Validation in Humans of Genes Involved in Alcohol Drinking, Stress-Induced Alcohol Drinking and Relapse
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Aim of the project is to validate and functionally characterize the combined impact of candidate genes and stress exposure on drinking in adolescents. Lifetime and recent stress experiences and drinking are recorded in a sample of healthy young adults who are genotyped for polymorphisms in candidate genes related to alcoholism. All participants undergo a standard laboratory psychosocial stress test. Our hypothesis is that specific genes can be identified which influence drinking by modulating stress response.
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Ages Eligible for Study:
18 Years to 19 Years (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:
All 18 or 19 year old participants of the Mannheim risk children study, i.e. a longitudinal birth cohort study that started in 1986 and had the inclusion criteria given below:
Male and female singletons, firstborn to their mothers between February 1st, 1986 and February 28th, 1988, consecutively recruited from 2 obstetric and 4 children's hospitals of the Rhine-Neckar region, Germany.
with no severe physical handicaps, obvious genetic defects, or metabolic diseases.
with German-speaking Caucasian parents.
Falling into one of 3 predefined groups with absent, moderate or high pre- and perinatal risk, operationalized by low gestational age at birth, low birth weight, and severity of the following: Preterm labor, EPH-gestosis, perinatal asphyxia, seizures, respiratory distress syndrome, perinatal sepsis.
Falling into one of 3 predefined groups with absent, moderate or high psychosocial risk, operationalized by a family risk index measuring the presence of 11 adverse family factors covering characteristics of the parents (e.g., psychiatric disorders), the partnership (e.g., disharmony), and the family environment (e.g., overcrowding)during a period of one year prior to birth.
Intelligence quotient or motor quotient below 70, or presence of severe neurological disorder such as infantile cerebral palsy, at age 15.
Women with known pregnancy.
Any physical of psychiatric disease requiring treatment
Incapable to give informed consent or to answer questionnaires in writing