Multi-Drug Resistant Tuberculosis in Korea
This study, conducted in Korea, will examine why some people are more susceptible to tuberculosis (TB) than others and why some strains of M tuberculosis (the bacteria that causes TB) are more difficult to treat or become resistant to drug treatments. The study will compare blood samples and other medical information from patients with different kinds of tuberculosis and with healthy volunteers to identify patient and bacterial characteristics that contribute to disease susceptibility, treatment failure, disease recurrence and multi-drug resistance.
Healthy volunteers and patients with tuberculosis who are 20 years of age or older may be eligible for this study. Subjects are recruited from among patients receiving treatment for tuberculosis at the National Masan Tuberculosis Hospital in the Republic of Korea and from healthy people visiting government health care centers for annual medical checkups. The latter include people who have had TB but are cured; people who have been exposed to TB, but currently have no signs of disease; and those who have not been exposed to TB.
Participants with tuberculosis undergo the following tests and procedures:
- Medical history, including past treatments for TB, and review of medical records
- Interview about home and work
- Sputum collection to test for the kind of TB bacteria present and for genetic studies of the bacteria
- Drug treatment for TB
- Blood draws as part of regular patient care, for HIV testing, and for genetic studies
- Chest x-rays as part of routine patient care
- In patients with recurrent disease, examination of the strains from both bouts of disease to determine if it is a recurrence of the same organism or infection with a new strain.
Healthy volunteers undergo the following tests and procedures:
- Brief medical history
- Blood draw to look for exposure to TB and for genetic studies
- Review of previous x-ray to look for active TB
|Study Design:||Observational Model: Cohort
Time Perspective: Prospective
|Official Title:||A Natural History Study of Multidrug-Resistant Tuberculosis Strains and Host Susceptibility Genes in Korean Patients With Pulmonary Tuberculosis|
- To compare the characteristics of subjects with relapsed tuberculosis verses the characteristics of subjects that do not experience relapse disease [ Time Frame: Over course of the study ]
- To compare the frequencies of the Toll-like receptor 2 and 4 (TLR2 and TLR4) alleles in tuberculosis subjects and tuberculosis-exposed, healthy volunteers. Other putative susceptibility genes discussed in the background may also be examined. [ Time Frame: End of study ]
- To compare molecular characteristics, including the expression of the phenolic glycolipid, (PGL) of M. tuberculosis strains that occur in subjects with a prior history of disease, disease spread to nonpulmonary sites, or previously treated disea... [ Time Frame: End of study ]
|Study Start Date:||December 23, 2004|
This natural history study seeks to determine some of the mycobacterial and host factors involved in the failure of antituberculous chemotherapy, disease recurrence, and the development of multidrug resistance by M. tuberculosis. Despite optimal treatment with directly-observed short-course therapy (DOTS), about 5-10% of compliant patients with "cured" tuberculosis relapse, usually within a year after completion of therapy. In Korea, where DOTS is not practiced, the relapse rate has been reported to be 15 to 20 %. In individual patients, failure to eradicate disease contributes directly to the development of drug-resistance and to low overall cure rates. While factors such as patient drug compliance and HIV status have been extensively studied in relation to rates of relapse; host genetic factors and the specific relevance of the infecting mycobacterial strain have not yet been investigated in detail. Identification of patient characteristics and specific strains of M. tuberculosis that are associated with relapse and the evolution of drug resistance would greatly facilitate the development of treatment protocols that might avoid these complications.
Our study population will consist of subjects with pulmonary tuberculosis receiving treatment at our study sites. Healthy volunteers will be selected as the genotypic control population. All subjects with tuberculosis enrolled in the study will be followed by periodic chart review and data extraction during their treatment and follow-up at participating study sites. For 2.5 years after completing drug treatment, tuberculosis recurrence among study subjects will be identified using periodic chart abstraction and follow-up phone calls every 6 months to determine the 2 year recurrence rate for tuberculosis (TB). M. tuberculosis isolates may be collected from subjects with recurrent TB and analyzed to distinguish between relapse and re-infection.
Study subjects will be asked to provide 10 mL of blood and 5 to 30 mL of sputum for acid-fast bacilli (AFB) smear and culture at entry. Sputum will be cultured for M. tuberculosis and isolates will be tested for drug resistance (DR). The research staff may use molecular DR tests to confirm the agar-growth DR results. In addition, subjects will be asked a series of medical history questions including history of prior tuberculosis, antituberculous treatment, disease contacts, and risk factors associated with tuberculosis; and will be asked to give consent to allow clinical research staff to abstract treatment regimens and results from their inpatient and outpatient medical charts for the duration of their participation in the study (treatment and follow-up).
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00341601
|Korea, Republic of|
|National Masan Tuberculosis Hospital & Clinical Research Center|
|Masan, Korea, Republic of|
|National Medical Center|
|Seoul, Korea, Republic of|
|Principal Investigator:||Clifton E Barry, Ph.D.||National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)|