Bevacizumab in Treating Patients With Recurrent or Progressive Glioma

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00337207
Recruitment Status : Active, not recruiting
First Posted : June 15, 2006
Results First Posted : November 19, 2012
Last Update Posted : May 1, 2018
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Jeffrey Raizer, Northwestern University

Brief Summary:

RATIONALE: Monoclonal antibodies, such as bevacizumab, can block tumor growth in different ways. Some block the ability of tumor cells to grow and spread. Others find tumor cells and help kill them or carry tumor-killing substances to them. Bevacizumab may also stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking blood flow to the tumor.

PURPOSE: This phase II trial is studying how well bevacizumab works in treating patients with recurrent or progressive glioma.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Brain and Central Nervous System Tumors Biological: bevacizumab Phase 2

Detailed Description:


  • Determine the safety of single-agent bevacizumab in the treatment of patients with recurrent or progressive malignant glioma.
  • Determine the efficacy of bevacizumab, in terms of progression-free survival at 6 months, in these patients.
  • Assess changes in tumoral blood flow based on magnetic resonance (MR) perfusion and tissue changes by MR spectroscopy.

OUTLINE: This is a pilot study.

Patients receive bevacizumab IV over 30-90 minutes on day 1. Courses repeat every 21 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed periodically.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 55 patients will be accrued for this study.

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 55 participants
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase II Safety Study of Bevacizumab in Patients With Multiple Recurrent or Progressive Malignant Gliomas
Study Start Date : March 2006
Actual Primary Completion Date : November 2008
Estimated Study Completion Date : December 2019

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Avastin Biological: bevacizumab
Bevacizumab 15 mg/kg every 3 weeks over 30 to 90 minutes. One cycle = 3 weeks. Treatment continues until progressive disease or unacceptable toxicity.

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Safety of Treatment [ Time Frame: Throughout treatment and up to 30 days post-treatment ]
  2. Progression-free Survival at 6 Months [ Time Frame: After all patients have surpassed the 6 month post-treatment timepoint ]
    The number of patients experiencing progression free survival (PFS) was calculated at the 6-month time point.

  3. Tumoral Blood Flow Changes [ Time Frame: Before and after treatment ]

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No


  • Histologically confirmed malignant glioma, including the following:

    • Glioblastoma multiforme
    • Gliosarcoma
    • Anaplastic astrocytoma or anaplastic glioma
    • Malignant glioma not otherwise specified
  • Evidence of tumor recurrence or progression by MRI or CT scan with contrast

    • CT scan or MRI must be performed ≤ 96 hours post-operatively (≤ 2 weeks prior to study registration) or 4-6 weeks post-operatively to assess residual disease in patients who have undergone recent resection of recurrent or progressive tumor

      • Steroid dosage must have been stable for ≥ 5 days
  • Failed ≥ 1 prior systemic treatment with chemotherapy or biologic agents (excluding polifeprosan 20 with carmustine implant [Gliadel wafers])
  • Failed prior external-beam radiotherapy
  • If received prior interstitial brachytherapy or stereotactic radiosurgery, true progressive disease (rather than radiation necrosis) must be confirmed by positron emission tomography, single-photon emission computer tomography with thallium, magnetic resonance (MR) spectroscopy, MR perfusion, or surgical documentation


  • Karnofsky performance status 70-100%
  • Life expectancy > 8 weeks
  • WBC > 3,000/mm³
  • Absolute neutrophil count > 1,500/mm³
  • Platelet count > 100,000/mm³
  • Hemoglobin > 10 g/dL (transfusion allowed)
  • SGOT and SGPT < 1.5 times upper limit of normal (ULN)
  • Bilirubin < 1.5 times ULN
  • Creatinine < 1.5 mg/dL
  • Blood pressure ≤ 150/100 mm Hg
  • No unstable angina
  • No New York Heart Association class II-IV congestive heart failure
  • No stroke or myocardial infarction within the past 6 months
  • No clinically significant peripheral vascular disease
  • No evidence of bleeding diathesis or coagulopathy
  • Urine protein:creatinine ratio < 1.0
  • No significant medical illness that would preclude study participation or cannot be adequately controlled with appropriate therapy
  • No other serious medical illness or infection
  • No disease that would obscure toxicity or dangerously alter drug metabolism
  • No significant traumatic injury within the past 28 days
  • No abdominal fistula, gastrointestinal perforation, or intra-abdominal abscess within the past 6 months
  • No serious, nonhealing wound, ulcer, or bone fracture
  • No history of any other cancer (except nonmelanoma skin cancer or carcinoma in situ of the cervix) unless cancer is in complete remission and patient is off all therapy for that cancer for ≥ 3 years
  • Not pregnant or nursing
  • Negative pregnancy test
  • Fertile patients must use effective contraception


  • See Disease Characteristics
  • More than 4 weeks since prior surgery for recurrent or progressive disease and recovered
  • More than 28 days since prior major surgical procedure or open biopsy
  • At least 4 weeks since prior cytotoxic therapy (6 weeks for nitrosoureas)
  • At least 2 weeks since prior vincristine
  • At least 3 weeks since prior procarbazine hydrochloride
  • At least 1 week since prior noncytotoxic agents (e.g., interferon, tamoxifen, thalidomide, or isotretinoin)

    • Radiosensitizer does not count
  • At least 4 weeks since prior experimental biologic agents (e.g., epidermal growth factor receptor [EGFR] inhibitors)
  • More than 7 days since prior minor surgery, such as fine-needle aspirations or core biopsies
  • No concurrent combination anti-retroviral therapy for HIV-positive patients
  • No concurrent enzyme-inducing anticonvulsants (EIACs)

    • Patients on EIACs must switch to nonenzyme-inducing convulsants ≥ 2 weeks prior to study enrollment

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00337207

United States, Illinois
Hematology-Oncology Associates of Illinois
Chicago, Illinois, United States, 60611-2998
Robert H. Lurie Comprehensive Cancer Center at Northwestern University
Chicago, Illinois, United States, 60611-3013
Sponsors and Collaborators
Northwestern University
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Principal Investigator: Jeffrey J. Raizer, MD Robert H. Lurie Cancer Center

Publications of Results:
Raizer JJ, Gallot L, Cohn R, et al.: A phase II safety study of bevacizumab in patients with multiple recurrent or progressive malignant gliomas. [Abstract] J Clin Oncol 25 (Suppl 18): A-2079, 94s, 2007.

Responsible Party: Jeffrey Raizer, Jeffrey Raizer, MD, Northwestern University Identifier: NCT00337207     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: NU 05C3
NU-05C3 ( Other Identifier: Northwestern University Cancer Center )
STU00005237 ( Other Identifier: Northwestern University IRB )
First Posted: June 15, 2006    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: November 19, 2012
Last Update Posted: May 1, 2018
Last Verified: April 2018

Keywords provided by Jeffrey Raizer, Northwestern University:
adult glioblastoma
adult gliosarcoma
recurrent adult brain tumor
adult anaplastic astrocytoma
adult giant cell glioblastoma

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Nervous System Neoplasms
Central Nervous System Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Nervous System Diseases
Angiogenesis Inhibitors
Angiogenesis Modulating Agents
Growth Substances
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Growth Inhibitors
Antineoplastic Agents