Alpha-Adrenoceptor Vascular Function In Chronic Kidney Disease Focus On The Role Of Endothelial Nitric Oxide
|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00356265|
Recruitment Status : Terminated (Futility: Impossible to recruit enough hypertensive participants to match Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) participants on needed parameters.)
First Posted : July 25, 2006
Results First Posted : January 23, 2018
Last Update Posted : January 23, 2018
The purpose of this study is to learn more about why most patients with early stages of kidney disease have high blood pressure.
We know the body produces natural substances that cause blood vessels to open wider to carry more blood when needed. An example is during exercise. Other natural substances cause blood vessels to get smaller and slow down blood flow when needed. An example is when people are cold. The balance between these substances is important. People with kidney disease and high blood pressure do not have the normal balance of these substances.
This study will include 3 groups of people, people with normal blood pressure, people with high blood pressure and people with kidney disease.
- Subjects will have a screening physical examination, including an ECG and laboratory tests
- Subjects with high blood pressure may not take their regular blood pressure medication for 3 weeks prior to the inpatient GCRC study
- Subjects will be given intra-arterial medications that will cause changes in the blood vessels during the in-patient study.
The study will then compare the responses of the three groups. A GFR test will be done to confirm the renal function of the group with chronic kidney disease.
These studies will provide insight into the mechanisms of the pathogenesis of enhanced α1 vasoreactivity in subjects with progressive renal disease. This will lay the groundwork for new strategies in the treatment and prevention of vascular disease among the rapidly growing group of individuals with CKD.
|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment|
|Chronic Kidney Disease Hypertension||Drug: Procedure: Regional phenylephrine arterial infusion|
Enhanced adrenergic vascular reactivity may significantly contribute to hypertension and the excessive cardiovascular disease burden in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). Nitric oxide (NO), a modulator of neurovascular function, may be linked to adrenergic vascular responsiveness. The central HYPOTHESIS is that the reduction in endothelial nitric oxide (NO) bioavailability contributes to the enhancement of α1-adrenoceptor vasomotor function in patients with CKD.
Specific Aims: In patients with mild to moderate CKD, compared to matched hypertensive and normotensive controls without CKD:
- Determine if α1-adrenoceptor vasoreactivity is enhanced less by inhibition of endothelial NO
- Determine whether α1-adrenoceptor vasoreactivity correlates with plasma levels of the endogenous NO inhibitor, asymmetrical dimethylarginine.
Methods: CKD will be confirmed by I125-iothalamate glomerular filtration rate. Regional α1-adrenoceptor vasoreactivity (sensitivity [EC50], reactivity [slope]) will be assessed by venous plethsymography using a graded intra-arterial infusion of the α1-adrenoceptor agonist, phenylephrine. Comparisons of vasoreactivity at baseline and during infusions of L-NMMA will be made between hypertensive non-diabetic subjects with glomerular filtrations rates between 30-70 ml/min age-, gender-, ethnicity- and % body fat-matched hypertensive and normotensive subjects with normal kidney function. In addition, plasma levels of the endogenous NO inhibitor, asymmetric dimethylarginine will be measured in the hypertensive subjects with and without CKD and compared to vasoreactivity.
Significance. These studies will provide insight into the mechanisms of the pathogenesis of enhanced α1 vasoreactivity in subjects with progressive renal disease.
|Study Type :||Interventional (Clinical Trial)|
|Actual Enrollment :||18 participants|
|Intervention Model:||Parallel Assignment|
|Intervention Model Description:||All three groups will have the same intervention|
|Masking:||None (Open Label)|
|Official Title:||Alpha-Adrenoceptor Vascular Function In Chronic Kidney Disease Focus On The Role Of Endothelial Nitric Oxide|
|Actual Study Start Date :||July 2006|
|Primary Completion Date :||November 2010|
|Study Completion Date :||November 2010|
|Experimental: CKD||Drug: Procedure: Regional phenylephrine arterial infusion|
|Active Comparator: Hypertension group||Drug: Procedure: Regional phenylephrine arterial infusion|
|Active Comparator: Normotensive group||Drug: Procedure: Regional phenylephrine arterial infusion|
- α1-adrenoceptor Vasoreactivity With L-NMMA [ Time Frame: up to 8 hours ]
Vasoreactivity is defined as Forearm blood flow, dose response curve; ml per minute per log of phenylephrine, or FABF ml/min/logPE;
The x axis is the ml/min value and the y axis is the log Phenylephrine concentration.
- α1-adrenoceptor Vasoreactivity With Endogenous ADMA [ Time Frame: up to 8 hours ]
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT00356265
|United States, Michigan|
|University of Michigan Hospital|
|Ann Arbor, Michigan, United States, 48109|
|Principal Investigator:||Crystal A Gadegbeku, MD||Assistant Professor of Medicine, University of Michigan Health System, Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Nephrology|