Prevention of Tumor Spread Due to Lung Cancer Surgery

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00341380
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : June 21, 2006
Last Update Posted : April 5, 2018
Information provided by:
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)

Brief Summary:

This study will investigate operative techniques to reduce the risk of tumor spread as a result of lung cancer surgery. Recent studies indicate that tumor cells may be released into the bloodstream due to handling of the lung during surgery, causing disease spread in patients whose tumor was previously confined to the lung. This study will examine whether the order in which the pulmonary vein (a vessel carrying blood from the lungs to the heart) and artery (vessel carrying blood from the heart to the lungs) are tied off during surgery affects the risk of tumor spread and disease recurrence.

Patients 18 years of age or older with operable Stage I or Stage II non-small cell lung cancer and no evidence of tumor spread beyond the lung may be eligible for this study. Candidates will be screened with a medical history, blood tests, chest X-ray, and possibly mediastinal evaluation. This test involves inserting a tube into the chest cavity to look for signs of disease spread beyond the lung.

All participants will undergo standard surgery for lung cancer. During the procedure, both the pulmonary artery and pulmonary vein are tied off; for this study, patients will be randomly assigned to have either the artery or the vein ligated first. Patients will be followed every 6 months for two years with blood tests and X-rays to look for disease recurrence.

Condition or disease
Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer

Detailed Description:

The VALID study is designed to obtain information regarding factors associated with the risk of recurrence after resection of early stage Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer (NSCLC). Until recently, the only clearly identified prognostic factor was the stage of the disease. Recent development of sensitive molecular assays has provided a way to study the effect of circulating tumor cells on clinical outcome. Preliminary studies have shown that tumor cells detected by such means in lymph nodes or in bone marrow are associated with an increased risk of recurrence. Preliminary studies have also indicated that the level of circulating tumor cells in the blood stream is effected by intraoperative factors, i.e. the sequence of vessel ligation.

The main objective for this study is to investigate the influence of intraoperative sequence of vessel ligation and how this affects tumor recurrence and survival. In addition, we will also investigate the use of molecular assays to detect circulating tumor cells as a surrogate endpoint for the occurrence of distant metastases and/or death after surgery for NSCL. Several of these molecular markers have proven their value in case series but have not been rigorously tested for association with the clinical endpoints of interest, tumor recurrence and survival. We believe that this study may lead to important answers about how the spread of tumor cells occurs and if novel detection methods can be used to predict patient outcome.

Study Type : Observational
Actual Enrollment : 41 participants
Observational Model: Case-Only
Time Perspective: Other
Official Title: Venous or Arterial Ligation and Intraoperative Dissemination (VALID) of Cancer Cells: A Randomized Clinical Trial For Patients With Resectable Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer
Study Start Date : September 24, 2002

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Lung Cancer
U.S. FDA Resources

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Determine the effect of initial venous versus arterial ligation during resection for NSCLC on the risk of distant metastases within two years of follow-up [ Time Frame: 2 years ]

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Patients for this study will be identified through the Multidisciplinary Thoracic Oncology Clinic at UNC. Enrollment criteria for the study are: 1) Surgically respectable Stage I or II non-small cell lung carcinoma; 2) Negative mediastinal evaluation; 3) No contraindications for surgery; and 4) More than 18 years of age.


Patients with prior carcinoma within 5 years (except basal cell carcinoma of the skin and superficial bladder cancer) will be excluded from the study. Patients who are enrolled based on clinical Stage I or II but are revised to higher Stage once the surgical specimens are examined will be excluded from statistical analysis.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00341380

United States, North Carolina
University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
Chapel Hill, North Carolina, United States
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS)
Principal Investigator: Jack Taylor, M.D. National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS)

Publications: Identifier: NCT00341380     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 999902319
First Posted: June 21, 2006    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: April 5, 2018
Last Verified: January 22, 2018

Keywords provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC):
Lung Cancer
Surgical Resection
Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Lung Neoplasms
Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung
Respiratory Tract Neoplasms
Thoracic Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Lung Diseases
Respiratory Tract Diseases
Carcinoma, Bronchogenic
Bronchial Neoplasms