Ketoconazole, Hydrocortisone, and GM-CSF in Treating Patients With Progressive Prostate Cancer After Hormone Therapy
RATIONALE: Androgens can cause the growth of prostate cancer cells. Drugs, such as ketoconazole, may stop the adrenal glands from making androgens. GM-CSF may help ketoconazole work better by making tumor cells more sensitive to the drug. Giving ketoconazole together with hydrocortisone and GM-CSF may be an effective treatment for prostate cancer.
PURPOSE: This phase II trial is studying how well giving ketoconazole together with hydrocortisone and GM-CSF works in treating patients with progressive prostate cancer after hormone therapy.
|Prostate Cancer||Biological: sargramostim Drug: ketoconazole Drug: therapeutic hydrocortisone||Phase 2|
|Study Design:||Allocation: Non-Randomized
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||Phase II Trial to Assess the Activity of Ketoconazole Plus GM-CSF in Patients With Prostate Cancer Progressive After Androgen Deprivation|
- Time to progression
- Response rate as measured by prostate-specific antigen and objective parameters
- Frequency of grades 3-4 toxicity
- Pattern of immune response as measured by immunohistochemistry
|Study Start Date:||April 2004|
|Study Completion Date:||December 2007|
|Primary Completion Date:||November 2007 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
- Evaluate the effect of ketoconazole, hydrocortisone, and sargramostim (GM-CSF) on time to clinical progression in patients with prostate cancer that has progressed on primary hormonal therapy.
- Evaluate the objective response frequency in patients treated with this regimen.
- Investigate the safety of this regimen.
OUTLINE: This is an open-label, nonrandomized study.
Patients receive oral ketoconazole three times daily and oral hydrocortisone twice daily on days 1-28 and sargramostim (GM-CSF) subcutaneously on days 15-28. Treatment repeats every 28 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 48 patients will be accrued for this study.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00309894
|United States, California|
|UCSF Comprehensive Cancer Center|
|San Francisco, California, United States, 94115|
|Veterans Affairs Medical Center - San Francisco|
|San Francisco, California, United States, 94121|
|Study Chair:||Charles Ryan, MD||University of California, San Francisco|