Risedronate in Improving Bone Mineral Density and Bone Health in Postmenopausal Women With Ductal Carcinoma In Situ Enrolled in Clinical Trial CRUK-IBIS-II-DCIS
RATIONALE: Bisphosphonates, such as risedronate, may help improve bone health and prevent osteoporosis in postmenopausal women. It is not yet known whether risedronate is effective in improving bone mineral density and bone health in women with ductal carcinoma in situ.
PURPOSE: This randomized phase III trial is studying risedronate to see how well it works compared to a placebo in improving bone mineral density and bone health in postmenopausal women with ductal carcinoma in situ enrolled in clinical trial CRUK-IBIS-II-DCIS (CRUK: Cancer Research UK) (DCIS: Ductal carcinoma in situ).
Drug: risedronate sodium
Other: diagnostic laboratory biomarker analysis
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Primary Purpose: Supportive Care
|Official Title:||A Randomised, Double-Blind Trial to Assess the Effects on Bone Mineral Density and Bone Biomarkers of Anastrozole When Used to Prevent Breast Cancer in Postmenopausal Women|
- Spine and femur bone change comparison
- Effects of bisphosphonate on bone mineral density and bone metabolism in patients who were osteoporotic or moderately severe osteopenic at baseline
- Correlation of changes in levels of biochemical markers of bone metabolism with longer-term changes in bone mineral density as measured by dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry (DXA)
|Study Start Date:||February 2003|
- Compare the changes in bone of the spine and femur in postmenopausal women with ductal carcinoma in situ treated with anastrozole vs placebo on protocol CRUK-IBIS-II-DCIS.
- Determine the effect of bisphosphonate treatment on bone mineral density and bone metabolism in patients who are receiving anastrozole on protocol CRUK-IBIS-II-DCIS and are osteoporotic or moderately to severely osteopenic at baseline.
- Correlate changes in levels of biochemical markers of bone metabolism with longer-term changes in bone mineral density, as measured by dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry (DXA).
OUTLINE: This is a multicenter, partially randomized, double-blind study. Patients are stratified according to bone mineral density (T-score) measurements (≥ -1.5 vs -2.5 to < -1.5 vs -4.0 to < -2.5 or ≤ 2 low-trauma vertebral fractures). Patients in stratum I are further stratified according to calcium and cholecalciferol (vitamin D) supplementation (yes vs no) and use of risedronate on this study (yes vs no). Patients in stratum II are further stratified according to randomized treatment on protocol CRUK-IBIS-II-DCIS (yes vs no).
- Stratum I (T-score ≥ -1.5): Patients undergo dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry (DXA) scanning at baseline and then at 1, 3, 5, and 7 years. Patients who develop osteoporosis (T-score < -2.5) are removed from the study and receive open-label bisphosphonates.
Stratum II (T-score -2.5 to < -1.5 [moderate to severe osteopenia]): Patients undergo DXA scanning as in stratum I. Patients are also randomized (double-blind) to 1 of 2 treatment arms.
- Arm I: Patients receive oral risedronate once a week for 5 years.
- Arm II: Patients receive oral placebo once a week for 5 years. Patients in either arm who develop osteoporosis AND a drop in T-score of more than 1 unit are removed from the study and receive open-label bisphosphonates.
- Stratum III (T-score -4.0 to < -2.5 OR ≤ 2 low trauma vertebral fractures [osteoporosis]): Patients undergo DXA scanning as in stratum I. Patients also receive oral risedronate (or their current bisphosphonate) once a week for 5 years.
Blood samples for correlative studies (e.g., bone biomarkers, serum estradiol) are collected at baseline and at 6 and 12 months.
After completion of study treatment, patients are followed periodically.
PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 1,000 patients will be accrued for this study.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00324714
|Bern, Switzerland, CH-3010|
|Oncocare Sonnenhof-Klinik Engeriedspital|
|Bern, Switzerland, CH-3012|
|Principal Investigator:||Katharina S. Buser, MD||Oncocare Sonnenhof-Klinik Engeriedspital|