Hyperalgesia in Methadone Patients: Can it be Treated?
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
- Pain tolerance [ Time Frame: 6 week ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
- Pain threshold [ Time Frame: 6 week ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
|Study Start Date:||September 2002|
|Primary Completion Date:||August 2006 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Addressing the undertreatment of clinical pain has become a national priority, with a central goal being to identify effective interventions for those subgroups of patients most at risk for suffering unrelieved pain (NIH Program Announcement PA-01-115). In fact, the undertreatment of pain was recently ruled a form of patient abuse with a California court awarding one million dollars in damages to the family of such a patient. Novel data accumulated by our investigative group has shown that patients maintained on the mu-opioid agonist, methadone, for the treatment of addiction, are significantly hyperalgesic to cold-pressor experimental pain as compared to normal controls. This diminished pain tolerance, in addition to the contextual prohibitions associated with providing known opioid addicts with opioid analgesics, makes them a population uniquely vulnerable to the undertreatment of pain. Unfortunately, little is known about how to best manage the pain suffered by the over 120,000 methadone-maintained (MM) patients in this country, in part because the hyperalgesia they suffer appears to be akin to neuropathic pain and opioid-induced.
In the proposed series of studies, the Principal Investigator (a first-time R01 applicant) will build upon her previous studies validating and characterizing hyperalgesia in MM samples to explore it's underlying mechanism from a pharmacological perspective. Utilizing slightly different double-blind, placebo-controlled designs, the proposed work will evaluate the ability of three classes of medication (N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA)-antagonists, adjuvant anticonvulsant analgesics, and novel opioid analgesics) to diminish or reverse the opioid-induced hyperalgesia complicating the pain states suffered by MM patients. Specifically, in a sample of MM patients, (1) dextromethorphan, which interferes with the development of opioid-induced hyperalgesia, (2) gabapentin, which has proven efficacy in treating neuropathic pain, and (3) oxycodone, which has novel opioid activity, will each be evaluated for its ability to ameliorate or diminish the opioid-induced hyperalgesia in these patients as reflected by changes on pain threshold and tolerance to both cold-pressor and electrical pain, at peak and trough methadone blood levels. The results of this work will not only provide pharmacologic insight into the mechanisms underlying poor pain tolerance in this at-risk population, but also direction for the medical management of pain complicated by opioid-induced hyperalgesia.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00333242
|United States, California|
|UCLA School of Nursing|
|Los Angeles, California, United States, 90095|
|Principal Investigator:||Margaret A Compton, RN, PhD||UCLA School of Nursing|