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Costa Rican Natural History Study of HPV and Cervical Neoplasia

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00342173
First Posted: June 21, 2006
Last Update Posted: October 6, 2017
The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC) ( National Cancer Institute (NCI) )
  Purpose

A population-based study was initiated in Costa Rica in June 1993 to investigate the natural history of human papillomaviruses (HPV) and cervical neoplasia. Over a period of 18 months, ending in December 1994, 10,080 women were recruited into our study, after informed consent was obtained. At the initial recruitment visit, all women were administered a brief risk factor questionnaire, had 15ml of blood collected and, if sexually active, were given a pelvic examination. At the time of the pelvic examination, a Pap smear was collected, as were additional cervical cells which were then used for additional monolayer smears (ThinPrep) and for human papillomavirus and other testing. Pictures of the cervix, known as cervigrams, were also taken as a third screening test. Based on these screening tests, women were referred to colposcopy, at which time a more detailed risk factor questionnaire was administered, additional cervical cells and blood (15ml) were collected, and histological specimens were obtained, if indicated by the colposcopy. Women diagnosed with a high-grade cervical lesion (HSIL) or cervical cancer were treated by Social Security Administration clinicians using standard local protocols.

Women without evidence of HSIL or cancer at enrollment comprise the group of subjects who have been followed as part of our longitudinal study. Three distinct groups of women of approximately equal size (about 3,000 women each) exist within our longitudinal cohort. The first group consists of women who at enrollment had evidence of low-grade cervical lesions (LSIL) or equivocal lesions and a sample of the remaining cohort members. This group is being followed actively at 6-12 month intervals through their seventh anniversary in the cohort. The second group consists of women who were cytologically normal at enrollment but randomly selected for active follow-up. This second group will be seen once after enrollment, at their fifth anniversary in the cohort. Women in this group with evidence of LSIL at the fifth anniversary visit will be added to the first group described above and followed at 6-month intervals. The final group consists of the remaining women in our cohort (all cytologically normal at enrollment). These women are being followed passively via linkage to the cytology and tumor registries in Cost Rica.

Clinical visits conducted during follow-up consist of a brief personal interview that collects information on exposures since enrollment, the collection of 15ml blood, and a pelvic examination. Pap smear is prepared during the pelvic examination, and additional cervical specimens are collected and used to prepare a monolayer smear (ThinPrep) and for human papillomavirus and other testing. Similar to the enrollment visit, cervigrams are also collected from each participant at the time of their follow-up visits.

During follow-up, women with any evidence of progression to HSIL or cancer (by Pap smear, ThinPrep, cervicography, or by visual inspection) are referred to colposcopy, censored from the study, and treated by Social Security Administration clinicians using standard local protocols.


Condition
Cervical Neoplasia

Study Type: Observational
Study Design: Observational Model: Cohort
Time Perspective: Prospective
Official Title: Costa Rican Natural History Study of HPV and Cervical Neoplasia

Further study details as provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC) ( National Cancer Institute (NCI) ):

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Cervical precancer and cancer [ Time Frame: 7-year follow-up ]

Estimated Enrollment: 12000
Study Start Date: May 20, 1999
Detailed Description:

A population-based study was initiated in Costa Rica in June 1993 to investigate the natural history of human papillomaviruses (HPV) and cervical neoplasia. Over a period of 18 months, ending in December 1994, 10,080 women were recruited into our study, after informed consent was obtained. At the initial recruitment visit, all women were administered a brief risk factor questionnaire, had 15ml of blood collected and, if sexually active, were given a pelvic examination. At the time of the pelvic examination, a Pap smear was collected, as were additional cervical cells which were then used for additional monolayer smears (ThinPrep) and for human papillomavirus and other testing. Pictures of the cervix, known as cervigrams, were also taken as a third screening test. Based on these screening tests, women were referred to colposcopy, at which time a more detailed risk factor questionnaire was administered, additional cervical cells and blood (15ml) were collected, and histological specimens were obtained, if indicated by the colposcopy. Women diagnosed with a high-grade cervical lesion (HSIL) or cervical cancers were treated by Social Security Administration clinicians using standard local protocols.

Women without evidence of HSIL or cancer at enrollment comprise the group of subjects who were followed as part of our longitudinal study. Three distinct groups of women of approximately equal size (about 3,000 women each) exist within our longitudinal cohort. The first group consists of women who at enrollment had evidence of low-grade cervical lesions (LSIL) or equivocal lesions and a sample of the remaining cohort members. This group was followed actively at 6-12 month intervals through their seventh anniversary in the cohort. The second group consists of women who were cytologically normal at enrollment but randomly selected for active follow-up. This second group was seen once after enrollment, close to fifth anniversary in the cohort. Women in this group with evidence of LSIL at the fifth anniversary visit were added to the first group described above and followed at 6-month intervals. The final group consists of the remaining women in our cohort (all cytologically normal at enrollment). These women were followed passively via linkage to the cytology and tumor registries in Costa Rica.

Clinical visits conducted during follow-up consisted of a brief personal interview that collects information on exposures since enrollment, the collection of 15ml blood, and a pelvic examination. A Pap smear was prepared during the pelvic examination, and additional cervical specimens were collected and used to prepare a monolayer smear (ThinPrep) and for human papillomavirus and other testing. Similar to the enrollment visit, cervigrams were also collected from each participant at the time of their follow-up visits.

During follow-up, women with any evidence of progression to HSIL or cancer (by Pap smear, ThinPrep, cervicography, or by visual inspection) were referred to colposcopy, censored from the study, and treated by Social Security Administration clinicians using standard local protocols.

  Eligibility

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 100 Years   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria
  • INCLUSION CRITERIA FOR FOLLOW-UP PHASE OF NATURAL HISTORY STUDY:

Less than 35 years of age.

Intact uterus (non-hysterectomized).

In good general health.

Non-pregnant.

For women not using OCs: Having regular cycles [cycles 25-35 days in length].

HPV16 seropositive [based on data from latest visit tested].

No evidence of HSIL/cancer [based on data from latest visit within cohort].

Willing to participate [informed consent].

INCLUSION CRITERIA FOR FOLLOW-UP PHASE OF COHORT STUDY:

Must be between the ages of 45 to 70 years.

Women who do not have a final diagnosis of HSIL.

  Contacts and Locations
Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT00342173


Locations
Costa Rica
Costa Rican Social Security Administration
Tres Rios, Costa Rica
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Mark H Schiffman, M.D. National Cancer Institute (NCI)
  More Information

Publications:
Responsible Party: National Cancer Institute (NCI)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00342173     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 999999030
OH99-C-N030
First Submitted: June 19, 2006
First Posted: June 21, 2006
Last Update Posted: October 6, 2017
Last Verified: February 10, 2017

Keywords provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC) ( National Cancer Institute (NCI) ):
Cervix
Natural History
Neoplasia
HPV
Costa Rica

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Neoplasms