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Evaluate the Efficacy of Insulin Patients With Type 1 Diabetes

This study has been completed.
Alkermes, Inc.
Information provided by:
Eli Lilly and Company Identifier:
First received: July 21, 2006
Last updated: February 6, 2009
Last verified: February 2009

A study to test for non-inferiority of preprandial HIIP [also known as AIR® Inhaled Insulin Powder][AIR® is a registered trademark of Alkermes,Inc.] compared with preprandial injectable insulin (insulin lispro) with respect to HbA1c after 6 months of treatment in patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus.

This study is designed also to examine insulin antibody levels in AIR Insulin -treated patients compared with injectable insulin-treated patients with type 1 diabetes.

The present study is intended to determine if preprandial AIR Insulin is non-inferior to preprandial injectable insulin (insulin lispro) with respect to mean change in HbA1c from baseline to endpoint at 6 months in patients with type 1 diabetes.

Condition Intervention Phase
Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1
Drug: Human Insulin Inhalation Powder
Drug: Injectable insulin
Drug: Insulin Glargine
Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase 3, Open-Label, Parallel-Group Study to Evaluate the Efficacy of Preprandial Human Insulin Inhalation Powder (HIIP) Compared to Preprandial Injectable Insulin in Patients With Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by Eli Lilly and Company:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • To test that preprandial AIR Insulin is non-inferior to preprandial injectable insulin (insulin lispro) with respect to mean change in HbA1c from baseline to endpoint. [ Time Frame: 6 months ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Insulin dose requirements [ Time Frame: throughout the study ]
  • Insulin antibody binding levels [ Time Frame: baseline, 1 month, 6 months, follow-up ]
  • To compare HbAlc change [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
  • To assess rate and incidence of hypoglycemia [ Time Frame: 6 months ]

Enrollment: 494
Study Start Date: August 2006
Study Completion Date: May 2008
Primary Completion Date: May 2008 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: 1 Drug: Human Insulin Inhalation Powder
patient specific dose, inhaled, before meals, 6 months
Other Name: LY041001
Drug: Insulin Glargine
patient specific dose, injectable, before meals, 6 months
Active Comparator: 2 Drug: Injectable insulin
patient specific dose, injected, before meals, 6 months
Drug: Insulin Glargine
patient specific dose, injectable, before meals, 6 months


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Type 1 diabetes for at least 24 months
  • Have an HbA1c less than or equal to 11%
  • Patients who are on an insulin regimen involving 2 or 3 preprandial injections per day for at least 2 months
  • Non-smoker

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Require a daily total insulin dosage greater than 150 U at screening
  • Patients who have a current or past history of asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, other clinically relevant pulmonary disease
  • Systemic glucocorticoid therapy
  • Clinical signs or symptoms of liver disease, acute or chronic hepatitis
  • History of lung transplantation and/or lung cancer
  • Diagnosed with pneumonia in the 3 months prior to screening
  • History of renal transplantation
  • Active or untreated malignancy
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00356109

  Show 37 Study Locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
Eli Lilly and Company
Alkermes, Inc.
Study Director: Call 1-877-CTLILLY (1-877-285-4559) or 1-317-615-4559 Mon - Fri 9 AM - 5 PM Eastern Time (UTC/GMT - 5 hours, EST) Eli Lilly and Company
  More Information

Additional Information:
Publications automatically indexed to this study by Identifier (NCT Number):
Responsible Party: Chief Medical Officer, Eli Lilly Identifier: NCT00356109     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 9627
Study First Received: July 21, 2006
Last Updated: February 6, 2009

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Diabetes Mellitus
Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1
Glucose Metabolism Disorders
Metabolic Diseases
Endocrine System Diseases
Autoimmune Diseases
Immune System Diseases
Insulin, Globin Zinc
Insulin Glargine
Hypoglycemic Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs processed this record on May 24, 2017