Retrospective Analysis of a Drug-Metabolizing Genotype in Cancer Patients and Correlation With Pharmacokinetic and Pharmacodynamics Data

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC) ( National Cancer Institute (NCI) )
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00341939
First received: June 19, 2006
Last updated: December 11, 2014
Last verified: November 2014
  Purpose

This study is a retrospective one, exploring the hypothesis that a person's genotypic makeup may be associated with a clinical response or toxic effect to a drug. Genetic polymorphisms, that is, states of being able to assume different forms, that are in drug-metabolizing enzymes, transporters, and receptors may affect a patient's response to drug therapy. To date, there have been limited studies looking at a drug-metabolizing genotype (genetic makeup) or phenotype (result of the genotype's interaction with the environment). However, it is often wondered if the variations in a drug's action, that is, pharmacokinetic effect, come from the genotype phenotype relationship.

Participants who entered previous clinical trials at the National Cancer Institute, as approved by the Central Institutional Review Board, may be eligible for this study. Studies for which pharmacokinetic analyses were or are being performed will be the source of the patient population.

Genotyping experiments will be performed through genomic DNA isolated from stored frozen serum. The genotyping results will be compared with pharmacokinetic data and clinical outcomes. Clinical data will consist of what is obtained during the course of the principal pharmacokinetic study. The results of the retrospective analyses will provide no direct benefit to the participants.


Condition
Prostate Cancer
Breast Cancer
Cutaneous T-Cell Lymphoma
Lung Cancer
Melanoma

Study Type: Observational
Study Design: Time Perspective: Retrospective
Official Title: Retrospective Analysis of Drug Disposition and Response-related Genotypes in Cancer Patients and Correlation With Pharmacokinetics and Pharmacodynamics Data

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC):

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • To retrospectively evaluate the association between pharmacokinetic data and polymorphisms in drug-metabolizing enzymes and transporters [ Time Frame: Duration of study ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Estimated Enrollment: 1587
Study Start Date: September 2004
Detailed Description:

Background

Genetic polymorphisms in drug-metabolizing enzymes, transporter/receptors, and transcription factors might affect an individual s response to drug therapy.

Interindividual differences in efficacy and toxicity of cancer chemotherapy are especially important given the narrow therapeutic index of these drugs.

During analysis of investigational agents, interindividual variances in pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics are often noted. It is often wondered if these variances might in part be explained by genetic differences in drug metabolizing enzymes, transporters.

Objectives

To better understand the genotype-phenotype relationship, additional analysis correlating pharmacokinetic data with relevant genotyping.

Eligibility

All individuals previously enrolled on IRB approved clinical trials at the National Cancer Institute.

Design

In these retrospective studies, the association between an individual s pharmacokinetic profile and the genetic variation in their drug metabolizing enzymes and other critical regulators of gene expression will be investigated.

The hypothesis that an individual s genotypic constitution may be associated with clinical response and/or toxicity will be explored.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria
  • INCLUSION CRITERIA:

In this retrospective study, any cancer patients entered on IRB approved clinical trials at the National Cancer Institute are eligible. Studies for which pharmacokinetic analyses were/are being performed will be the source of the patient population. At this time enrollment will be limited to patients with pharmacokinetic samples obtained during treatment on protocol 00-C-0033, 00-C-0080, 01-C-0049, 01-C-0124, 01-C-0215, 02-C-0061, 02-C-0083, 02-C-0130, 02-C-0149, 02-C-0215, 02-C-0218, 02-C-0229, 03-C-0030, 03-C-0157, 03-C-0176, 03-C-0284, 04-C-0132, 04-C-0257, 04-C-0262, 04-C-0273, 04-C-0280, 05-C-0022, 05-C-0049, 05-C-0167, 05-C-0186, 06-C-0083, 06-C-0088, 06-C-0164, 06-C-0221, 07-C-0047, 07-C-0059, 07-C-0106, 07-C-0107, 08-C-0030, 08-C-0074, 94-C-0169, 95-C-0015, 97-C-0135, 97-C-0171, and 98-C-0015.

EXCLUSION CRITERIA:

A patient will be excluded if there is an insufficient quantity of sample available to perform the genotyping procedure. This is not anticipated to be of significance for this study since the methodology does not require a large serum sample.

  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00341939

Locations
United States, Maryland
National Cancer Institute (NCI), 9000 Rockville Pike
Bethesda, Maryland, United States, 20892
Sponsors and Collaborators
Investigators
Principal Investigator: William D Figg, Pharm.D. National Cancer Institute (NCI)
  More Information

Publications:
Responsible Party: National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC) ( National Cancer Institute (NCI) )
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00341939     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 999904279, 04-C-N279
Study First Received: June 19, 2006
Last Updated: December 11, 2014
Health Authority: United States: Federal Government

Keywords provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC):
Drug Therapy
Pharmacogenetics
Cancer
Pharmacodynamics
Parmacokinetics

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Lymphoma, T-Cell
Lymphoma, T-Cell, Cutaneous
Immune System Diseases
Immunoproliferative Disorders
Lymphatic Diseases
Lymphoma
Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin
Lymphoproliferative Disorders
Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Histologic Type

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on May 21, 2015