Cisplatin and Docetaxel Plus Docetaxel and Radiotherapy With Amifostine for Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Head and Neck

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00318890
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : April 27, 2006
Last Update Posted : February 14, 2011
Aventis Pharmaceuticals
Information provided by:
University of Alabama at Birmingham

Brief Summary:
This trial seeks to accomplish both local and regional control of head and neck cancer and reduce systemic metastatic disease. To do this, patients will received chemotherapy followed by chemotherapy and radiation (given together) with an escalating dose of docetaxel.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Cancer of Head and Neck Head Cancer Head and Neck Cancer Neck Cancer Neck Neoplasms Drug: Cisplatin Drug: Docetaxel Procedure: Radiotherapy Drug: Amifostine Phase 1 Phase 2

Detailed Description:
The majority of head and neck cancer patients present with more advanced stages III or IV disease. The treatment of cancers of the head and neck can have profound consequences with regard to functional abilities such as speech and eating. In the treatment of both locally advanced HNSCC and sites where organ preservation is desirable, radiation therapy has been a major method of treatment. However, as a single modality, radiation therapy can cure fewer than 30% of patients with advanced disease. Attempts to improve the outcome of locally advanced HNSCC have generally added chemotherapy to radiotherapy. However, the optimal manner to integrate chemotherapy into the plan of care has been controversial. Chemotherapy has been used most commonly as either induction therapy preceding radiation, or more recently as concomitant therapy along with radiation. Induction chemotherapy has been associated with high response rates of 60-90%, but no significant change in loco-regional control or survival.Clinical trials incorporating chemotherapy with concurrent radiation have recently generated considerable interest. To accomplish both loco-regional control and reduce systemic metastasis, this trial proposes induction chemotherapy followed by concomitant chemotherapy-radiation with an escalating dose of docetaxel in patients with locally advanced previously untreated HNSCC.

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 48 participants
Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase I/II Trial of Induction Cisplatin and Docetaxel Followed by Concomitant Docetaxel/Radiotherapy With Subcutaneous Amifostine for Locally Advanced Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Head and Neck
Study Start Date : October 2002
Actual Primary Completion Date : April 2007
Actual Study Completion Date : December 2007

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Docetaxel + cisplatin followed by radiation
Docetaxel with cisplatin is given for three cycles, followed by concomitant therapy with weekly docetaxel for 4 weeks. Radiation therapy is given 5 days each week on Days 64-106 with a concomitant boost in the last 2 weeks of treatment. Amifostine is given as an injection on a daily basis during radiotherapy.
Drug: Cisplatin
Cisplatin is given at a dose of 75 mg/m2 intravenously for three cycles on Days 1, 21, and 43.
Other Name: Platinol-AQ

Drug: Docetaxel
Docetaxel is given at a dose of 75 mg/m2 intravenously on Days 1, 21, and 43 and continued at variable doses for 4 weeks with standard radiotherapy.
Other Name: Taxotere

Procedure: Radiotherapy
Radiation therapy will be given 5 days each week for 4 weeks plus a concomitant boost in the last 2 weeks of treatment to deliver 54 Gy in 30 fractions. Radiotherapy will follow the induction chemotherapy with docetaxel and cisplatin.

Drug: Amifostine
Amifostine will be administered as a subcutaneous injection on a daily basis during radiotherapy.
Other Name: Ethyol

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. To establish the response rate to chemotherapy followed by docetaxel with radiotherapy and to assess overall survival, local-regional recurrence rate and effects on the quality of life. [ Time Frame: approximately 4 months ]

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. To evaluate the toxicities of chemotherapy followed by concomitant docetaxel with radiotherapy in patients. [ Time Frame: approximately 4 months ]
  2. To evaluate tumor specimens for intermediary biomarkers of response or prognosis as compared to normal tissue [ Time Frame: approximately 4 months ]
  3. To assess the tolerance to subcutaneous amifostine and its effect on saliva production. [ Time Frame: approximately 4 months ]

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

Ages Eligible for Study:   19 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • The patient has histologically proven primary or recurrent squamous cell carcinoma arising in the oropharynx, oral cavity, hypopharynx, larynx, or nasopharynx.
  • The patient has stage III or IV disease.
  • Performance status < 2 (ECOG scale) with a life expectancy of > 12 months.
  • Age 19 years and above.
  • The patient is medically fit to tolerate a course of definitive radiation therapy.
  • The patient has:

    1. adequate hepatic function with bilirubin < upper limit of normal (ULN)
    2. transaminases (SGOT and SGPT) may be up to 2.5 x ULN if alkaline phosphatase is < ULN, or alkaline phosphatase may be up to 4 x ULN if transaminases are < ULN
    3. adequate renal function with serum creatinine < 1.5 mg/dl (or estimated creatinine clearance of > 50 mL/min)
    4. normal serum calcium
    5. adequate hematologic function as: defined by an absolute neutrophil count > 1500/ml, hemoglobin > 8.0 g/dl, and platelet count > 100,000/ml.
  • The patient may have had a prior malignancy but must be three years from treatment.
  • A history of superficial non-melanoma skin cancer or in situ carcinoma of the cervix less then three years will be allowed.
  • The patient must agree to use effective contraception if procreative potential exists, and continue contraception for at least 6 months following completion of the study.
  • Patient must sign informed consent.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • The patient has received radiation therapy previously to the head and neck.
  • The patient has received prior chemotherapy for head and neck cancer.
  • The patient is pregnant or lactating.
  • Peripheral neuropathy > Grade 2.
  • Serious non-malignant disease (e.g. congestive heart failure, uncontrolled atrial fibrillation, active hepatitis).
  • Any underlying psychological condition that would prohibit the understanding and rendering of informed consent.
  • Patients with a history of severe hypersensitivity reaction to docetaxel or other drugs formulated with polysorbate 80 must be excluded.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00318890

United States, Alabama
University of Alabama at Birmingham
Birmingham, Alabama, United States, 35294
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Alabama at Birmingham
Aventis Pharmaceuticals
Principal Investigator: Lisle Nabell, M.D. University of Alabama at Birmingham

Responsible Party: Lisle Nabell, M.D./ PI, University of Alabama at Birmingham Identifier: NCT00318890     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: F020522012
UAB 0210 ( Other Identifier: Institutional study protocol number )
First Posted: April 27, 2006    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: February 14, 2011
Last Verified: February 2011

Keywords provided by University of Alabama at Birmingham:
Chemotherapy and Radiotherapy for Head and Neck Cancer
Chemotherapy, Radiotherapy Squamous Cell Carcinoma Head Neck

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Carcinoma, Squamous Cell
Head and Neck Neoplasms
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms, Squamous Cell
Neoplasms by Site
Antineoplastic Agents
Tubulin Modulators
Antimitotic Agents
Mitosis Modulators
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Radiation-Protective Agents
Protective Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs