Thai Prophylactic HIV Vaccine Phase I Study

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00333424
Recruitment Status : Terminated (Vaccines safe but not immunogenic in 8 participants; trial closed to further recruitment by the protocol steering committee & DSMB.)
First Posted : June 5, 2006
Last Update Posted : June 13, 2012
Thai Red Cross AIDS Research Centre
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Kirby Institute

Brief Summary:
The development of a safe and effective vaccine for HIV is the subject of intensive world-wide research. Various approaches are being investigated in monkey models and humans. This is a randomized, double-blind trial to evaluate the safety and immunogenicity of a candidate preventative human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) vaccine strategy in 24 healthy adult Thai volunteers with no identifiable risk behaviour for HIV-1 infection. Volunteers will receive three "priming" vaccinations at weeks 0, 4 and 8 (pHIS-HIV-AE, a DNA vector delivering AE clade HIV-1 genes). This will be followed at week 12 by single "boost" vaccination (rFPV-HIV-AE, non-replicating, recombinant fowlpox virus vector delivering the same HIV-1 genes). Safety and immunological monitoring will continue to 52 weeks

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
HIV Biological: pHIS-HIV-AE (DNA vaccine) prime and rFPV-HIV-AE (recombinant fowlpox virus boost) vaccine Phase 1 Phase 2

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 8 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Triple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: A Randomised, Placebo-Controlled, Double-Blind, Phase I Clinical Trial to Evaluate the Safety and Immunogenicity of a Candidate Prophylactic pHIS-HIV-AE DNA Prime and rFPV-HIV-AE Boost HIV Vaccination Strategy
Study Start Date : August 2007
Actual Primary Completion Date : July 2008
Actual Study Completion Date : February 2009

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: HIV/AIDS

Arm Intervention/treatment
Placebo Comparator: Placebo
placebo containing diluent alone
Biological: pHIS-HIV-AE (DNA vaccine) prime and rFPV-HIV-AE (recombinant fowlpox virus boost) vaccine
6mg pHIS-HIV-AE at weeks 0, 4 and 8; 3 x 10e8 pfu/mL rFPV-HIV-AE at week 12

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. All safety data summarised & compared by randomly assigned vaccination group. Primary immunological outcome is mean difference in change in percent of IFN-y + CD4+ and/or CD8+ cells by intracellular cytokine staining (ICCS) from week 0 to 13. [ Time Frame: 13 weeks ]

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Proportion of patients with positive ICCS assay responses; peripheral blood mononuclear cell responses to HIV antigens; proportion of patients with positive ELIspot assay responses; anti-HIV Gag, Pol & Env antibodies. [ Time Frame: week 13 ]

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 55 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Healthy volunteers, as judged by the screening physician based on medical history, physical examination and laboratory results
  • 18 - 55 years of age, inclusive
  • Laboratory blood values within clinically acceptable range
  • Women of reproductive potential must have a negative urine beta-human chorionic gonadotropin (B-HCG) pregnancy test at both the screening and baseline visits
  • Agreement to employ barrier contraception for 4 weeks preceding entry and for the whole duration of the study (52 weeks)
  • Agreement to undertake HIV testing and to receive results
  • Provision of written informed consent approved by the Institutional Ethics Committee (IEC).

Exclusion Criteria:

  • HIV positive
  • HBsAg or HCV positive
  • Identifiable risk behaviour for HIV infection, defined as any one of the following:

    • sexual partners of HIV positive people
    • individuals reporting unprotected intercourse with a partner of unknown HIV status, if that partner is reported to be at higher risk for HIV infection ("higher risk of HIV infection" is defined as individuals reporting unprotected anal intercourse (UAI), unprotected intercourse with sex workers and/or sharing injecting equipment within the 12 months preceding trial entry
    • men reporting any UAI with male partners of unknown status in the 12 months preceding entry to the study
    • individuals who in the 12 months preceding entry to the study have been diagnosed with a new sexually transmissible infection (STI) that may have been acquired through anal or vaginal intercourse (receptive or insertive)
    • individuals reporting sharing of injecting equipment in the last 12 months
  • Recipients of prior HIV candidate vaccines in a previous HIV vaccine trial (does not apply to volunteers who received placebo or adjuvant in such a trial)
  • Recipients of live attenuated vaccines within 60 days prior to entering the study. Whole killed, toxoid or sub-unit vaccines e.g. influenza, pneumococcus, tetanus, hepatitis B are not exclusionary when given at least 4 weeks prior to the scheduled experimental HIV vaccines
  • Known or suspected hypersensitivity to egg products or a known history of anaphylaxis or any other serious adverse reactions to any vaccinations
  • History of serious allergic reactions requiring hospitalisation or emergency medical care (e.g. Steven-Johnson's syndrome, bronchospasm or hypotension) to any substance
  • Clinically significant intercurrent illness or a history of clinically significant illness requiring immunomodulatory (including corticosteroids) or cytotoxic treatment (e.g. cancer) or any significant disease conditions that in the opinion of the Principal Investigator precludes the individual from participating in the study
  • Recipients of blood products or immunoglobulins within 6 months prior to entering the study
  • Recipients of experimental or investigational agents within 30 days prior to entering the study
  • Recreational and/or therapeutic drug-use that, in the opinion of the Principal Investigator, might compromise the volunteer's participation in any way
  • Medical or psychiatric condition or occupational responsibilities that may preclude compliance with the protocol
  • Pregnant or lactating women, or women planning to become pregnant during the trial.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00333424

HIV-NAT (The HIV Netherlands Australia Thailand Research Collaboration), Thai Red Cross AIDS Research Centre
Bangkok, Thailand, 10330
Sponsors and Collaborators
Kirby Institute
Thai Red Cross AIDS Research Centre
Principal Investigator: Kiat Ruxrungtham, MD PhD HIV-NAT, Thai Red Cross AIDS Research Center

Publications of Results:
Responsible Party: Kirby Institute Identifier: NCT00333424     History of Changes
Obsolete Identifiers: NCT00476749, NCT00859248, NCT00859820
Other Study ID Numbers: NCHECR-AE1
First Posted: June 5, 2006    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: June 13, 2012
Last Verified: June 2012

Keywords provided by Kirby Institute:
Human Immunodeficiency Virus
Prophylactic vaccine

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs