Alternate Dosing of PROCRIT (Epoetin Alfa) in Patients With Cancer and Chemotherapy Induced Anemia

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00338299
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : June 20, 2006
Last Update Posted : May 23, 2011
Ortho Biotech Products, L.P.
Information provided by:
Johnson & Johnson Pharmaceutical Research & Development, L.L.C.

Brief Summary:
The purpose of this study was to test the effectiveness and safety of PROCRIT (Epoetin alfa) at a higher starting dose (60,000 Units) once per week, followed by a less frequent dose (60,000 Units every two weeks) in patients with cancer and chemotherapy induced anemia.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Anemia Chemotherapy Drug: Epoetin alfa Phase 2

Detailed Description:

This was an open-label, non-randomized, multicenter pilot study where patients who were receiving chemotherapy for non-myeloid malignancy (cancer) with a baseline hemoglobin (Hb) <= 11 g/dL were enrolled. The primary objective of this pilot study was to estimate the hematologic responses for the dosing regimen of PROCRIT (Epoetin alfa), starting at a dose of 60,000 Units (U) administered subcutaneously (sc, under the skin) once per week (qw) for four weeks ("Phase A"), followed by a dose of 60,000 U every two weeks (q2w) ("Phase B") in patients with cancer and chemotherapy induced anemia. If, at any time during the study the Hb level rose to >13 g/dL, PROCRIT (Epoetin alfa) therapy was held until the Hb reached <=12 g/dL, then resumed at a reduced dose in both Phase A and Phase B. The dose was also reduced if a very rapid Hb response occurred (i.e. an increase of more than 1.3 g/dL in a 2-week period). The secondary objective of the study was to determine the incidence of anti-erythropoietin antibodies (anti-EPO Ab), at baseline and at end of study/early withdrawal in patients who had received a minimum of one dose of PROCRIT (Epoetin alfa). Rarely, anti-erythropoietin antibodies may form in patients who have some types of diseases (e.g., autoimmune diseases, rheumatoid arthritis, anemia of chronic disease), or in response to exposure to erythropoietin products such as Epoetin alfa necessitating discontinuation of the erythropoietin agent and medical treatment that may include blood transfusions.

Safety evaluations included clinical laboratory tests (hemoglobin and hematocrit), vital signs measurements (blood pressure), and incidence and severity of adverse events.

This study determined if higher initial weekly doses resulted in a higher initial response rate and/or a more brisk hemoglobin rise. Patients received PROCRIT (Epoetin alfa) 60,000 Units (U) once a week for 4 weeks. At Week 5 if hemoglobin increased by >= 1 g/dL above baseline, the PROCRIT dose was changed to 60,000 U every 2 weeks for <= 12 weeks. An additional PROCRIT dose was given if chemotherapy completed before Week 16.

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 51 participants
Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: An Open-Label Pilot Study to Evaluate the Effects of Alternate Dosing of PROCRIT� (Epoetin Alfa) in the Treatment of Patients With Cancer and Chemotherapy Induced Anemia (60,000 Units Weekly for Four Weeks Followed by 60,000 Units Every Two Weeks)
Study Start Date : August 2003
Actual Study Completion Date : April 2004

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Anemia

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Proportion of patients with a >= 1 g/dL increase in Hb above baseline in Phase A independent of transfusion within 4 weeks

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Phase B: Maintain or increase the absolute Hb level achieved in Phase A (up to 0.9 g/dL higher) or maintain or increase the Hb level above that achieved in Phase A independent of transfusion within 4 weeks

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Histologically confirmed diagnosis of non-myeloid malignancy (no history of myelodysplasia allowed) with a baseline hemoglobin of <= 11 g/dL, planned to receive chemotherapy for a minimum of 12 weeks
  • Life expectancy of >= 6 months with an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) Performance Status 0 - 2
  • Negative serum pregnancy test at Screening and adequate contraceptive during treatment and for three months after treatment
  • Adequate hematologic function, adequate renal function and adequate hepatic function.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Planned radiation during the study
  • Anemia due to factors other than cancer/chemotherapy (i.e., iron, B12 or folate deficiencies, hemolysis or gastrointestinal bleeding)
  • Prior treatment with Epoetin alfa or any other erythropoietic agent (e.g., Darbepoetin alfa) within the previous three months
  • Significant, uncontrolled disease/dysfunction of the pulmonary, cardiovascular, endocrine, neurologic, gastrointestinal, or genitourinary systems not attributable to underlying malignancy or chemotherapy, uncontrolled hypertension or history of uncontrolled cardiac arrhythmias, pulmonary embolism, thrombosis
  • Transfusion of platelets or packed red blood cells within 28 days prior to the first dose of study medication
  • Planned stem cell harvest of bone marrow or high dose chemotherapy with stem cell transplant during study duration.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00338299

Sponsors and Collaborators
Johnson & Johnson Pharmaceutical Research & Development, L.L.C.
Ortho Biotech Products, L.P.
Study Director: Johnson & Johnson Pharmaceutical Research & Development, L.L. C. Clinical Trial Johnson & Johnson Pharmaceutical Research & Development, L.L.C.

Additional Information: Identifier: NCT00338299     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: CR005098
First Posted: June 20, 2006    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: May 23, 2011
Last Verified: April 2010

Keywords provided by Johnson & Johnson Pharmaceutical Research & Development, L.L.C.:
subcutaneous injection
Epoetin alfa

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Hematologic Diseases
Epoetin Alfa