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Study Comparing the Safety of Switching From Lamivudine to Adefovir Dipivoxil Versus Overlapping Lamivudine and Adefovir Before Adefovir Dipivoxil Monotherapy in Patients With Chronic Hepatitis B

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00307242
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : March 27, 2006
Last Update Posted : December 9, 2014
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Thomas Jefferson University

Brief Summary:

In earlier clinical studies, when patients who have been on lamivudine (LAM) were switched to adefovir dipivoxil (ADV), some patients developed ALT flares with an elevation of ALT > 10 x the upper limits of normal (ULN).

There were no cases of hepatic decompensation with the flares, however. The transition methods were varied among physicians from no overlapping to overlapping for 1 to 3 months with LAM and ADV. There is still some uncertainty about the optimal approach to switching from LAM to ADV.

This study will compare the safety of directly switching to ADV to a protocolled switch after a period of overlap of 12 weeks. This will facilitate pro-active switching in patients on LAM and will also highlight genotypic resistance ahead of phenotypic resistance as a reason to switch patients. Data to date have only been presented as part of a controlled study in patients with clinically evident LAM-resistance. This study will enroll patients who still have serum hepatitis B virus (HBV) DNA suppression whilst receiving LAM.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Chronic Hepatitis B Drug: Adefovir Dipivoxil Phase 4

Detailed Description:

Chronic HBV infection is an important worldwide cause of morbidity, mortality and source of potential new infections. There are an estimated 350 million carriers of HBV in the world. In China, Southeast Asia and sub-Saharan Africa, as many as 10-15% of the population are chronically infected. In North America and Northern Europe, infection and carrier rates are much lower, usually below 1%. Intermediate carrier rates of 1-5% are found in Southern Europe (e.g., Italy, Greece and Spain), parts of South and Central America, the Middle East and Japan. Persistent infection develops in over 90% of perinatally infected children and in 3-10% of people who become infected after the age of 6 years. Worldwide, it has been estimated that more than one million people die annually due to HBV-related end stage diseases such as cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma.

The goal of antiviral therapy for hepatitis B is to reduce a patient's risks for progressive liver disease through prolonged suppression or eradication of HBV infection and to arrest or ameliorate HBV-related liver damage.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 40 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Single Center Open-Label, Randomized Study Comparing the Safety of Immediately Switching From Lamivudine to Adefovir Dipivoxil Versus Overlapping Lamivudine and Adefovir for 12 Weeks Before Instituting Adefovir Dipivoxil Monotherapy in Patients With Chronic Hepatitis B
Study Start Date : May 2005

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Observe the proportion of patients with ALT elevations (> 10 x ULN) at any time over the course of the switch
  2. Study serum HBV DNA levels over time
  3. Study serum ALT levels over time
  4. Study the proportion of patients with YMDD variants at entry
  5. Study the safety during the switching period

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Males and females ≥ 18 years of age with chronic hepatitis B
  • Hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg)(+) for a minimum of 6 months prior to entry
  • Hepatitis B envelope antigen (HBeAg)(+) or (-) at baseline
  • Patients having previously received LAM for at least 24 weeks
  • Patients with compensated liver function (Child-Pugh score ≤ 6)

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Any serious or active medical or psychiatric illness which, in the opinion of the investigator, would interfere with patient treatment, assessment or compliance with the protocol.
  • Received immunoglobulins, interferon or other immune or cytokine-based therapies with possible activity in hepatitis B disease within 6 months prior to study screening.
  • Organ or bone marrow transplant recipients.
  • Evidence of active liver disease due to other causes (e.g., Wilson's disease, hemochromatosis, autoimmune hepatitis, hepatitis C or hepatitis D co-infection)
  • Patients taking parenteral (intravenous or intramuscular or subcutaneous) or oral steroids, immuno-suppressant therapies or chemotherapeutic agents within 2 months of study screening or expected to receive these agents during the course of the study.
  • Previous participation in an investigational trial involving administration of any investigational compound within 2 months prior to the study screening or those who received anti-HBV therapy other than lamivudine within the previous 3 months (e.g. anabolic steroids, ketaconazole, itraconazole, isoniazid, rifampin, rifabutin, simvastatin, lovastatin)
  • Clinically relevant alcohol or drug use or history of alcohol or drug use considered by the investigator to be sufficient to hinder compliance with treatment, follow up procedures or evaluation of adverse events
  • Lactating females or females with a positive serum pregnancy test.
  • Females of childbearing potential (post-puberty) unwilling or unable to have pregnancy testing at any study visit
  • Therapy with nephrotoxic drugs (e.g. aminoglycosides, amphotericin B, vancomycin, cidofovir, foscarnet, cisplatin pentamidine, tacrolimus, cyclosporine) or competitors of renal excretion (e.g. probenecid) within 2 months prior to study screening or the expectation that subject will receive these during the course of the study.
  • The use of antiviral therapy with agents demonstrating potential anti-HBV activity other than lamivudine within the previous 3 months (e.g. famciclovir, lobucavir, emtricitabine, DAPD, L-FMAU, entecavir, ganciclovir or others).
  • History of hypersensitivity to nucleoside and/or nucleotide analogues.
  • Clinical, ultrasonographic or radiologic evidence of hepatic mass suggestive of hepatocellular carcinoma.
  • Serum alphafetoprotein (AFP) > 50 ng/mL at the first screening visit. However, if the AFP level is > 50 ng/mL at the first screening visit, but has remained stable or decreased over the 6 months preceding the first screening visit, and if there is no radiologic or ultrasonic evidence of hepatic mass(es) suggestive of hepatocellular carcinoma, the patient will be allowed to enroll.
  • Inability to comply with study requirements.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00307242

Sponsors and Collaborators
Thomas Jefferson University
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Principal Investigator: Hie-Won Hann, M.D. Thomas Jefferson University
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Responsible Party: Thomas Jefferson University Identifier: NCT00307242    
Other Study ID Numbers: 05U.164
First Posted: March 27, 2006    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: December 9, 2014
Last Verified: December 2014
Keywords provided by Thomas Jefferson University:
Adefovir Dipivoxil
Hepatitis B
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Hepatitis A
Hepatitis B
Hepatitis B, Chronic
Hepatitis, Chronic
Liver Diseases
Digestive System Diseases
Hepatitis, Viral, Human
Virus Diseases
Enterovirus Infections
Picornaviridae Infections
RNA Virus Infections
Hepadnaviridae Infections
DNA Virus Infections
Adefovir dipivoxil
Antiviral Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Reverse Transcriptase Inhibitors
Nucleic Acid Synthesis Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Anti-Retroviral Agents