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Elaboration of a Model for Predicting Efficacy of Monoclonal Antibodies (Cetuximab and Bevacizumab) in Patients With Colorectal Cancer and Liver Metastases

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00327093
Recruitment Status : Terminated (The scientific commitee decided to stop the inclusions and exploit the results.)
First Posted : May 18, 2006
Last Update Posted : February 9, 2009
Information provided by:
Hospices Civils de Lyon

Brief Summary:

Primary Objective: This trial is elaborating a model for rapidly predicting (day 21) the response to monoclonal antibodies anti-EGFR and anti-VEGF (cetuximab and bevacizumab) based on biological markers and/or functional imaging. The response to treatment is evaluated by the conventional method after 2 months (Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors [RECIST] criteria).

Secondary Objectives:

  1. This trial is also analyzing the correlation between the magnitude of response to treatment at 2 months (stabilization or objective response, RECIST criteria) and that of response observed after 6 months of treatment.
  2. The organisational objective is to develop a tumour bank of metastatic colorectal cancer.

Population: The population includes 252 male and female patients with metastatic colorectal cancer justifying the use of cetuximab or bevacizumab, with no heart disease.

Techniques: Computed tomography (CT scan), functional imaging (ultrasound with SonoVue); molecular imaging (positron emission tomography [PET] with fluorodeoxyglucose F18 [18-FDG]); and biology and pathology on microbiopsy of liver metastasis are used.

Outcome Criteria: The primary outcome is response to treatment with monoclonal antibodies according to RECIST criteria at two months.

Studied Factors:


  1. CT scan: RECIST criteria (gold standard);
  2. Ultrasound with SonoVue injection: 1 representative target (delay of contrast appearance, peak of rising, curve of increase and decrease of the signal, area under the curve, time of average transit).

Nuclear Medicine: PET scan and 18-FDG (standard uptake values [SUV])

Molecular Characterization of Tumors: p53 status; microsatellite instability (MSI) status; expression of oncogenes; EGFR status; VEGF status; determination of FcgammaRIIIA polymorphisms


  1. Descriptive analyses;
  2. Analysis of the appropriate threshold to measure: response to treatment by an ultrasound with SonoVue and by PET scan; correlation between response predicted by the ultrasound with SonoVue and the PET; conventional morphological CT at 2 months
  3. Analysis of prognostic factors:

    1. Evaluation of the role of each prognostic factor (pathology and imaging) on response to treatment;
    2. Multivariate analysis of prognostic factors;
    3. Analysis of the prognostic power of early response at 2 months on the response observed after 6 months of treatment.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Colorectal Cancer Neoplasm Metastasis Drug: cetuximab Drug: bevacizumab Phase 4

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 31 participants
Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Elaboration of a Model for Predicting Efficacy of Monoclonal Antibodies (Cetuximab and Bevacizumab) in Patients With Colorectal Cancer and Liver Metastases
Study Start Date : May 2006
Actual Primary Completion Date : October 2008
Actual Study Completion Date : October 2008

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: 1
Drug: bevacizumab
Indication: first intention treatment
Other Name: Avastin

Experimental: 2
Drug: cetuximab
indication : second intention treatment
Other Name: Erbitux

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Elaboration of a predictive model, based on biological and functional imaging parameters, for the response to monoclonal antibodies as assessed through RECIST criteria 2 months after the beginning of treatment [ Time Frame: at 7 weeks ]

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Correlation between the response at 2 months and that at 6 months of treatment (taking into account the therapeutic adjustments during the 6-month follow-up) [ Time Frame: at 6 month ]

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 75 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patients >= 18 years old
  • Patients with colon or rectal carcinoma histologically proven
  • Patients with metastases (synchronous or metachronous)
  • Patients with associated extra-hepatic disease (asymptomatic primary tumor or extra-hepatic metastases)
  • Performance status (World Health Organization [WHO]) = 0, 1, or 2
  • Life expectancy >= 3 months
  • Patients with normal haematological, kidney, and liver parameters (PNN > 1.5 x 10^9/L, platelets > 100 10^9/L, total bilirubin <= 1.25 x upper limit of normal (ULN), ASAT/ALAT <= 5 x ULN, creatinaemia <= 135 µmol/L (1.5 mg/dL)
  • No cardiac or coronary insufficiency untreated
  • At least 4 weeks between surgery and study beginning
  • Patients can have a biopsy of the hepatic lesion identified by ultrasound.
  • Informed consent signed.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patients with symptomatic tumors (colon or rectal)
  • Patients with others tumors not cured
  • Patients who cannot be treated by 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) and/or irinotecan because of special medical conditions or other serious disease.
  • Patients who participated in another clinical trial since less than 30 days
  • Pregnancy or breast-feeding women
  • Patients who cannot be treated because of active infection or other serious disease.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00327093

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Jean-Alain Chayvialle
Lyon, France, 69003
Sponsors and Collaborators
Hospices Civils de Lyon
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Principal Investigator: Jean-Alain Chayvialle, MD Hospices Civils de Lyon

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Responsible Party: Jean-Alain CHAYVIALLE, Pr, Hospices Civils de Lyon Identifier: NCT00327093     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 2005-401
First Posted: May 18, 2006    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: February 9, 2009
Last Verified: February 2009
Keywords provided by Hospices Civils de Lyon:
Colorectal cancer,
monoclonal antibodies,
predictive model,
antiangiogenic agents,
medical imaging
Colorectal cancer with liver metastases
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Colorectal Neoplasms
Neoplasm Metastasis
Neoplasms, Second Primary
Intestinal Neoplasms
Gastrointestinal Neoplasms
Digestive System Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Digestive System Diseases
Gastrointestinal Diseases
Colonic Diseases
Intestinal Diseases
Rectal Diseases
Neoplastic Processes
Pathologic Processes
Antibodies, Monoclonal
Antineoplastic Agents, Immunological
Antineoplastic Agents
Angiogenesis Inhibitors
Angiogenesis Modulating Agents
Growth Substances
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Growth Inhibitors
Immunologic Factors