Auricular Acupuncture for Analgesia During Total Hip Arthroplasty
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Ages Eligible for Study:
45 Years to 85 Years (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:
Patients with an American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status of I to III scheduled for elective hip arthroplasty because of degenerative osteoarthritis under general anesthesia.
Surgery time does not exceed 100 minutes.
Patients without previous opioid medication.
Patients ranged 45-85 years old.
Patients who have given informed consent.
Pregnant or nursing females.
Local or systemic infection.
Age < 45 and > 85 years.
Surgery time more than 100 minutes.
Intraoperative complications (bleeding, required blood transfusion more than 4 units of packed cells , cardiovascular instability, required catecholamines).
Patients consumed opioid medication before surgery.
Patients with prosthetic or damaged cardiac valves.
Patients who are unable to understand the consent form.