Effect of Bright Light on Sex Hormones and Ovulation in Humans
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The study investigated whether bright artificial light may influence menstrual cycle and ovulation conclusively, and what underlying hormonal changes for this effect are.
Condition or disease
Procedure: Light therapy
Several studies have shown a shortening of the menstrual cycle following light therapy in women with abnormally long menstrual cycles or with winter depression, which suggests that bright light may influence sex hormones and ovulation. The study was designed to investigate this possibility. Twenty-two women with slightly lengthened menstrual cycles and without clinically evident endocrine abnormalities completed a study lasting for two menstrual cycles separated by an off-protocol episode of at least 1 menstrual cycle. Bright light therapy was administered for a week at home during one experimental cycle, and dim light during another cycle (placebo-controlled, crossover, counter-balanced order). Daytime blood sampling and ultrasound scan were performed before and after a week of light therapy, on the ~7th and 14th days after menstruation onset. Ultrasound examination was repeated further to document ovulation. Serum was assayed for thyroid-stimulating hormone, prolactin, luteinizing hormone, follicle-stimulating hormone, and estradiol. The preliminary results were reported at the SLTBR meeting in June, 2005.
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Ages Eligible for Study:
19 Years to 40 Years (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:
Age 19-40 years
Mean menstrual cycle 28-38 days
Good general health
Generally normal sleep-wake regimen
Motivated for free participation
Medications known to interfere with hormone release
Clinically evident endocrine abnormalities including the signs of
Travel over several time zones during two months prior the study