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Safety and Efficacy of Cellcept and Avonex as Combination Treatment in Multiple Sclerosis

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00324506
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : May 11, 2006
Last Update Posted : June 19, 2013
Information provided by (Responsible Party):

Study Description
Brief Summary:
The primary objective of this safety/mechanistic study is to determine the safety and tolerability of oral Cellcept when compared with weekly intramuscular Avonex in relapsing multiple sclerosis. Safety will be assessed by virtue of changes in size and number of lesions on MRI scans.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Multiple Sclerosis Drug: Mycophenolate Mofetil (CellCept) Phase 2

Detailed Description:

Sixty patients (20 patients at each recruiting center) with RR MS who satisfy both inclusion and exclusion criteria will be treated with CellCept® or Avonex® for the first 6 months of the study. Those patients will have a fifty-fifty chance of receiving either Avonex or Cellcept. Baseline data will be collected before treatment begins including MRIs, chest x-ray, EKG, and standard labwork, along with a blood test for HIV and Hepatitis B. Once enrolled, study visits include periodic MRI scans, a neurological exam by the examining neurologist every three months, frequent bloodwork, questionnaires, and eye-testing at month zero, six, and twelve months. Eye testing takes about one hour and requires dilation of pupils. All assessments are standard of care for ophthalmology with the exception of optical coherence tomography (OCT)-- a non-invasive procedural device that records graphical and numerical measurements of the optic nerve and macula.

All patients will begin active combination therapy on both CellCept® and Avonex® during the second 6 months of the study. During this second phase, MRI and clinical examinations will be performed.

Study Design

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 43 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double (Participant, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Randomized, Open-label, Parallel-Group Multicenter Study to Determine the Safety/Efficacy of Mycophenolate Mofetil in Mono & Combination Therapy With Interferon Beta 1a in Patients With Relapsing Remitting Multiple Sclerosis
Study Start Date : May 2006
Primary Completion Date : June 2009
Study Completion Date : June 2009

Arms and Interventions

Arm Intervention/treatment
Active Comparator: Cellcept and Avonex Drug: Mycophenolate Mofetil (CellCept)

Outcome Measures

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. The primary objective of this safety/mechanistic study is to determine the safety and tolerability of oral Cellcept when compared with weekly intramuscular Avonex in relapsing multiple sclerosis. Safety will be assessed by virtue of changes in MRI [ Time Frame: 1 year ]

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Secondary Objectives: [ Time Frame: one year ]
  2. Changes in exacerbation frequency, incidence of exacerbations in the treated groups, changes in level of sustained disability [ Time Frame: one year ]
  3. , changes in quality of life measures, assessment of fatigue [ Time Frame: one year ]

Eligibility Criteria

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 55 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patient diagnosed with clinically definite MS according to McDonald criteria #1-#4
  • Age 18-55
  • Have a RR disease course
  • Have EDSS scores less than or equal to 5.0
  • Have a disease duration of one day to 20 years
  • Have at least one medically documented clinical relapse within the 12 months prior to randomization (for eligibility, a pre-study relapse will be defined as neurologic symptoms and signs documented by review of the history with the subject or in the medical record, of sufficient severity and duration to be determined by the investigator as consistent with an acute MS relapse; the relapse does not need to have been treated to qualify) and/or have progression of ≥1.0 points in EDSS in the previous year
  • Have ≥1 Gd-enhancing brain lesion on a monthly run-in baseline MRI and ≥2 T2 brain lesions consistent with MS on the screening scan
  • Signed informed consent
  • None of the exclusion criteria

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Previous treatment 3 months prior to study entry with standard disease-modifying therapy (interferon-beta and glatiramer acetate, IVIG and plasmaphoresis).
  • Previous treatment 12 months prior to study entry with immunosuppressant agents, e.g., mitoxantrone, cyclophosphamide, cladribine, fludarabine, cyclosporine or total body irradiation or any other concomitant immunomodulatory therapies (e.g., azathioprine, methotrexate,, CellCept®, natalizumab, and other immunomodulators/monoclonal agents).
  • Patients who received steroid treatment 30 days prior to the MRI scan date
  • Women who are pregnant, lactating or of childbearing age who do not consent to approved contraceptive use during the study.
  • Abnormal blood tests, performed during the screening visit (see adverse events section)
Contacts and Locations

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT00324506

United States, Michigan
Michigan Institute for Neurological Disorders (M.I.N.D.)
Farmington Hills, Michigan, United States, 48334
United States, New York
Buffalo Neuroimaging Analysis Center (BNAC)
Buffalo, New York, United States, 14203
United States, Texas
University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas
Dallas, Texas, United States, 75390
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center
Aspreva Pharmaceuticals
Principal Investigator: Elliot M Frohman, MD/PhD University of Texas, Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas
More Information

Responsible Party: Elliot Frohman, Professor, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00324506     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: IIT 355349
IRB #012006-028
First Posted: May 11, 2006    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: June 19, 2013
Last Verified: June 2013

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Multiple Sclerosis
Multiple Sclerosis, Relapsing-Remitting
Pathologic Processes
Demyelinating Autoimmune Diseases, CNS
Autoimmune Diseases of the Nervous System
Nervous System Diseases
Demyelinating Diseases
Autoimmune Diseases
Immune System Diseases
Mycophenolic Acid
Antibiotics, Antineoplastic
Antineoplastic Agents
Antibiotics, Antitubercular
Antitubercular Agents
Anti-Bacterial Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action