest or throat; regurgitation; vomiting; pain or difficulties associated with drinking fluids or nutritional supplements; or pain or difficulties associated with eating. An inadequate response might also consist of persistent eosinophilic infiltration of the esophagus, in the presence or in the absence of eosinophilic esophagitis-related symptoms.
  • - Similarly, the individual investigators will apply their clinical judgment to define whether a patient is intolerant to therapy. For guidance, intolerance to therapy for eosinophilic esophagitis may consist of undesirable side-effects of long-term therapy; or side-effects of long-term therapy that are difficult to manage; or marked non-compliance to therapy or rejection of therapy by the individual patient, or by the parent/guardian, which in the opinion of the investigator interferes with the patient's optimal disease management.

The criteria used by the investigator to define inadequate response to or intolerance of therapy for eosinophilic esophagitis will be collected in the CRF.

Exclusion Criteria:

A subject will not be eligible for inclusion in this study if any of the following criteria apply. Exclusion criteria pertain to all subjects in both cohorts (treatment and observational) unless otherwise stated.

  • Current evidence of eosinophilic gastrointestinal enteropathy (EGID), other than eosinophilic esophagitis.
  • Evidence of gastroesophageal reflux disease, or other causes of esophagitis which in the investigator's opinion is the predominant cause of the subject's esophageal eosinophilia so that the investigator's opinion is allowed.
  • Current presence, or history of (anytime in the past):
  • - hypereosinophilic syndromes,
  • - collagen vascular disease,
  • - vasculitis,
  • - allergic drug reaction as the cause of the peripheral eosinophilia,
  • - graft-versus host disease
  • - chronic idiopathic inflammatory bowel disorders (ulcerative colitis, Crohn's disease, chronic granulomatous disease).
  • Current evidence, or history of celiac disease.
  • Current evidence of active H. pylori infection.
  • Abnormal 12-lead ECG at Screening which is clinically significant in the opinion of the investigator. Note that this exclusion criterion does not apply for subjects who are considered for enrollment in the observational cohort.
  • Use or administration of any of the prohibited medications from Screening and throughout completion of Week 34 follow-up. Note that this exclusion criterion does not apply for subjects who are considered for enrollment in the observational cohort.
  • Failure to remain on a stable dose of one (or more) permitted medication(s) for at least 1 month prior to the Screening visit and throughout completion of Week 24 follow-up assessments. Note that this exclusion criterion does not apply for subjects who are considered for enrollment in the observational cohort.
  • Failure to remain on stable elemental diet or dietary manipulations for at least 3 months prior to the Screening Visit and throughout completion of Week 34 follow-up assessments. Note that this exclusion criterion does not apply for subjects who are considered for enrollment in the observational cohort.
  • Known history of allergic reaction to previous antibody therapy.
  • Any previous treatment with anti-hIL-5, anti-IgE monoclonal antibody or other biological agents.
  • Use of an investigational drug within 30 days of entering the study. Note that this exclusion criterion does not apply for subjects who are considered for enrollment in the observational cohort.
  • Exhibits evidence of renal disease or serum creatinine > 1.5 times upper limit of normal range (ULN). Note that this exclusion criterion does not apply for subjects who are considered for enrollment in the observational cohort.
  • Exhibits evidence of hepatic disease, impairment or abnormal liver function test i.e. AST, ALT >1.5 times ULN, bilirubin >1.5 times ULN. Note that this exclusion criterion does not apply for subjects who are considered for enrollment in the observational cohort.
  • Known evidence of the following infections/infestations:
  • - HIV
  • - Hepatitis B or C
  • - Bacterial infection
  • - Parasitic infestation.
  • History or suspicion of current drug abuse and alcohol abuse within the last 6 months.
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00358449

  Show 29 Study Locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
GlaxoSmithKline
Investigators
Study Director: GSK Clinical Trials GlaxoSmithKline
  More Information

Publications:
Responsible Party: GlaxoSmithKline
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00358449     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: MEE103219 
Study First Received: July 27, 2006
Results First Received: November 5, 2015
Last Updated: February 11, 2016
Health Authority: Canada: Health Canada
Australia: Department of Health and Ageing Therapeutic Goods Administration
United States: Food and Drug Administration

Keywords provided by GlaxoSmithKline:
eosinophilic
mepolizumab
esophagitis

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Esophagitis
Eosinophilic Esophagitis
Esophageal Diseases
Gastrointestinal Diseases
Digestive System Diseases
Gastroenteritis
Eosinophilia
Leukocyte Disorders
Hematologic Diseases
Hypersensitivity, Immediate
Hypersensitivity
Immune System Diseases

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on July 28, 2016