Risk Factors for Non-HIV-Related Kaposi s Sarcoma
This study will try to identify risk factors for Kaposi s sarcoma, a rare skin cancer, and to understand the role of the KSHV virus in development of the disease.
All native-born Italians 21 years of age or older residing in Sicily from July 1, 2002 through June 30, 2005 who have Kaposi s sarcoma not related to HIV infection may be eligible for this study. Healthy control subjects will also be enrolled.
All participants will be interviewed about their childhood, jobs, habits, medical conditions, and treatments. They also will provide a blood sample and a saliva sample, obtained by swishing a mouthwash for 45 seconds and spitting it into a container.
Blood will be tested for two viruses KSHV and HIV that are related to Kapsosi s sarcoma. The KSHV virus is newly discovered and not well understood. In general, a positive KSHV test probably means an infection with the virus has occurred in the past, but not necessarily that disease has developed. HIV is the virus that causes AIDS. People with AIDS have a high risk of Kapsosi s sarcoma. Although HIV and AIDS are very rare among older adults in Sicily, the presence of HIV must be ruled out in order to understand how KSHV is related to Kapsosi s sarcoma.
The blood may also be used to measure immunity (the body s defense against infection and cancer) and for genetic studies to help discover why Kapsosi s sarcoma occurs.
|Official Title:||Cofactors for Classical Kaposi's Sarcoma and for Kaposi's Sarcoma-Associated Herpesvirus Infection: A Case-Control Study in Sicily|
- Kaposi sarcoma (KS) [ Time Frame: 5 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
|Study Start Date:||August 2002|
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00339326
|Universita Degli Studi Di Palermo|
|Principal Investigator:||Sam M Mbulaiteye, M.D.||National Cancer Institute (NCI)|