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Combination Daclizumab/Denileukin Diftitox to Treat Uveitis

This study has been completed.
Information provided by:
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC) Identifier:
First received: May 16, 2006
Last updated: January 24, 2017
Last verified: December 20, 2006

This study will determine whether treatment with a combination of the drugs daclizumab and denileukin diftitox can eliminate the need for long-term daclizumab treatment in adult patients with uveitis. Denileukin diftitox kills white blood cells called lymphocytes that cause inflammation and may be the cause of uveitis.

Patients 18 years of age and older with uveitis in one or both eyes who are on daclizumab therapy and have not had a disease flareup in 6 months may be eligible for this study. Candidates are screened with a medical history, physical examination, eye examination (including vision test, examination of the front of the eye, and pupil dilation for examination of the retina at the back of the eye), blood tests and a questionnaire about their vision and daily activities.

After screening, participants undergo the following procedures:

  • Daclizumab/ denileukin diftitox treatment. Patients receive their regular dose of daclizumab intravenously (through a vein). The interval between doses is increased by 1 week after each dose. When the doses are 10 weeks apart, the daclizumab is stopped. Patients who experience a flare or uveitis are treated with intravenous denileukin diftitox and possibly local injections of steroids around the eye or increasing or adding other medicines as needed to control the uveitis.
  • Fluorescein angiography to look for blood vessel abnormalities in the eyes. A yellow dye is injected into an arm vein and travels to the blood vessels in the eyes. Pictures of the retina (the back portion of the eye) are taken with a special camera that flashes a blue light into the eye. The pictures show if any dye has leaked from the vessels into the retina, indicating possible abnormalities.
  • Ultrasound and urine tests at enrollment and after 1 year to check kidneys, lymph nodes and pelvic area.
  • Blood tests at enrollment and every 3-6 months for laboratory and immunology tests and other research tests on blood cells to examine the immune response.
  • Follow-up visits approximately every 6 weeks for 2 years for repeat examinations to determine the response to treatment and drug side effects.

Condition Intervention Phase
Non-infectious Intermediate and Posterior Uveitis
Drug: Daclizumab
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Combination Daclizumab/Denileukin Diftitox (Ontak) Therapy for the Induction of Immune Tolerance in Non-infectious Intermediate and Posterior Uveitis

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC):

Estimated Enrollment: 5
Study Start Date: May 11, 2006
Estimated Study Completion Date: December 20, 2006
Detailed Description:
We propose to investigate the possible efficacy of combination daclizumab and denileukin diftitox therapy to induce peripheral immune tolerance in participants presenting with non-infectious intermediate and posterior uveitis. This will be performed using a Phase I/II pilot study. Subjects whose disease is controlled on daclizumab therapy will have their daclizumab-dosing interval progressively increased by one-week increments. If and when they experience signs or symptoms of an ocular flare, they will be treated with denileukin diftitox, 24 hours after which they will receive their usual dose of daclizumab. Participants may receive up to 12 such cycles of daclizumab/denileukin diftitox therapy. When the daclizumab-dosing interval is 10 weeks long or less than 10% of their CD4 T cell CD25 is occupied by daclizumab, therapy will be discontinued. Following discontinuation of daclizumab patients will be followed for recurrence of ocular disease. Failure to reach this study point after 12 cycles or disease recurrence following discontinuation of therapy will constitute a study failure. The primary outcome will be the ability of the participant to be successfully tapered off daclizumab while their disease remains quiet (vitreous haze less than or equal to Trace) at week 104 while receiving no concomitant systemic immunosuppressive medications.

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 65 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

To be eligible to enroll in this study, a prospective participant must satisfy the following inclusion criteria.

  1. Participant is 18 years of age or older. (The vast majority of T cells are produced before adulthood and the long-term consequences of inducing immune tolerance are unknown, it would thus seem prudent to exclude juveniles from the study.)
  2. Participant with uveitis in one or both eyes on daclizumab therapy without disease flare in the past 6 months.
  3. Participants of reproductive age agree to use acceptable birth control methods throughout the course of the study and for 6 months after completion of treatment with daclizumab or sirolimus.
  4. Participant must be willing and prepared to travel to NIH on short notice for treatment and to be hospitalized if deemed medically necessary.
  5. Participant is able to understand and sign a consent form before entering the study.


To be eligible to enroll in this study, a prospective participant must not satisfy any of the following exclusion criteria.

  1. Participant with a history of hypersensitivity to denileukin diftitox.
  2. Participant is pregnant or lactating.
  3. Participant with active chronic or acute infections.
  4. Participant with a history of cardiovascular disease, significant respiratory disease, coagulation disorders, or other major medical illnesses that may limit their ability to tolerate the toxicities associated with denileukin diftitox.
  5. Participant with a serum albumin less than 3.0.
  6. Participant with malignancy other than squamous cell carcinoma in situ.
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00326508

United States, Maryland
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center, 9000 Rockville Pike
Bethesda, Maryland, United States, 20892
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Eye Institute (NEI)
  More Information

Publications: Identifier: NCT00326508     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 060066
Study First Received: May 16, 2006
Last Updated: January 24, 2017

Keywords provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC):
T Lymphocytes
IL-2 Conjugate
T Regulatory Cells
Denileukin Diftitox
Immune Tolerance
T Cell

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Uveitis, Posterior
Uveal Diseases
Eye Diseases
Denileukin diftitox
Immunoglobulin G
Antineoplastic Agents
Analgesics, Non-Narcotic
Sensory System Agents
Peripheral Nervous System Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors processed this record on March 27, 2017