A Pilot Study of Mitoxantrone for the Treatment of Recurrent Neuromyelitis Optica (Devic’s Disease)
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Neuromyelitis optica (NMO) is a severe demyelinating disease that selectively involves the optic nerves and the spinal cord but usually spares the brain. NMO is considered to have a B cell induced pathogenesis. Mitoxantrone (MITO, Novantrone®), a synthetic anthracenedione approved for worsening relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (MS) and secondary progressive MS, has been shown to primarily suppress the humoral response. We conducted a prospective 2-year study to evaluate the benefit of MITO in five relapsing NMO patients.
Condition or disease
Neuromyelitis OpticaMyelitis, TransverseDemyelinating Autoimmune Diseases, CNSAutoimmune Diseases of the Nervous System
The treatment protocol consisted of monthly 12 mg/m2 MITO intravenous infusions for 6 months followed by 3 additional treatments every 3 months. Neurological assessment including the determination of the Expanded Disability Status Scale (EDSS) score was performed every 3 months and during relapses. Orbital, brain and spinal cord MRI was performed at baseline, 3, 6, 12, 18, and 24 months. Visual evoked potentials and ophthalmologic evaluations were performed at baseline and annually.
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Ages Eligible for Study:
18 Years to 55 Years (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:
Recurrent longitudinal myelitis (>3 segments of spinal cord involvement by MRI) with or without recurrent ON (unilateral or bilateral) but with normal brain MRI.
Patients with recurrent longitudinally extensive myelitis without optic neuritis have an underlying pathology and serology similar to NMO and it is appropriate to consider this a form of NMO10.
Cerebrospinal fluid required no intrathecal IgG synthesis or oligoclonal bands.
Age was required to be 18-55 years
Extended Disability Status Score ≤ 7.
Cardiac risk factors (e.g history of congestive heart failure and left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) < 50%
Systemic diseases such as lupus, Sjogren’s syndrome, anti-phospholipid antibody syndrome, sarcoidosis, rheumatoid arthritis, or vitamin B12 deficiency
Previous treatment with mitoxantrone or anthracyclines
Keywords provided by State University of New York at Buffalo:
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Autoimmune Diseases of the Nervous System
Demyelinating Autoimmune Diseases, CNS
Nervous System Diseases
Immune System Diseases
Optic Nerve Diseases
Cranial Nerve Diseases
Central Nervous System Infections
Central Nervous System Diseases
Spinal Cord Diseases
Paraneoplastic Syndromes, Nervous System
Nervous System Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Sensory System Agents
Peripheral Nervous System Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs