Clinical Trial to Assess the Effects of Candesartan on the Carbohydrate Metabolism of Obese Subjects (ARAMIA)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00319202
Recruitment Status : Terminated (Difficulties in completing the required sample size)
First Posted : April 27, 2006
Last Update Posted : November 6, 2012
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Fundación Cardiovascular de Colombia

Brief Summary:


The use of candesartan 16-32 mg/d for 6 months improves the carbohydrate metabolism, and decreases the plasmatic levels of adipocytokines and oxidative stress markers, in non diabetic, non hypertensive subjects with dysglycemia and abdominal obesity, and these effects are independent of the changes in arterial blood pressure.

General Objectives:

The objective is to study the impact of the treatment with candesartan in the carbohydrate metabolism and the plasmatic levels of adipocytokines and oxidative stress markers, in non diabetic, non hypertensive subjects with dysglycemia and abdominal obesity.

Study Design:

This is a randomized, double blind, cross-over, placebo-controlled, clinical trial to assess the effects of candesartan (up to 32 mg/d for 6 months), over the carbohydrate metabolism, plasma levels of adipocytokines and concentrations of oxidative stress markers in non diabetic, non hypertensive, dysglycemic and obese subjects from Colombia. The total duration of the study is 36 months.


One hundred non diabetic, dysglycemic and obese, subjects of both genders, over 18 years old, will be included. To be included subjects should have blood pressure values under 140/90 mmHg and should be receiving no antihypertensive medical treatment.


Subjects whom fulfill all selection criteria will be included in a run-in period of 15 days with placebo and hygiene-dietary measures (MHD) including educational, nutritional and exercise support. The patients that during this "Run in" phase have a compliance equal to or greater than 80% will be randomized to one of the two treatment groups ("Group A" receiving candesartan 16/32 mg/d for 6 months and then placebo for 6 months, or "Group B" receiving placebo during the first 6 months and then candesartan 16/32 mg/d during the last 6 months) in a 1:1 proportion by blocks of 4 subjects. Randomization will be performed by the AstraZeneca clinical department. Both groups will concurrently receive the standard treatment with MHD. Control visits will be programmed every month. Metabolic parameters, including C-reactive protein (CRP), interleukin-6 (IL-6), adiponectin, leptin, insulin, malonaldehyde and 8-isoprostanes, will be evaluated every 6 months (at the beginning and end of each treatment).

Statistical Analysis:

The analysis strategy will be performed by intention-to-treat. In a descriptive analysis, the averages and proportions will be obtained with their corresponding 95% confidence intervals for the clinically relevant variables during the baseline evaluation. In order to evaluate the differences between the groups, the Student's t test, Mann-Whitney and Fischer's exact tests will be used according to the nature of the study variables. Multiple lineal regression will be used with the purpose of comparing the treatment groups from baseline and its changes up to the 6th month of treatment.

Ethical Aspects:

The study will be conducted according to the Helsinki declaration, the good clinical practices guidelines and the Colombian legislation. Prior to entering the study, patients must sign a written informed consent that has been approved by the Institutional Ethics Committee of Fundación Cardiovascular de Colombia.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Glucose Intolerance Obesity Drug: Candesartan Drug: Placebo Phase 4

  Show Detailed Description

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 56 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment
Masking: Double (Participant, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Randomized, Double Blind, Cross-Over, Placebo-Controlled Clinical Trial to Assess the Effects of Candesartan on the Carbohydrate Metabolism, of Non Diabetic, Non Hypertensive Subjects With Dysglycemia and Abdominal Obesity."ARAMIA"
Study Start Date : June 2006
Actual Primary Completion Date : February 2010
Actual Study Completion Date : February 2012

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: 1 Drug: Candesartan
32 mg/d for 6 months

Placebo Comparator: 2 Drug: Placebo
Placebo administration for 6 months

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Changes in HOMA index value [ Time Frame: 6 months after beginning the treatment ]

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Changes in serum insulin, leptin and adiponectin, inflammatory markers and oxidative stress markers [ Time Frame: 6 months after beginning the treatment ]
  2. Changes in baseline glucose, and post-charge glucose plasma levels [ Time Frame: 6 months after beginning the treatment ]

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

The subjects that fulfill the following inclusion criteria will be eligible to participate in the study:

  • Men and women older than 18 years of age.
  • Waist perimeter > 90 cm in males or > 80 cm in females
  • Have plasma glucose levels in fasting between 100 and 125 mg/dL and/or on glucose tolerance test at 2 hours > 140 mg/dL and < 200 mg/dL.
  • Having a treatment compliance of over 80% at the end of the run-in phase.
  • All women with childbearing potential must have a secure contraceptive method. A secure method will be considered as sterilization by surgical methods, postmenopausal condition with an age greater than 45 years and a menopausal period equal to or greater than two years. In premenopausal women, the use of two barrier contraceptive methods including 1 month after the conclusion of the active phase of study treatment.

Exclusion Criteria:

Individuals with any of the following characteristics will be excluded:

  • Prior diagnosis of type 1 or 2 diabetes mellitus, chronic or acute renal insufficiency, coronary disease clinically evident (acute myocardial infarction, chest angina, myocardial revascularization) or cardiac insufficiency, or history of prior cardiovascular events (AMI, CVD, or CABG).
  • Significant chronic disease (terminal stage cirrhosis or hepatic disease or cancer) that affects the survival of patients at 12 months.
  • Chronic inflammatory diseases of obesity (lupus erythematosus, rheumatoid arthritis, etc.)
  • Infectious acute or chronic processes of any etiology with an occurrence within the 4 weeks prior to the beginning of the study.
  • Use of steroid hormones or NSAIDs 1 month prior to the beginning of the study.
  • The patient is participating in a program or under treatment to lose weight during the 8 weeks prior to the study entry.
  • The patient requires (for any circumstance) treatment with immunosuppressive agents.
  • Has participated in a clinical trial in the 8 weeks prior to the study entry.
  • At the study entry, the patient is considering the possibility of a surgical procedure during the next 12 months.
  • History of severe chronic gastritis or any condition of the gastrointestinal tract that may affect the absorption and/or distribution of any drug administered orally.
  • Alteration of the hepatic function tests. The maximum value for ALT or AST will be considered as > 2 times the upper normal limit.
  • Triglycerides > 600 mg/dl.
  • History of the use of psychoactive drugs or abuse of alcohol.
  • Positive pregnancy test in the screening visit.
  • Concomitant treatment with any other antihypertensive drug.
  • Contraindication to receive treatment with candesartan.
  • Pathological alterations of aortic or mitral cardiac valves (stenosis or insufficiency) or hypertrophic cardiomyopathy.
  • Denial to sign informed consent, or any mental condition that makes the patient part of a susceptible population

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00319202

Fundación Cardiovascular de Colombia
Floridablanca, Santander, Colombia, 10000
Sponsors and Collaborators
Fundación Cardiovascular de Colombia
Principal Investigator: Ronald G Garcia Gomez, MD, PhD Research Institute/Fundación Cardiovascular de Colombia
Study Chair: Vicente Lahera, PhD Departamento de Fisiologia/Universidad Complutense de Madrid
Study Chair: Federico A Silva, MD Research Institute/Fundación Cardiovascular de Colombia
Study Chair: Gustavo Marques, MD Research Institute/Fundación Cardiovascular de Colombia

Additional Information:
Publications automatically indexed to this study by Identifier (NCT Number):
Responsible Party: Fundación Cardiovascular de Colombia Identifier: NCT00319202     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: fcv193
First Posted: April 27, 2006    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: November 6, 2012
Last Verified: November 2012

Keywords provided by Fundación Cardiovascular de Colombia:
Impaired fasting glucose
Abdominal obesity
Angiotensin-receptor blocker

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Glucose Intolerance
Nutrition Disorders
Body Weight
Signs and Symptoms
Glucose Metabolism Disorders
Metabolic Diseases
Candesartan cilexetil
Antihypertensive Agents
Angiotensin II Type 1 Receptor Blockers
Angiotensin Receptor Antagonists
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action